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In conditions of sporadic morbidity, the active and systematic collection, analysis and evaluation of the necessary information, its constant exchange between all interested services and departments are important. First of all, epidemiological surveillance includes tracking the breadth of vaccination coverage, immunological monitoring of vaccinations and the protection of children. Retrospective and operational incidence analyzes are aimed at identifying risk factors for the incidence of the population. One of the principles of measles surveillance is to use the classification of cases of this infection.
• A case of an acute illness in which one or more typical clinical signs of measles is noted is classified as “suspicious”.
• A case of an acute illness in which clinical signs have been identified that meet the “standard definition” of measles, and an epidemiological relationship with another suspicious or confirmed case of the disease is classified as “probable”.
• A measles case classified as “suspicious” or “probable”, after laboratory confirmation of the diagnosis, is reclassified as “confirmed”.
Sample serological examinations are aimed at obtaining information about the immunological structure of various social and age groups of the population.
It is also necessary to analyze the information on the biological activity of individual series of FAs. In recent years, in connection with the prospect of eliminating measles on a global scale, there has become a need for virological monitoring of “wild” strains of the measles pathogen
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- State Sanitary and Epidemiological Surveillance
State sanitary and epidemiological surveillance of the Russian Federation is a system of bodies and institutions that ensure the sanitary and epidemiological welfare of the population. Sanitary and epidemic well-being - a set of sanitary-hygienic and anti-epidemic measures aimed at preventing and eliminating environmental pollution, and improving
- Rules for conducting control measures in the implementation of state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance
Control measures during the implementation of state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance are carried out in accordance with Federal Law of March 30, 1999 N 52-ФЗ “On the sanitary and epidemiological well-being of the population” by officials of bodies and institutions authorized to carry out state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance. When conducting control activities
- SANITARY AND EPIDEMIOLOGICAL SUPERVISION AND SANITARY AND EPIDEMIOLOGICAL LEGISLATION
An effective and efficient system of state regulation and control of food quality and safety has developed in Russia, which is based on an integrated approach to products, assessment and regulation of food quality at all stages of its production, processing, storage, transportation and sale. This system includes bodies of state supervision and control:
- Instruction on the procedure for the implementation by bodies and institutions of the sanitary-epidemiological service of the state sanitary supervision of the sanitary condition of health facilities
(Approved by Order of the USSR M3 of March 23, 76 No. 228) In accordance with the Regulation on State Sanitary Inspection in the USSR, approved by Decree of the Council of Ministers of the USSR dated May 31, 73 No. 361, the sanitary and epidemiological service is entrusted with the supervision of sanitary and epidemiological control events and compliance by institutions and institution managers
- STATE SANITARY SUPERVISION IN THE USSR
The functions of state sanitary supervision are defined by the "Fundamentals of the legislation of the USSR and the Union republics on health care" (1970) and the "Regulation on state sanitary supervision in the USSR", approved by the Council of Ministers of the USSR dated 05.31.73 (No. 361). The sanitary and epidemic well-being of the population of the USSR is ensured by the implementation of comprehensive sanitary and hygienic and
- ANIMAL DISEASE SURVEILLANCE
Article 1.4.1. Introduction and objectives 1. Usually, the purpose of surveillance is to prove the absence of a disease or infection, to determine the frequency and distribution of a disease or infection, as well as the earliest possible detection of exotic or emergent diseases. The type of supervision to be carried out depends on the specifics of the tasks set to justify decision-making. These guidelines apply to all.
- State sanitary supervision of the planning, development and improvement of populated areas
One of the basic principles of the sanitary-epidemiological institutions is the implementation of sanitary supervision of the planning and development of populated areas. The rights and obligations of the sanitary and epidemiological service in the field of sanitary surveillance are determined by the "Fundamentals of the legislation of Ukraine on health care", the law of Ukraine "On ensuring sanitary and epidemic well-being
- Supervision of arthropod carriers of animal diseases
Article 1.5.1. Introduction Diseases transmitted by insect vectors are gaining increasing economic, sanitary and zoosanitary importance. Ecological (including climatic), social and economic changes can cause changes in the spread and impact of these diseases. A better understanding of the distribution and dynamics of insect vector populations is
- HARMONIZATION OF NATIONAL MONITORING AND ANTIBIOR RESISTANCE SURVEILLANCE PROGRAMS
Article 6.8.1. Purpose This chapter defines the criteria for: 1. creating national programs for monitoring and surveillance of antibiotic resistance; 2. harmonization of current national programs for monitoring and surveillance of antibiotic resistance in animals and in relation to livestock products intended for human consumption.
- State sanitary supervision and laboratory control in the field of water supply in populated areas
In accordance with the current legislation, the state executive authorities, local and regional self-government are required to provide sufficient quantities of benign drinking water to residents of populated areas (Law of Ukraine "On Ensuring the Sanitary and Epidemic Welfare of the Population", Article 18). To solve the problem of rational water supply in populated areas, important
- BODIES AND SERVICES OF STATE SANITARY SUPERVISION OF THE MINISTRY OF HEALTH OF UKRAINE.
Sanitary supervision of the nutrition of the population is part of the state sanitary inspection in Ukraine, which is carried out in accordance with the “Fundamentals of the Ukrainian legislation on healthcare”, approved by the Decree of the Supreme Council of Ukraine No. 2802-XII of November 19, 1992. This decision states that prior to bringing the legislation of Ukraine on health,
- State sanitary supervision of the construction and operation of residential and public buildings
Control over the construction and operation of residential and public buildings occupies a significant place in the work of a doctor in communal hygiene. Preventive and current sanitary supervision is carried out in accordance with the law of Ukraine "On ensuring sanitary and epidemic well-being of the population" (1994); "Code of Ukraine on Administrative Offenses" (1984, as amended and
- SANITARY AND PARASITOLOGICAL SUPERVISION OF OBJECTS OF THE ENVIRONMENT
The causative agents of parasitic diseases, as mentioned above, are widespread in the environment and can survive in it for a long time, while maintaining their invasiveness. In this regard, in our opinion, sanitary-parasitological surveillance (SPN) of environmental objects is an important component of preventive work in cases of parasitosis. Sanitary and parasitological surveillance
- ORGANIZATION OF WORK ON SANITARY SUPERVISION IN THE FIELD OF LABOR HYGIENE
Tasks: sanitary supervision of measures to improve working conditions, prevent and reduce occupational morbidity of workers; analysis of the sanitary condition of the facilities, development of relevant requirements and monitoring of their implementation. Objects: industrial enterprises, construction organizations, power plants, automobile enterprises, television and
- State sanitary supervision in the field of atmospheric air protection
Preventive state sanitary supervision in the field of sanitary protection of atmospheric air is sanitary supervision carried out by bodies and agencies of the sanitary and epidemiological service at the stage of selection and allotment of a land plot for the construction (or reconstruction) of industrial facilities, sanitary examination of design materials, control over the construction of industrial facilities and the introduction of
- Organization of sanitary supervision of toys, clothes and shoes
Preventive sanitary supervision is carried out at the level of the Ministry of Health of the USSR and the ministries of health of the Union republics. Their functions include the approval of regulatory and technical documentation (GOSTs, OSTs, TU) for the manufacture of new samples of toys, clothes, shoes and other goods for children; expert hygienic assessment of raw materials, materials and new product samples with