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Consciousness

Are you awake or sleeping reading these words? This question is unlikely to confuse anyone. Everyone knows the difference between a normal waking state and a feeling of sleep. We are also familiar with other states of consciousness, including those caused by alcohol and marijuana.

The content of consciousness in a person is easily subject to change. At the moment, your attention is focused on the book, and after a few minutes you can deeply dream. For most psychologists, an altered state of consciousness exists wherever there is a transition from the usual course of mental activity to a state that seems different to a person experiencing this transition.
This definition is not very accurate, but it reflects the fact that states of consciousness are purely personal and, therefore, subjective. The range of changes in the state of consciousness varies from distraction to the area of ​​dreams to insanity or perceptual disturbance under the influence of drugs. In this chapter, we will address some altered states of consciousness experienced by everyone (sleep and daydreaming, for example), as well as those that arise under special circumstances (meditation, hypnosis, and drug use).
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Consciousness

  1. The psychological structure of consciousness
    Consciousness is a multidimensional formation. In this regard, in psychology, various approaches to the allocation of elements that form the consciousness (its structure) are recorded. One of the first ideas about the structure of consciousness belongs to Z. Freud, according to which consciousness has a hierarchical structure and includes the subconscious, conscious and superconscious. The subconscious and superconscious form
  2. Aspects of consciousness
    Throughout this book, when considering perception, memory, language, problem solving, and other topics, we will touch upon the nature of conscious experience and the functions of consciousness. At the moment, it would be useful to familiarize yourself with the general theory of consciousness in order to set the theoretical framework for the consideration of these various topics as they become more familiar with them in the future. However, this cannot be done, since there is no
  3. Consciousness Syndromes
    A working clinical definition of consciousness as a mental process that allows you to navigate in the world (news and time) and in your own personality, lead G.K. Kaplan and B.J. Sedok (1994). The classic of German psychiatry and the famous existentialist philosopher Karl Jaspers (1883-1969) as early as 1911. summarized the main signs (criteria) of impaired consciousness inherent in all options
  4. Impaired consciousness
    Impairment of consciousness is an extremely common problem in the intensive care unit (ICU), but when faced with it, doctors usually experience difficulties due to the lack of an accurate definition of coma. However, even moderate changes in consciousness are associated with high mortality, if they are not the result of the deliberate administration of sedatives. Although the frequency of conditions accompanied by
  5. Acute impaired consciousness
    Consciousness is the highest form of reflection of reality, which is a combination of mental processes that allow a person to navigate in the world, time, self, which ensures his behavior. Impairment of consciousness is the general name for disorders of the integral activity of the brain, expressed in impaired ability to perceive adequately,
  6. The level (state) of consciousness.
    A normal child has a meaningful and lively look, is able to respond to external stimuli, including (if he is older) and answer questions, participates in an invitation to contact (contact). The figure shows that the child adequately responds to a medical examination and is calm in the presence of the mother. Disturbed consciousness (drowsiness, confusion or coma) are the most important signs of progressive
  7. Stupefaction
    Confusion is a disorder of reflection of the real world, manifested by disorientation in place and time, incoherence of thought with subsequent amnesia (in particular, after a seizure). Different degrees of severity: stupor, stupor, coma - require a different volume of emergency psychiatric care with hospitalization of the patient, depending on the degree of violation
  8. Twilight Consciousness
    Twilight consciousness disorder - a sudden and short-term loss of clarity of consciousness with complete detachment from the outside world, or with fragmentary and distorted perception of it while maintaining the usual automated actions, which has a paroxysmal nature of occurrence and termination. Etiology and PATHOGENESIS. Twilight state (confusion) of consciousness can be equivalent to epileptic
  9. POSTOPERATIVE CHANGES OF CONSCIOUSNESS
    Definition Postoperative changes in consciousness are called the inability to restore the initial level of consciousness or an adequate reaction to the environment after general anesthesia in due time. Etiology Absolute or relative overdose of drugs that affect the mind: inhaled anesthetics; hypnotics, ketamine, scopolamine, benzodiazepines; drugs CNS -
  10. CONSCIOUSNESS, WAKE AND DREAM
    Numerous gnostic and practical operations are performed beyond the threshold of consciousness. In the sphere of consciousness are mainly the results of the activity of the Gnostic-practical mechanisms. For example, looking for watches on the station square, we do not wonder how to recognize them. When we utter a phrase, we usually don’t know which word will be final in it: it appears as if by itself. Even thinking about
  11. Conversation about consciousness
    A person has one consciousness, but many mental abilities, each of which can make mental effort in two different directions. Different abilities are not clearly delineated, they flow into each other, like the colors of the rainbow spectrum. The active effort of any mental ability is the result of the initial impulse transmitted at the time of the effort. Passive effort
  12. States of altered consciousness
    Consciousness disorders are usually divided into offsets (“quantitative” disorders) and dullness (“qualitative” disorders). ¦ Turning off consciousness of varying severity (stunning, since then, coma) requires a different volume of emergency, including, possibly, psychiatric care with hospitalization of the patient, depending on the degree of violation in a psychiatric hospital or
  13. Confusion and delirium
    Confusion is a condition in which the patient is not able to think with ordinary speed and clarity. Depends on many factors, it can be one of the stages in the development of stupor and coma or exit from these conditions. With the development of the process, contact with the patient is becoming more difficult. The patient answers monosyllabic questions, sometimes with persistent repetition, or does not answer. Delirium is
  14. The Confusion of Consciousness and Delirium
    Confusion is a condition in which the patient is not able to think with ordinary speed and clarity. Depends on many factors, it can be one of the stages in the development of stupor and coma or exit from these conditions. With the development of the process, contact with the patient is becoming more difficult. The patient answers monosyllabic questions, sometimes with persistent repetition, or does not answer. Delirium -
  15. States of altered consciousness
    Delirium, not caused by alcohol or other psychoactive substances DIAGNOSTICS An etiologically nonspecific syndrome characterized by: - ​​disorder of consciousness (from stunning to coma) and attention (reduced ability to direct, focus, maintain and switch attention); -global disorder of cognition (distortions of perception, illusion and hallucinations, mostly visual;
  16. Quantum detoxification: purification of consciousness
    At the heart of ancient traditions of health care lies the idea that changes in consciousness entail changes in the body. Harmony in the body is largely dependent on harmony in the mind. In India, the word amma refers to all toxins that accumulate and undermine health, both physical and mental. Most practitioners of oriental medicine know that clarification of the patient’s consciousness
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