home
about the project
Medical news
For authors
Licensed books on medicine
<< Previous Next >>

Ethical, professional and personal qualities of a psychologist

The most important quality of a psychologist's activity is professional competence. It includes: professional knowledge, skills, abilities.

Among the characteristics of professional competence also include: a range of professional opportunities, perfect mastery of the tools, techniques and technologies of professional activity. The professional competence of the psychologist is manifested in the creative nature of his activity, in the active search for innovative approaches and innovative technologies, personal initiative and professional sociability.

The psychologist must be a versatile specialist. Therefore, his professional erudition includes not only knowledge of psychology, but also a certain body of knowledge in the fields of philosophy, history, cultural studies, pedagogy, economics, sociology, political science, law, philology, physical education, mathematics and computer science, and concepts of modern natural science.

Professional skills determine the success of a psychologist’s practical activity, his ability to apply psychological knowledge to fulfill his duties: specific actions, techniques, psychological “techniques”.

Professional skills are solidified, easily and confidently performed professional actions that allow the psychologist to effectively perform work. The more experience, the more professional skills a specialist acquires.

Consider the basic requirements for the preparedness of the psychologist in the disciplines that are necessary for his successful professional activity.

In the field of psychology, a specialist should:

1) understand the goals, methodology and methods of professional activity of a psychologist;

2) own tools, methods of organizing and conducting psychological research;

3) understand the specifics of the subject of psychology, its connection with other disciplines; know the main branches of psychology and the possibilities of applying psychological knowledge in various fields of life;

4) know the history of development and modern problems of psychological science;

5) know the laws of evolution of the psyche of animals, the similarities and qualitative differences in the psyche of animals and humans; phylogenesis and ontogenesis of the human psyche;

6) understand the brain mechanisms of mental processes and conditions;

7) to know the nature of human activity, the functions of the psyche in human life;

8) know the laws of the formation and functioning of its motivational sphere;

9) know the psychological laws of cognitive processes (sensations, perceptions, memory, imagination, thinking, speech);

10) know the mechanisms of attention, emotional phenomena, the processes of volitional regulation;

11) have a concept of personality and individuality, personality structure and the driving forces of its development;

12) know the psychological laws of communication and interaction of people in groups, intergroup relations;

13) know the laws of mental development of a person at each age level;

14) know the basic laws of educational psychology;

15) know the criteria of the norm and pathology of mental processes, conditions, human activities, ways and means of compensation and restoration of the norm;

16) have an idea of ​​the psychological problems of labor activity of a person;

17) know the main areas and types of psychologist;

18) know the basics of psychodiagnostics and psychological counseling;

19) know the basics of psychotherapy, correctional and developmental work of a psychologist;

20) master the methods of psychological education and teaching psychology.

In addition, within the framework of the corresponding specialization, the psychologist must possess a number of in-depth knowledge and practical skills.

In the activities of any professional group, their own standards and rules of professional behavior are developed, which together form professional ethics.

The professional activity of a psychologist is work with the inner world of a person, with a human person. And this object of work requires observance of special principles and rules of ethics. Psychology has at its disposal such tools, the use of which requires special care. Consider the most important principles of professional ethics of a psychologist.

1) The principle of professional competence. It is important for a psychologist to know his rights and obligations, opportunities and limitations. He should be clearly aware of his professional capabilities and act only within the level of professional preparedness. When applying the psychodiagnostic technique, corrective, developing, consulting programs, the psychologist must know their theoretical foundations and master the technology for their implementation.

To organize holistic and competent psychological assistance, he must be able to establish contacts and work together with colleagues and representatives of related specialties. The principle of professional competence requires a psychologist to tackle only those issues on which he is professionally knowledgeable and for the solution of which he knows practical methods of work. In this regard, the psychologist must notify the customer of his real capabilities in the field of questions posed, the extent of his competence.

When solving psychological problems, the psychologist relies on the analysis of scientific data and practical experience. The results of the study are formulated in terms and concepts accepted in psychological science and practical psychology. Conclusions should be based on registered primary materials, their correct processing, interpretation and positive conclusion of competent colleagues.

2) The principle of non-damage to humans. The psychologist carries out his activities based primarily on the interests of the customer. However, one should adhere to the principle of non-damage to any person who is somehow included in the study or practical work. It is important to keep in mind the irreversibility of many mental processes. Therefore, the main ethical principle of a psychologist is “do no harm”. Formulated by Hippocrates in relation to medical ethics, it is of exceptional importance in the work of a psychologist. The process and results of the psychologist should not harm the health, condition, social status, interests of a person.

The psychologist must use the safest and most acceptable methods, techniques, work technologies; take special care to ensure that the customer is not harmed by people who are aware of the results; Prevent incorrect customer actions. For this, the psychologist formulates his recommendations, organizes the storage, use and publication of the research results in such a way that they are applied only within the framework of the tasks set by the customer.

If the client (subject) is sick, then the use of research methods or practical psychological work is permissible only with the permission of the doctor or with the consent of other persons representing the interests of the client. A psychologist can carry out psychotherapeutic work with a patient only in coordination with the attending physician and with specialization in medical psychology.

3) The principle of scientific validity and objectivity. The psychologist can only use valid and reliable methods and tools. It is necessary to use methods that are adequate to the goals and conditions of the study, age, gender, education, condition of the subject. Methods should be standardized, normalized, reliable, valid, adapted. The psychologist must apply data processing and interpretation methods that have received scientific recognition. The results of the work should not depend on the personal qualities and personal sympathies of the psychologist. The results obtained must always be scientifically substantiated, verified and comprehensively balanced. The psychologist is guided only by the interests of the case.

The psychologist should not be biased towards any person.
It is necessary to take an objective position, independent of the subjective opinion or requirements of third parties. Formulating conclusions and carrying out psychological work on the basis of the subjective impression of the subject, his legal or social status, positive or negative attitude of the customer to the subject is inadmissible.

In his work, it is important for the psychologist to distinguish between the sphere of personal and professional life. He should not transfer his personal relationships and problems to professional activities.

Close personal relationships between the psychologist and the client are undesirable. It is important that the psychologist can maintain an objective and detached position necessary for the effective resolution of client problems.

4) The principle of respect for the client. The psychologist must respect the dignity of the test client and be honest in communicating with him. In the process of psychological work, the psychologist should strive to maintain the client's feelings of sympathy and trust, satisfaction from communication with the psychologist.

When conducting a study, it is necessary to report on its purpose (in a fairly general and accessible form), to promptly warn the subject about how the received information will be used.

The optimal style of relations between a practical psychologist and a client is equal interaction. The client should feel like a full partner of a psychologist. One of the common mistakes of practical psychologists is the position of patronage and guardianship. Moreover, the psychologist, considering himself a connoisseur of life, begins to influence the client so that he accepts his criteria: what is “right” and what is “wrong”. This leads to the fact that the psychologist begins to evaluate the actions of a person as good or bad. This is a manifestation of unprofessionalism, a tendency to act on the basis of everyday psychology.

It is important for a practical psychologist to avoid evaluative statements about the client’s actions and to refrain from direct advice to him, since in this case he takes responsibility for his fate and personality. For the development of a person, it is necessary that he be aware and show personal responsibility for the decisions made. An unqualified psychologist is prone to boilerplate assessments of client actions and a stereotypical style of responding to client situations.

The psychologist should avoid provoking a confrontational relationship of clients. For example, the professional tact of a psychologist should also consist in not opposing the student and teacher in the pedagogical process.

5) The principle of maintaining professional confidentiality.

The psychologist must maintain the confidentiality of psycho-diagnostic techniques. This means that professional methods should not fall into the hands of lay people. Secrets to their suitability must be kept confidential. It is a matter of professional honor for a psychologist to discourage attempts at incorrect and unethical use of psychodiagnostic techniques.

It is necessary to maintain the confidentiality of the results of psycho-diagnostic research, to avoid conscious or accidental dissemination of material received from the test person (or client) in order to avoid compromising it. At the same time, it is important to keep a strict record of the information received (up to the application of the coding system), restrict access to it by the customer, client or other third parties, and correctly use the information received.

For a more reliable guarantee of the confidentiality of research materials, it is useful to use a coding system: on all materials, starting from the protocols and ending with the final report, not the last names, first names, and patronymics of the subjects are indicated, but the code assigned to them, consisting of a number of numbers and letters. A document in which there is a surname, name, patronymic of the subject and the corresponding code, known only to a psychologist, is executed in a single copy, stored separately from experimental materials, inaccessible to outsiders and transmitted only to the customer, if necessary according to the working conditions.

The considered principles of the psychologist’s ethics characterize the most general provisions that he must take into account in his scientific, practical and pedagogical activities.

Professional and personal in the activities of a psychologist are very often closely related. It is difficult to be alone in the personal plan, and completely different in professional activities. Therefore, personal qualities form an important foundation for the professional success of a psychologist.

Another person’s world is a mystery to a psychologist. He does not ascribe his inner world to another person, does not rely on the usual everyday experience, and each time he treats the psyche of another as a riddle, the solution of which you need to find yourself. The mental orientation of the mind is the result of its life, generated by the unusualness of the inner world, lack of adaptation to the outside world, sensitivity to the states and behavior of another, and the desire to overcome this lack of adaptation by rational methods, by studying the characteristics of the psyche of other people. Hence, tolerance and condescension towards people are inherent in psychologists, since initially they admit the possibility of various, non-standard forms of behavior, thoughts.

Practicing psychologist needs human communication, people don’t bother him, and contacts with them never quench his thirst for communication. These are important factors for the success of his professional career.

Research psychologists do not like intense communication, and the corresponding factors have little effect on the success of their professional activities. At the same time, “general intelligence” is a very important factor for them.

Thus, there is reason to believe that there is both a similarity and a difference in personal qualities that are important for psychologist’s activities such as scientific research and practical psychological work.

The list of professionally important personal qualities of a practical psychologist according to her data includes: benevolence, responsibility, optimism, organization, curiosity, observation, perseverance, patience, attractiveness, sociability, attentiveness, self-control, tact, tactfulness, sensitivity, altruism, politeness, humanity, responsiveness, objectivity, intelligence, dynamism, flexibility of behavior, a high level of general and social intelligence, reflection, sensitivity, listening ability, creativity vnost, skilful possession of non-verbal means of communication, openness, ease, naturalness and sincerity in emotional manifestations, resistance to stress, emotional stability and some other characteristics.

Significant volitional qualities include perseverance, patience, self-control, confidence necessary for the successful work of a consultant psychologist. Otherwise, he will not deserve the trust of the client.

At the same time, it is important when the psychologist does not have excessive self-confidence and faith in the infallibility of his psychological conclusions. The tactlessness of a psychologist is manifested in his tendency to ascribe to his profession super-significance and exceptionalism. Demonstrative behavior and narcissism of the psychologist repels the client.

The psychologist must have adequate self-esteem, understand the individual characteristics of his personality, his abilities, strengths and weaknesses of character. It is important for every psychologist to know the extent of his incompetence. This stimulates self-development. It is necessary to understand the possible ways and means of compensating for their own personal shortcomings.

In professional activities, a psychologist cannot be successful in everything. Not all work methods and techniques work equally well. Not all activities show interest and inclination. Therefore, the psychologist must form an individual style of professional activity, taking into account his individual personality characteristics.
<< Previous Next >>
= Skip to textbook content =

Ethical, professional and personal qualities of a psychologist

  1. Professional and personal qualities of a psychologist. Professional Ethics Psychologist
    Professional and personal qualities of a psychologist. Professional ethics
  2. Professional and ethical standards of psychologist
    The professional activity of a psychologist is a very complex and responsible area of ​​professional activity that requires appropriate education, professional skill, as it affects the fate of people. It is associated with the knowledge of purely individual personality characteristics of people, their deep inner experiences and conditions. In the process, the psychologist operates with information,
  3. Personal qualities of a psychologist
    Professional and personal in the activities of a psychologist are very often closely related. It is difficult to be alone in the personal plan, and completely different in professional activities. Therefore, personal qualities form an important foundation for the professional success of a psychologist. Как сказал один студент, "у тех людей, которых я считаю по-настоящему профессиональными психологами, я всегда замечал
  4. Личностные качества психолога
    Профессиональное и личностное в деятельности психолога очень часто бывают тесно связаны. Трудно быть в личностном плане одним, а в профессиональной деятельности совершенно другим. Поэтому личностные качества составляют важный фундамент профессиональной успешности психолога. Как сказал один студент, "у тех людей, которых я считаю по-настоящему профессиональными психологами, я всегда замечал
  5. Профессионально-этические нормы деятельности войскового психолога
    Профессиональная деятельность психолога - это весьма сложная и ответственная область профессиональной деятельности. Она требует соответствующего образования, профессионального мастерства и может затрагивать судьбы людей (например, когда ставится медицинский или судебно-психологический диагноз). Профессиональная деятельность военного психолога связана с познанием сугубо индивидуальных
  6. Личностные качества в системе профессионального мастерства кадров управления и проблема их совершенствования
    В различных исследованиях, проводимых с целью выявления наиболее важных компонентов профессионального мастерства управляющих, вносящих наибольший вклад в обеспечение продуктивности всей профессиональной деятельности, авторы приходят к тому выводу, что, помимо различного рода процессуальных навыков, существенный, а порой и решающий вклад в достижение высокой эффективности управленческой
  7. Приложение №1 ЭТИЧЕСКИЕ НОРМЫ профессиональной деятельности психолога Вооруженных Сил Российской Федерации
    к ст. 16 Руководства, утвержденного приказом Министра обороны Российской Федерации 1997 года N___ ЭТИЧЕСКИЕ НОРМЫ профессиональной деятельности психолога Вооруженных Сил Российской Федерации Военный психолог призван всей своей профессиональной деятельностью способствовать созданию благоприятных условий для всестороннего развития личности
  8. ЭТИЧЕСКИЕ НОРМЫ профессиональной деятельности психолога Вооруженных Сил Российской Федерации
    Военный психолог призван всей своей профессиональной деятельностью способствовать созданию благоприятных условий для всестороннего развития личности военнослужащих, членов их семей и гражданского персонала, сохранения, укрепления и восстановления их психического здоровья, формирования высоконравственных отношений между ними в целях укрепления боеготовности и боеспособности частей и
  9. ЭТИЧЕСКИЕ НОРМЫ профессиональной деятельности военных психологов Вооруженных Сил Российской Федерации
    (Руководство по психологической работе в ВС РФ, Приложение 1) Военный психолог призван всей своей профессиональной деятельностью способствовать созданию благоприятных условий для всестороннего развития личности военнослужащих, членов их семей и гражданского персонала, сохранения, укрепления и восстановления их психического здоровья, формирования высоконравственных отношений между ними в
  10. Типы и уровни профессионального и личностного самоопределения психолога.
    Условно можно выделить следующие основные типы самоопределения: профессиональное, жизненное и личностное. Основными отличительными (специфическими) признаками этих типов самоопределения могут быть следующие. Для профессионального самоопределения характерны: 1) большая формализация (профессионализм отражается в дипломах и сертификатах, в трудовой книжке, в результатах труда и т.п.); 2) для
  11. Профессиональные качества психолога
    Важнейшее качество деятельности психолога — профессиональная компетентность, или профессионализм, включающее в себя профессиональные знания, умения, навыки, способности. В число характеристик профессиональной компетентности также входят: диапазон профессиональных возможностей, совершенное владение инструментарием, приемами и технологиями профессиональной деятельности. Профессиональная
  12. Основные профессионально важные качества личности психолога
    Иногда можно услышать, как человеку говорят «Да ты прирожденный психолог». В самом деле, что за умения и личностные особенности необходимо иметь при поступлении на эту специальность, а каким еще можно научиться? Недавно проведенный на сайте www.futurejob.ru опрос самих практикующих психологов показал, что необходимых качеств не так уж много, все остальное – профессиональные навыки, которые
  13. Этический кодекс (этические нормы) психолога-консультанта
    1. Общие нормы 1.1. Границы компетентности (а) Психологи-консультанты занимаются профессиональной деятельностью только в границах своей компетентности, которая определяется образованием, формами повышения квалификации и соответствующим профессиональным опытом. (в) Психологи-консультанты осуществляют профессиональную деятельность в новых областях или используют новые методики только после
  14. ТРЕНИНГОВЫЕ УПРАЖНЕНИЯ И ПСИХОТЕХНИКИ В РАЗВИТИИ ПРОФЕССИОНАЛЬНО-ВАЖНЫХ КАЧЕСТВ (ПВК) ПСИХОЛОГА: СПОСОБНОСТЬ ПЛАНИРОВАТЬ БУДУЩЕЕ
    Профессионально-важные качества (ПВК) - это качества человека, влияющие на эффективность осуществления его труда по основным характеристикам (производительность, надежность и др.). ПВК являются предпосылкой профессиональной деятельности. С другой стороны, они сами совершенствуются, шлифуются в ходе деятельности, являясь ее новообразованием. Это означает, что человек в ходе труда изменяет и
  15. Общие психолого-акмеологические закономерности личностно-профессионального становления в условиях высшего профессионального образования
    Процесс высшего профессионального образования представляется как трансформация образовательных процессов как «множества индивидуальных форм развития и преобразования возможностей» с учетом преемственности стадий становления человеческого в человеке и тех психологических новообразований, которые появляются в образовательном процессе, нацеленном на создание условий конструирования, построения
  16. Профессионально-этические нормы в психологической работе
    Психологическая работа требует соответствующего образования, профессионального мастерства и может затрагивать судьбы людей. Психологическая работа связана с познанием сугубо индивидуальных личностных особенностей людей, их глубоких внутренних переживаний и состояний. В процессе работы психолог оперирует информацией, небрежное использование которой может нанести непоправимый вред отдельным
  17. Профессионально-этические нормы в психологической работе
    Психологическая работа — это весьма сложная и ответственная область профессиональной деятельности, которая может затрагивать судьбы людей (например, когда ставится медицинский или судебно-психологический диагноз). Психолог владеет информацией, небрежное использование которой может нанести непоправимый вред отдельным военнослужащим, семьям, воинским коллективам, авторитету военной психологии. В то
  18. ИССЛЕДОВАНИЕ ПРОФЕССИОНАЛЬНОГО ОБРАЗА МИРА СТУДЕНТОВ В ХОДЕ ЛИЧНОСТНО-ПРОФЕССИОНАЛЬНОГО СТАНОВЛЕНИЯ
    ИССЛЕДОВАНИЕ ПРОФЕССИОНАЛЬНОГО ОБРАЗА МИРА СТУДЕНТОВ В ХОДЕ ЛИЧНОСТНО-ПРОФЕССИОНАЛЬНОГО
  19. Этические принципы деятельности психолога
    Этические принципы призваны обеспечить: - решение профессиональных задач в соответствии с этическими нормами; -защиту людей, с которыми психологи вступают в профессиональное взаимодействие: учащихся, студентов, педагогов, супервизоров, участников исследований и др. лиц, с которыми работает психолог; -сохранение доверия между психологом и клиентом; -укрепление авторитета
  20. Реферат. Этические принципы в работе психолога, 2010
    Introduction Этические принципы деятельности психолога. Принцип конфиденциальности. Принцип компетентности. Принцип не нанесения ущерба. Принцип уважения. Принцип объективности. Принцип ответственности. Принцип этической и юридической правомочности. Принцип квалифицированной пропаганды психологии. Принцип благополучия клиента. Принцип профессиональной кооперации. Принцип информирования
Medical portal "MedguideBook" © 2014-2019
info@medicine-guidebook.com