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Requirements for the selection of a site for construction and the sanitary condition of the territory of an industrial enterprise




The conclusion of the sanitary and epidemiological service on the allocation of a site for the construction of the enterprise is given based on the requirements for site selection and the general plan of the enterprise SN 245-71 “Sanitary standards for designing industrial enterprises” and SNiP P-89-80 “Master plans for industrial enterprises”.
The dimensions of the sanitary protection zone are established from the boundary of residential development to: a) sources of atmospheric pollution by concentrated emissions (pipes, mines) and dispersed emissions (through the lights of buildings), as well as to places of unloading of raw materials or open warehouses of enterprises that release harmful and unpleasant into the atmosphere smelling substances; b) buildings and structures and sites in which there is equipment that is a source of noise, vibration and other physical factors; c) chimneys of thermal power plants, industrial and heating boiler rooms. Enterprises should be located taking into account the prevailing wind direction.
The territory for construction must be chosen taking into account the agroclimatic characteristics and the terrain, direct solar radiation, natural ventilation, the conditions of dispersion in the atmosphere of industrial emissions and fogging.
The value of the sanitary protection zone is determined depending on the characteristics of enterprises, individual buildings and structures, their capacities, the intensity of the release of harmful substances into the environment and is divided into 5 classes: 1 class - 1000 m; II class - 500 m; III class — 300 m; IV class - 100 m; V class - 50 m.
Sanitary protection zone, by decision of the Main Sanitary and Epidemiological Directorate of the Ministry of Health
USSR and Gosstroy of the USSR, may be:
1) increased — in the absence of methods for cleaning emissions, if it is necessary to place residential buildings on the leeward side of the enterprise in the zone of possible atmospheric pollution, during the construction of new sanitary facilities that have not been studied adequately, if it is not possible to reduce the intensity of the hazards emitted by the enterprise, etc .; 2) reduced - if the intensity of environmental pollution due to effective measures is reduced to values ​​not exceeding acceptable levels, as well as noise levels and other physical factors.

Dimensions of sanitary protection zones for individual groups or complexes of large enterprises of I or II classes of chemical, engineering, metallurgical, oil refining and other industries and thermal power plants with emissions that cause large atmospheric pollution or cause intense physical hazards (noise, radiation, etc.) , established by a joint decision of the Main Sanitary and Epidemiological Directorate M3 of the USSR and Gosstroy of the USSR. The territory of the sanitary protection zone should be landscaped and landscaped according to the project of the organization that designs the construction of the enterprise.
When assessing the layout of the production site, the interests of rational operation of intra-plant transport should be taken into account: the primary location of the main workshops along the technological scheme, auxiliary workshops - close to consumer shops, raw materials and Warehouses - on the periphery of the territory, near access roads.
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Requirements for the selection of a site for construction and the sanitary condition of the territory of an industrial enterprise

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