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Rules for conducting control measures in the implementation of state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance
Control measures during the implementation of state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance are carried out in accordance with Federal Law of March 30, 1999 N 52-ФЗ “On the sanitary and epidemiological well-being of the population” by officials of bodies and institutions authorized to carry out state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance.
When carrying out control measures, the implementation of the requirements of the state sanitary and epidemiological rules and standards, the implementation of sanitary and anti-epidemic (preventive) measures, as well as the fulfillment of the requirements and decisions of officials carrying out the State Sanitary and Epidemiological Supervision are checked.
Control activities are carried out both on a planned and unscheduled basis, while the duration of control activities cannot exceed one month. In exceptional cases, the duration of control activities may be extended, but not more than one month.
Planned measures to monitor the implementation of the requirements of sanitary rules are carried out no more than once every two years in relation to one legal entity or individual entrepreneur. A control plan is drawn up annually. It includes the name of legal entities and individual entrepreneurs operating in the assigned territory (facilities), the name, initials of the official responsible for organizing and conducting the control event.
The plan may be amended, the need for which is determined by the creation of new, liquidation of existing legal entities and individual entrepreneurs.
Lists of legal entities and individual entrepreneurs in respect of which control measures are carried out are compiled on the basis of information received from state registration authorities in each municipality, and are recorded in the register.
Planned control measures in relation to one legal entity or individual entrepreneur are carried out at the indicated time, regardless of the timing of their unscheduled inspections.
During the planned control, the general sanitary and technical condition and sanitary maintenance of the enterprise, the implementation of the hygiene rules of the technological process, the observance of industrial and personal hygiene by workers of food enterprises, the quality of incoming raw materials and manufactured products, the work of production laboratories, the state of sanitary documentation, the implementation of specific proposals made earlier improving the sanitary condition of the enterprise, etc.
Unscheduled control measures are carried out on the basis of the order of the chief sanitary doctor or his deputy. The reason may be an outbreak of food poisoning, intestinal infection, a statement by the investigating authorities, the presence of an epidemiologically dangerous product at the facility, etc.
Control activities are carried out on the basis of an order consisting of a stating and administrative parts.
In the ascertaining part, the grounds for issuing the order are indicated: for planned events - the approved inspection plan, for unscheduled events - the grounds established by paragraph 5 of Article 7 of the Federal Law of 08.08.01. No. 134-ФЗ “On the Protection of the Rights of Legal Entities and Individual Entrepreneurs during the State Control and Supervision”.
The administrative part shall indicate:
• number and date of the order to carry out control activities;
• position, surname, name and patronymic of the person who is entrusted with conducting the audit, and in case of a comprehensive audit - the same for all persons included in the group;
• name of the legal entity or full name of the individual entrepreneur in respect of whom control is assigned;
• purpose, objectives and subject of control activities;
• timing of control activities;
• signature of the chief physician (deputy) who approved the order.
The timing of control activities is determined taking into account the amount of work ahead.
When conducting control activities, officials are not entitled to:
• carry out scheduled inspections in the absence of officials or employees of audited legal entities or individual entrepreneurs, or their representatives;
• require the submission of documents, information, samples (samples) of products, if they are not objects of control measures and do not relate to the subject of verification, as well as to seize the originals of documents related to the subject of inspection;
• require samples (samples) of products for their research (testing), examination without drawing up an act on the selection of samples (samples) of products in the established form and in an amount exceeding the norms established by regulatory documents.
Based on the results of control measures, an Act of the established form is made in two copies, which consists of an introductory and descriptive part.
The following information shall be indicated in the introductory part of the act: date, time, place of drawing up the act; name of the institution of state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance; date and number of the order on the basis of which the control event was held; position, full name of the person who carried out the control activities; date, time and place of control measures; full name of the verified legal entity or full name of the inspected individual entrepreneur and their representatives who were present during the control.
The descriptive part should contain information on the results of the control measures identified, violations of sanitary legislation, officials who are responsible for committing the violations.
The act must indicate information on familiarization or on refusal to familiarize with the act of representatives of the audited party.
Attached to this act are acts on sampling of products (samples) of products, protocols (conclusions) of studies (tests, examinations, explanations of employees who are responsible for violation of mandatory requirements, and other documents or copies thereof related to the results of control measures.
One copy of the act with copies of the applications is handed to the verified party against receipt, or is sent by post with a delivery confirmation, which are attached to the copy of the act remaining in the case of the Center for Sanitary and Epidemiological Supervision.
The act based on the results of the control measures and the application to the chief doctor of the Sanitary Inspection is submitted no later than 3 working days after its signing by the audited legal entity or individual entrepreneur.
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Rules for conducting control measures in the implementation of state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance
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