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General requirements for the prevention of infectious diseases.

In order to prevent the occurrence and spread of infectious diseases, a complex of organizational, engineering, medical, preventive, hygienic and anti-epidemic (related to the elimination of emerging cases of diseases) measures should be carried out. The complex of preventive measures includes:

• providing the population with benign drinking water;

• providing the population with benign food products;

• ensuring favorable living conditions for the population;

• preventive medical examinations;

• hygienic upbringing and education of citizens;

• identification of sick persons and carriers of infectious disease agents;

• registration, recording and statistical observation of cases of diseases and carriage of pathogens;

• treatment of patients and carriers;

• the order of admission to work and medical examination of people who have had an infectious disease;

• medical supervision and laboratory examination of people who have been communicating with infectious patients;

• immunoprophylaxis of infectious diseases (vaccinations, vaccination, immunization);

• disinfection (extermination of pathogens of infectious diseases), disinsection (extermination of insects - transmitters of infection), disinfestation (extermination of rodents that are carriers of infection or carriers of its pathogens).

All measures aimed at the prevention and elimination of infectious diseases are carried out simultaneously in all three of the above areas - isolation of the source of infection, breaking the transmission of infection, creating immunity of the population.
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General requirements for the prevention of infectious diseases.

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