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Clinical manifestations

Classical pneumococcal pneumonia begins suddenly; noted a rise in body temperature, a productive cough and chest pain. In debilitated individuals and the elderly, the disease develops slowly, with a slight fever, impaired consciousness and signs of pulmonary heart disease. Streptococcal meningitis is recorded in all age groups; they are characterized by a rapid onset with a rise in body temperature, stiff neck muscles, headache, nausea and vomiting. Lesions of the vessels of the meninges are often accompanied by loss of consciousness; among children and in old age, mortality can reach 80%.
Quite often, people with immunodeficiencies (for example, HIV-infected) or patients with splenectomy have hematogenous pneumococcal lesions, as well as sinusitis, mastoiditis, otitis media, endocarditis and peritonitis. After the disease, an unstable immunity develops, which is of a type-specific nature and is due to the appearance of antibodies against a typical capsular polysaccharide.
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Clinical manifestations

  1. CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS OF MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS
    The triads and pentads described by classics of MS studies are currently not sufficient for the clinical characteristics of MS patients. In the clinical picture of this disease, 2 groups of symptoms can be identified: classic and rare. The first group includes the most common symptoms, which are a direct manifestation of damage to the conducting systems of the brain. This also includes
  2. Clinical manifestations
    In the initial stage of diabetes, the course of atherosclerosis is latent. In this regard, the allocation of the preclinical period of atherosclerosis is justified. During this period, changes at the biochemical level are possible. In the blood plasma, three main classes of lipids are determined: cholesterol and its esters, trnglcerides, phospholipids. Of great clinical importance is the determination of blood cholesterol in HDL, LDL, VLDL. HDL for
  3. CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS
    The clinical picture of HIV infection can be very diverse, ranging from acute seroconversion and ending with fully expressed true AIDS many years later. The infection may be asymptomatic or clinically apparent. The initial period after the first contact with the virus is usually asymptomatic and can last up to six weeks. When symptoms finally appear, they
  4. Clinical manifestations of hyponatremia
    With hyponatremia, neurological disorders predominate, due to overhydration of brain cells. The severity of the condition depends on the rate of development of extracellular fluid hypoosmolality. Mild to moderate hyponatremia, when the plasma sodium concentration is> 125 meq / l, is often asymptomatic. Early clinical symptoms are usually non-specific and include anorexia, nausea, and weakness.
  5. Pathogenesis of clinical manifestations
    Pheochromocytoma usually makes its debut with symptoms associated with excessive production of catecholamines and their systemic effect on organs and systems with a predominance of, as a rule, cardiovascular changes. By no means always hemodynamic fluctuations in pheochromocytoma are a direct consequence of the increased production of catecholamines directly by the tumor. One of the non-specific factors is
  6. Eczema. Clinical manifestations
    Clinic. Eczema can begin acutely or chronically and subsequently usually lasts a long time with a tendency to relapse. Any area of ​​the skin can be affected. In the acute phase, eczema is manifested by a rash on the hyperemic and slightly edematous skin of small closely grouped papules that quickly transform into tiny vesicles (the so-called microvesicles), which are located in groups and do not
  7. Features of the clinical manifestations of syphilitic infection
    At present, dermatovenereology is experiencing certain difficulties in the diagnosis of syphilis, since syphilitic manifestations do not always correspond to the clinic previously described in the specialized literature. Taking antibiotics, self-medication, drinking alcohol, unbalanced nutrition, the negative effects of environmental and other factors affect the immunological status, which
  8. CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS OF LUNG CANCER
    The clinical symptoms of lung cancer are largely determined by the location of the tumor, its size, growth form, and the nature of metastasis. Manifestations of lung cancer are very diverse: it is an enlarged focal formation in the lungs, visible with dynamic chest x-ray; symptoms of compression and obstruction of tissues and organs adjacent to the tumor; increase
  9. Clinical manifestations of hyperkalemia
    The most significant effect of hyperkalemia on skeletal muscle and myocardium. Generalized muscle weakness occurs when the concentration of potassium in the plasma is> 8 meq / l. Its cause is persistent spontaneous depolarization and inactivation of the sodium channels of the muscle cell membrane (as with succinylcholine), which ultimately leads to ascending paralysis. When the concentration of potassium in the plasma> 7
  10. FEATURES OF CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS OF HEREDITARY DISEASES
    Despite the diversity of the clinical picture of hereditary diseases, their common features can be distinguished, which makes it possible to identify or exclude the presence of pathology in the subject. The basis for the formation of a community of clinical characteristics of various forms of hereditary diseases is the genetic control of key links in metabolism and morphogenetic processes. Although hereditary diseases,
  11. Clinical manifestations of VPU syndrome
    The clinical manifestations of VPU syndrome depend on the physiological characteristics of the additional pathway. The most serious complications in such patients are a consequence of the development of regular paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia and (or) atrial fibrillation. The occurrence of atrial fibrillation can even lead to sudden death, which is discussed below [6, 31–35]. Paroxysmal tachycardia
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