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SANITARY AND EPIDEMIOLOGICAL SUPERVISION AND SANITARY AND EPIDEMIOLOGICAL LEGISLATION

An effective and efficient system of state regulation and control of food quality and safety has developed in Russia, which is based on an integrated approach to products, assessment and regulation of food quality at all stages of its production, processing, storage, transportation and sale. This system includes bodies of state supervision and control:

1. Bodies and institutions of the state sanitary and epidemiological service of the Russian Federation.

2. Bodies and institutions of the state veterinary service of the Russian Federation.

3. The State Committee of the Russian Federation for Standardization and Metrology and its territorial bodies.

4. The State Bread Inspection under the Government of the Russian Federation and its territorial bodies.

5. The State Inspectorate for Trade, Quality of Goods and Consumer Protection of the Russian Federation and its territorial bodies.

The purpose of this state supervision and control is the prevention, detection and suppression of violations of the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of ensuring the quality and safety of food products, as well as the prevention of diseases (poisonings) of people associated with the use of low-quality, dangerous products.

The bodies of state supervision and control in their work are guided by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, Federal laws: “On the quality and safety of food products”, “On the sanitary and epidemiological well-being of the population”, “On the protection of consumer rights”, “On the certification of products and services” and others federal laws, decrees and orders of the President of the Russian Federation, decrees and orders of the Government of the Russian Federation, state and industry standards (GOST, OST), sanitary, building specific and intersectoral norms and rules (SP, SNiP, SN, SanPiN), etc.

State supervision and control includes:

1. Monitoring compliance with the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of ensuring the quality and safety of food products, including:

• Fulfillment of requirements of state standards, state sanitary and epidemiological rules, norms and hygienic standards and veterinary rules, norms and rules of veterinary sanitary examination (hereinafter referred to as regulatory documents) when developing new products, preparing them for production, manufacturing, storage, transportation and sales, services in the field of trade and public catering, as well as the disposal or destruction of low-quality, dangerous products;

• compliance with the rules for the sale of certain types of goods and the rules for the provision of services in the field of public catering;

• compliance with the procedure established by the legislation of the Russian Federation for confirming the conformity of products and services provided in the field of trade and public catering with the requirements of regulatory documents;

• the implementation of sanitary-anti-epidemic (preventive), veterinary-sanitary and anti-epizootic measures aimed at preventing the occurrence, spread and elimination of infectious and non-infectious diseases (poisonings) of people associated with the use (use) of products, as well as animal diseases common to animals and person.

2. Establishment of the causes and conditions for the occurrence of diseases of people and animals.

3. Suppression of violations of the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of ensuring the quality and safety of food products and the application of administrative measures to persons who have committed such offenses.

4. Officials and specialists of bodies of state supervision and control in the performance of their official duties have rights and bear responsibility in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.

5. State supervision and control shall be carried out by means of:

a) inspections of the activities of citizens, including individual entrepreneurs, and legal entities for the manufacture and circulation of food products, the provision of services in the field of trade and public catering, including, if necessary:

• inspection of territories, buildings, premises, structures, vehicles;

• consideration of documents necessary for assessing the quality and safety of products, the conditions for their manufacture and turnover;

• conducting research (testing) of products;

• examination of products (sanitary-epidemiological, toxicological, veterinary-sanitary, merchandising, etc.), draft regulatory and technical documents, according to which it is planned to manufacture new products;

b) investigation and crossing of violations of the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of ensuring the quality and safety of food products;

c) analysis of the causes and conditions of the occurrence and spread of diseases of people and animals, as well as the implementation of measures aimed at their elimination and prevention.

6.
Inspections and investigations are carried out by officials and specialists of state supervision and control bodies on issues within their competence, in accordance with methodological instructive documents approved by the state supervision and control bodies in the established manner.

7. Scheduled inspections are carried out, as a rule, on a range of issues of ensuring the quality and safety of products. If necessary, commissions are formed to conduct such inspections, which include representatives of interested bodies of state supervision and control.

8. Unscheduled inspections are carried out upon receipt by the state supervision and control authorities of information about emergencies, changes or violations of technological processes of manufacturing, storage, transportation and sale of products related to its use (use), cases of diseases (poisoning) of people and other violations of Russian law Federation in the field of quality and food safety.

9. Officials and specialists of bodies of state supervision and control may visit for the purpose of the territory and premises only during the performance of their official duties and upon presentation of official certificates.

10. The results of inspections and investigations are documented in documents (acts, conclusions) of the established form, the originals of which are handed over to citizens, including individual entrepreneurs, and to the heads of the audited organizations.

11. In case of violations in the field of ensuring the quality and safety of products, officials and specialists of state supervision and control bodies, within their competence, apply administrative measures of restraint and influence in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.

12. Sampling of products and other materials necessary for assessing quality, safety, manufacturing and sales conditions, conducting research (testing) and reporting their results are carried out in accordance with regulatory documents that establish requirements for selection, methods and techniques of research (testing) of products and evaluation of the results.

13. Research (testing) of products and other materials is carried out in laboratories (test centers) of state supervision and control bodies, and, if necessary, in other laboratories (test centers) accredited in the prescribed manner.

14. The results of research (testing) of products are promptly brought to the attention of citizens, including individual entrepreneurs, and legal entities.

15. The actions of officials and specialists of state supervision bodies may be appealed in an administrative and (or) judicial procedure in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.



test questions

1. What bodies of state supervision and control does the system of regulating the quality and safety of food products of the Russian Federation include? What are their goals?

2. What federal laws govern the bodies of state supervision and control?

3. List the main functions of state supervision of the quality and safety of food raw materials and food products in our country.



Test questions

1. The purpose of state supervision and control of quality and food safety is to prevent poisoning in public catering facilities (Yes / No)?

2. Are unscheduled inspections of food facilities conducted during the investigation of food poisoning (Yes / No)?

3. A survey of catering facilities by the representatives of the Center for Central Scientific and Technical Safety ends with an act that is certified by the signatures of the commission members (Yes / No)?

4. Product research is carried out in the laboratories of the State Supervision and Control Authorities (Yes / No)?

5. Can all food service facilities that allow a sanitary examination be requested by the prosecutor's office and the court (Yes / No)?
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SANITARY AND EPIDEMIOLOGICAL SUPERVISION AND SANITARY AND EPIDEMIOLOGICAL LEGISLATION

  1. Instruction on the procedure for the implementation by bodies and institutions of the sanitary-epidemiological service of the state sanitary supervision of the sanitary condition of health facilities
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  2. State Sanitary and Epidemiological Surveillance
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  3. Rules for conducting control measures in the implementation of state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance
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  4. State sanitary supervision of the sanitary protection of water bodies and wastewater treatment
    The state sanitary supervision of the sanitation of settlements and the sanitary status of reservoirs of settlements provides for: 1. Identification and accounting of objects at which wastewater is generated, their volume, the required cleaning efficiency, the place of possible release into reservoirs or the method of disposal. 2. Compilation and timely addition of a sanitary treatment passport
  5. State sanitary supervision in the field of sanitary protection of soil and cleaning of settlements
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  6. SANITARY LEGISLATION AND APPLICABLE REGULATORY DOCUMENTS
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  7. Organizational and legal foundations of state sanitary legislation
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  8. STATE SANITARY SUPERVISION IN THE USSR
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  9. THE CONCEPT OF A SANITARY MODE OF A PUBLIC FOOD SERVICE. SANITARY AND EPIDEMIOLOGICAL "RISK FACTORS" IN PUBLIC FOOD.
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  10. ORGANIZATION OF SANITARY AND EPIDEMIOLOGICAL SERVICES IN THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS
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  12. BODIES AND SERVICES OF STATE SANITARY SUPERVISION OF THE MINISTRY OF HEALTH OF UKRAINE.
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