home
about the project
Medical news
For authors
Licensed books on medicine
<< Previous Next >>

The development of medicine in Russia in the 18th century

What was the name of the first state medical institution in Russia?

-Petersburg Admiralty Hospital

-Barnaul Central Hospital

+ Moscow military land hospital

In what year was the first hospital school in Russia opened?

-1725 +1707 -1710 -1741



The main teaching method in hospital schools:

-scholastic

+ clinical

Where was the first hospital school in Russia opened in the 18th century?

+ in Moscow

-in St. Petersburg

-in Barnaul

-in Kazan

In what year was the Kolyvano-Voskresensky hospital school opened?

-1706 -1741 +1751 -1804

The first headquarters of the Kolyvano-Voskresensky factories was:

-Ziederkopf

-N. Cutters

+ A. Eshke

-FROM. Shangin

-F. Gebler

In what year was the Barnaul Central Hospital opened?

+1741 -1718 -1755 -1845

"Instrumental hut" in Siberia in the city of Tobolsk was opened in:

-1706 -1725 -1718 +1758

Who were the hospital schools preparing for?

+ doctors

+ podlecare

nurses

pharmacists

Dentists

Peter I signed a decree on the opening of free pharmacies in:

-1725 +1701 -1719 -1698

Was Peter I a member of the Paris Academy of Sciences?

+ yes

-not

The first pharmacy in Siberia opened in the city:

Tomsk

Omsk

+ Barnaul

Novosibirsk

The first pharmacy in Siberia was opened in:

-1706 -1755 +1736 -1793

The first forensic expert in Siberia was F. Gebler?

+ yes

-not

Under Peter I in Russia were discovered:

+ hospitals

+ hospital schools

+ marine quarantines

+ sanitary cordons

+ instrumental hut

- outpatient clinics

During the reign of Peter I, the medical management body in Russia was:

Chamber of Pharmacy

-Medical College

Pharmacist Order

-Medical Department

+ Medical Office

Anti-epidemic measures carried out by the Navy in Russia in the 18th century:

+ isolation of patients

+ quarantine

+ fumigation of foci of infection

+ creation of sanitary cordons

-hospitalization

The Moscow military land hospital and the Moscow hospital school organized:

+ N. Bidloo

-N. Cutters

-P. Kondoidi

-M.V. Lomonosov

-M. Terekhovsky

Problems of medicine in the works of M.V. Lomonosov:

+ materialistic understanding of the cause of the disease

+ health effects of working conditions

+ the impact on the health of religious rites (baptism, fasting, etc.)

+ impact on lifestyle health

+ social conditioning of demographic processes

+ prohibition of the use of child labor

+ organization of obstetric care and assistance to children

- everything is wrong

In what year was Moscow University opened?

-1748 -1758 +1755 -1765

In what year was the Faculty of Medicine opened at Moscow State University?

-1751 -1786 +1764 -1790

First introduced a demonstration of patients while giving clinical lectures:

-K.I. Schepin

-AND ABOUT. Mukhin

-A. Shumlyansky

+ S.G. Zybelin

In what year was the first Academy of Sciences in Russia opened?

-1755 -1718 -1812 +1725

Taking the oath, oaths of a doctor and a pharmacist in Russia was enshrined in the Decree of the Tsar in:

+1690 g. -1716 g. -1806 g. -1755 g.

The dissertation on the structure of the kidneys was completed in 1782:

-M.M. Terekhovsky

-D. Samoilovich

+ A.M. Shumlyansky

-K.I. Schepin

-A.P. Protasov

A pharmacy order is:

-hospital

-pharmacy

+ medical authority

The healer is:

+ doctor

paramedic

-sanitary

sorceress

By decree of Peter I of 1702, the following were taken into account during the census:

-all population

+ only male population

-adults

children

In the eighteenth century, hospitals provided free assistance:

to the entire population

+ working people

for children

+ military

Who in Russia in the eighteenth century was considered the true administrator of the medical business?

-N. Bidloo

+ P.Z. Kondoidi

-M.V. Lomonosov

-L. Blumentrost

Which of the eighteenth-century Russian scientists achieved the signing of the Decree on the functional duties of the hospital doctor?

+ P.Z. Kondoidi

-N. Bidloo

-L. Blumentrost

-M.V. Lomonosov

Which of the eighteenth-century Russian scientists achieved the signing of the Decree on the democratization of hospital schools (the transition to teaching in Russian)?

-N. Bidloo

+ P.Z. Kondoidi

-L. Blumentrost

-M.V. Lomonosov

Who got the decree on the functional duties of the regimental doctor?

-L. Blumentrost

-D. Samoilovich

+ P.Z. Kondoidi

-N. Bidloo

"Instrumental hut" in St. Petersburg was opened in:

-1706 g.

1725

+1718 g.

-1716

D. Samoilovich suggested:

+ quarantine measures during the plague

plague vaccine

treatment of plague

quarantine measures against cholera

What are the medical scientists of the eighteenth century:

-E.I. Chazov

-G.A. Zakharyin

+ D. Samoilovich

+ C. G. Zybelin

+ A.M. Shumlyansky

Which of the eighteenth-century Russian scientists described the pulmonary circulation?

A.M. Shumlyansky

-N.M. Maksimovich-Ambodik

+ A.P. Protasov

-S.G. Zybelin

Which of the eighteenth-century Russian scientists developed the foundations of Russian anatomical terminology?

-D. Samoilovich

-A.P. Protasov

+ M.I. Shein

-S.F. Khotovitsky

Famous doctors of Russia in the eighteenth century:

+ D. Samoilovich

+ K.I. Schepin

+ S.G. Zybelin

+ N.M. Maksimovich-Ambodik

+ A.M. Shumlyansky

-M.V. Lomonosov

In 1753, he was appointed the chief director of the Medical Chancellery and the first life-doctor of the empress:

- Loman H.V.

+ Kondoidi P.Z.

- Herman Lestock

- Herman Burhaave-Kaau

- Fisher I.B.

In Russia, the principles of medical pedagogy G. Burhaave were introduced:

- Maksimovich-Ambodik N.M.

- Shumlyansky A.I.

- Terekhovsky M.M.

+ Kondoidi P.Z.

- Lomonosov M.V.

Case histories written in the 18th century were called:

- statements

- note sheet

- doctor tales

+ mournful leaf

- medical sheet

The first Russian anatomical atlas was published in 1744:

- Zybelin S.G.

- Protasov A.I.

+ Shein M.I.

- Dvigubsky I.A.

- Maksimovich-Ambodik N.M.

The first Russian Opportunity House in 1768 was organized:

- in St. Petersburg

- in Odessa

- in Smolensk

+ in Moscow

- in Tobolsk

The dissertation “De structura renum” (“Structure of the kidney”, Strasbourg, 1782) was prepared and published:

- Terekhovsky M.M.

- Maksimovich-Ambodik N.M.

- Samoilovich D.S.

- Karpinsky N.K.

+ Shumlyansky A.M.

The medical board began the reorganization of hospital schools, for which, in March 1785, professors were sent abroad “to review foreign universities ...”:

+ Karpinsky N.K.

- Orreus G.M.

- Shumlyansky A.M.

+ Terekhovsky M.M.

- Samoilovich D.S.

The fundamental work “Description of the pestilence, which was in the city of Moscow from 1770 to 1772, with the application of all to stop it then established institutions” (Moscow, 1775) summarized the rich and tragic experience of Russian medicine.
The author of this work:

+ Samoilovich D.S.

- Zybelin S.G.

- Shafonsky A.F.

- Yagelsky K.O.

- Flight I.A.

Conorskgo regiment doctor D.S. Samoilovich, first encountered the plague, skillfully organized:

+ infirmaries

- vaccination points

+ quarantine events

- plague hospitals

- quarantines

In the late 70s, he began to conduct classes on corpses at Moscow University:

+ Zybelin S.G.

- Erasmus I.F.

- Shadgonsky A.F.

- Bush I.F.

- Keresturi F.F.

Moscow University by decree of Catherine II in 1791 received the right:

- open a medical faculty

+ award the "degree of doctor" of medicine

- not obey the Medical College

- to impose corporal punishment

-for scholarships

The professors of the Medical School mainly trained in:

+ Leiden

- Basel

- Gavorde

- Paris

- Strasbourg

The Main Medical School was renamed the Medical and Surgical Academy in:

+ 1798 - 1799 - 1802 - 1825

The capital work, written in Latin, with a volume of 1306 sheets, "Manual for students of surgery in the anatomical theater," belongs to:

- Vesalius

- Pavel Eginsky

+ Bidloo

- Pelican

- Pirogov N.I.

The city doctors service was founded by:

+ Johann Fisher

- Arman Lestock

- Traugot Gerber

- Johann Schreiber

- Lavrentiy Blumentrost

In the 30s of the XVIII century, it was decided in Russia to open new hospital schools.

The basis of training in them was taken experience:

- Leiden University

+ Moscow hospital school

- University of Strasbourg

- Kiev Theological Seminary

- Greek-Slavic-Latin Academy

“General Regulations on Hospitals” - a document that for the first time legally regulated all aspects of the activities of Russian hospitals, including the activities of hospital schools, was adopted:

- 1707 - 1715 - 1725 +1735 - 1746

The chief doctor of the hospital was obliged:

+ lead the entire surgical work of the hospital

+ control the educational and pedagogical activities of teachers of the hospital school

- improve the quality of clinical training

+ impose punishment for negligent performance of duties

- appoint and pay salaries

With the resignation of this archivist, Catherine II, in Russian medicine, archiatricism ended:

- Erskine R.K.

+ Monsey J.F.

- Blumentrost I.L.

- Rieger I.Kh.

- Fisher I.B.

In 1725, all medical institutions of the Russian Empire (both departmental and private) were subordinate:

- to the pharmaceutical order

- academy of sciences

- Medical Academy of Sciences

+ medical office

- medical college

P.Z. Kondoidi introduced in Russia the principles of medical pedagogy G. Burhaave:

+ The doctor should be educated at the patient’s bed (clinical principle)

- the doctor should be trained not only in medicine (therapy), but also in surgery (general medical principle)

- the foundation of medical knowledge should be the natural sciences, chemistry and physics (theoretical principle)

- the doctor does not have to deal with practical anatomy

- the doctor must prepare their own medicines

The orders of public charity created in all the provinces of Russia were to:

- arrange public schools

- contain public schools

+ arrange and maintain orphaned homes



A botanist, he studied medicine, defended a doctoral dissertation on plant acid in Leiden, and in 1762 became the first Russian teacher at the Moscow Hospital School (he taught anatomy, physiology, surgery, botany, and pharmacology):

+ Schepin K.I.

- Shein M.I.

- Terekhovsky M.M.

- Zabelin S.G.

- Samoilovich D.S.

A significant drawback of teaching medicine at Moscow University was:

- theoretical nature of teaching

+ lack of own clinics

- total 12 books chained to the department

- practical teaching of medicine

- inclusion of advisory medicine in the curriculum

The fifth part of his book “The Art of Midwife” Maksimovich-Ambodik dedicated:

- breast diseases

- diseases of internal organs

+ care for children and their upbringing

- hygiene

- cooking

Thanks to the discoveries made in the structure of the kidneys, as well as information about the physiology and pathology of the kidneys, the whole of Europe recognized the scientist as one of the founders of nephrology:

- Samoilovich D.S.

- Shein M.I.

- Malpighi M.

- Bazilevich G.I.

+ Shumlyansky A.M.

On March 29, 1794, the first defense of the dissertation was held at Moscow University, it was successful for the applicant:

- Vasiliev A.I.

+ Badger-Maiseev F.I.

- Bazilevich G.I.

- Petrov V.V.

- Sapolovich Ya.O.

The first clinical chamber of Moscow University was led by:

- Keresturi F.F.

- Badger-Moiseev F.I.

- Mudrov M.Ya.

+ Mukhin E.O.

- Zybelin S.G.

The main features of the scientific activities of domestic doctors of the XVIII century were:

+ materialistic orientation

- democracy

- patriotism

- humanism

- idealism

At the beginning of the 18th century, significant changes took place in the organization of pharmacy business:

+ introduced pharmacy monopoly

- state control is established for the manufacture of drugs and their trade

+ drug trade in the "Zelenyi Ryad" and in the medicine shops is prohibited

- allowed the opening of private pharmacies

- adopted a unified pharmacies charter

The subject matter of the “Matter of the Medic” included:

- philosophy

- pharmacognosy

- botany

- geology

+ pharmacology

The duties of the staff physicists included:

+ monitoring of public health

+ taking medical and police measures

+ test of newly introduced doctors

+ observation of freelancers

+ pharmacy supervision

+ analysis of complaints of medical officials against each other

- care about the promotion of doctors in the service

+ provision of free assistance to patients entitled to state benefits

Department Name:

-Social hygiene and healthcare organization

-Social hygiene and public health

+ Public health and healthcare

-Health and public health

-Public health and law enforcement

Scientific specialty:

+ health and public health organizer

-organizer of public health and healthcare

-organizer of health and social hygiene
<< Previous Next >>
= Skip to textbook content =

The development of medicine in Russia in the 18th century

  1. Lesson 3 Topic: MEDICINE DEVELOPMENT IN RUSSIA IN THE EPOCH OF DEVELOPED FEODALISM (XVIII CENTURY)
    Goals and objectives: 1. To characterize the shifts that have occurred in the socio-economic situation of Russia and the end of the XVII beginning of the XVIII centuries, as conditions for the accelerated development of medicine. 2. To consider the formation of medicine as a system within its sections. 3. To determine the occurrence of objective prerequisites for the formation of professional assistance to the population. Medical care organization in
  2. Lesson 4 Topic: MEDICINE IN RUSSIA OF THE I HALF OF THE XIX CENTURY. DEVELOPMENT OF PHYSIOLOGY IN RUSSIA IN THE XIX CENTURY. PATHOGENESIS THEORIES
    Goals and objectives: 1. Show the most important socio-economic events from the history of Russia in the first half of the nineteenth century. (Patriotic War of 1812. The Decembrist uprising of 1825, peasant unrest, defeat in the Crimean War, etc.). And against their background, to reveal the further development of revolutionary democratic thought in the writings of A.N. Radishchev, V.G. Belinsky, A.I. Herzen and others, and its influence and statement in
  3. Lesson 8 Topic: DEVELOPMENT OF OBSTETRICS AND PEDIATRICS IN RUSSIA IN THE XVIII AND XIX CENTURIES
    Goals and objectives: 1. To acquaint students with the state of obstetrics and pediatrics in Russia in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. 2. To achieve understanding by students of the objective need for the development of obstetrics and pediatrics in Russia. The logical structure and main elements of the lesson: The problem of combating childhood morbidity and mortality in Russia in the 18th century. The role in solving this problem of the works of M.V.
  4. Lesson 9 Topic: SOCIAL, ECONOMIC AND THEORETICAL BACKGROUND OF FORMING A MEDICAL CASE IN RUSSIA IN THE XIX CENTURY. ZEMA MEDICINE
    Goals and objectives: 1. To acquaint students with the socio-political and socio-economic situation in the country. Influence on the internal situation in Russia of political events. 2. To familiarize with the state of medical affairs in Russia in the second half of the 19th century. The logical structure and the main elements of the lesson: To characterize the socio-economic shifts that occurred in Russia during
  5. The development of medicine in the 19th century
    In the 1st half of the 19th century in Russia there appeared: + clinical schools + clinical hospitals + medical scientific societies + medical journals + specialization of medical practice and science - there wasn’t anything like this. The medical department in Russia in the 1st half of the 19th century: -Medical College -Ministry of Spiritual Affairs and Public Education + Medical
  6. Lesson 6 Topic: DEVELOPMENT OF ANATOMY IN RUSSIA IN THE XIX CENTURY
    Goals and objectives: 1. To show students the problems that faced domestic scientists in this field and their contribution to solving the problems of anatomy. The logical structure and the main elements of the lesson: Introduction of anatomical autopsies in the teaching of medicine in Western Europe. Leiden anatomical school. F. Ruysch (1638 - 1731, Holland). Textbooks of Anatomy (G. Bidloo, S. Blankard). Approaches to
  7. The development of medicine in the 20th century
    At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, under the influence of rapidly developing natural sciences and technological progress, diagnostics and treatment were enriched and improved. The discovery of x-rays (V.K. Roentgen, 1895–97) laid the foundation for radiology. The possibilities of X-ray diagnostics were expanded by the use of contrast agents, methods of layered X-ray images (tomography), mass
  8. DEVELOPMENT OF DOMESTIC PHARMACY IN THE 18TH CENTURY MEDICINE IN RUSSIA BEFORE THE 18TH CENTURY
    The development of pharmacy as a science and as a practical branch of the national economy in the 18th and 19th centuries will not be fully understood, if at least in general terms it does not touch upon the position of pharmacy in Russia until the 18th century. The 17th century in Russia is characterized by the growth of cities, the beginning of the emergence of industrial enterprises and the development of trade within the country and beyond. Cities of the Moscow state
  9. PHARMACY DEVELOPMENT IN RUSSIA IN THE 18TH CENTURY AND THE FIRST HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURY
    The opening of free (private) pharmacies, begun by Peter's decrees, continued throughout the 18th century. To encourage the opening of such pharmacies in 1726, it was allowed to issue medicines for money from state-owned state pharmacies to newly opened private pharmacies. By the middle of the 18th century, there were 12 private pharmacies in Russia. In 1760, the first free pharmacy opened in St. Petersburg. This later
  10. Lesson 5 Topic: DEVELOPMENT OF THERAPY IN RUSSIA IN THE XIX CENTURY
    Goals and objectives: 1. To consider the state of therapeutic discipline in the nineteenth century. The main problems: a technique for examining a patient, etiology and pathogenesis. 2. Follow the development and implementation in medical practice of new methods for examining a patient and making a diagnosis. 3. To acquaint students with the functional area of ​​domestic therapy. Logical structure and
  11. Lesson 7 Topic: DEVELOPMENT OF SURGERY IN RUSSIA IN THE XIX CENTURY
    Goals and objectives: 1. To consider the main problems facing surgeons around the world. 2. To show students the contribution of domestic scientists in solving the most important problems of surgery. 3. Follow the continuity of the work of scientists of the nineteenth century and the present. The logical structure and main elements of the lesson: Four problems of surgery at the dawn of a new era: lack of anesthesia, wound infection
  12. SECTION II The development of the clinical direction in medicine in the 19th century
    SECTION II The development of the clinical direction in medicine in the XIX
  13. Lesson 7 HYGIENE DEVELOPMENT. PUBLIC AND EARTH MEDICINE IN RUSSIA
    Questions for discussion: 1. The development of scientific hygiene in Europe. M. Pettenkofer. The formation of professional hygiene. J. Simon., J.P. Franc. Hygienic research in Russia: A.P. Dobroslavin, F.F. Erisman 2. Zemstvo reform and the establishment of zemstvo medicine. Zemsky reform. Medical site. Exit and stationary systems. Achievements and results of zemstvo medicine. Hospital development:
  14. The development of medicine and pharmacy in Russia (IX-XIX centuries).
    The development of medicine and pharmacy in Russia (IX-XIX
  15. Veterinary medicine of Russia until the 18th century
    The development of veterinary medicine during this period can be traced back to handwritten works. In the X11 - X1U centuries in Kiev, translations from Latin and Greek languages ​​of collections of animal information, animal anatomy, written by Andrei Vesalius, textbooks and manuals on pharmacopeia, and other books on natural science appeared. Ivan III (1462-1505) established a printing house in Moscow, where it was printed, translated
  16. Veterinary of noble Russia (XVIII century)
    For Russia, the eighteenth century was the heyday of the reforms of Peter the Great. It was characterized by the strengthening of feudal-feudal relations, the development of trade and industry, the organization of educational and scientific institutions. In 1725, the Academy of Sciences was opened. To prepare new scientific personnel, a university and a gymnasium were created at it. In 1755, Moscow University was opened. IN
  17. Theme 8. Clinical medicine of the New time (XVIII - beginning of XX century.)
    (4 hours) Lesson 1. Plan: 1. The doctrine of internal medicine: the establishment of a clinical method 2. Public medicine in the New History Lesson 2. Plan: 1. Medical business and medical education in Russia XVIII century 2. Development of medicine and medical education in Russia in the XIX century. Anatomy became a fully established science, the efforts of researchers were directed
  18. Training of military educators in Russia in the 19th century
    The system of military schools in Russia took shape at the beginning of the 19th century. In the second half, she took a fully finished form. A highly qualified composition of university teachers was formed, and the prestige of a professor in higher military schools of Russia at that time was so high that the country's best talents competed for the right to fill the vacant posts that appeared. For
  19. Theme 7. Medicine of the New Age: biomedical direction (XVIII - early XX century.)
    (4 hours) Lesson 1. Plan: 1. Formation of scientific anatomy 2. Development of the doctrine of general pathology 3. Stages of evolution of histology Lesson 2. Plan: 1. Empirical and experimental microbiology 2. Advances in physiology and experimental medicine 3. Domestic medicine of the New Age In anatomy and physiology, both centuries left an indelible mark. One of the most important
  20. Senyavskaya ES. Psychology of war in the XX century - historical experience of Russia, 2007
    In its history, Russia has experienced many armed conflicts, but it was in the 20th century that the massive socio-psychological phenomenon of the “man of war” arises. This book tells how this phenomenon was reflected in the popular consciousness and influenced the fate of several generations of our compatriots. Its main theme is a man in the extreme conditions of war, his thoughts, feelings, behavior.
Medical portal "MedguideBook" © 2014-2019
info@medicine-guidebook.com