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Professional and ethical standards in psychological work

Psychological work requires appropriate education, professional skill and can affect people's fates. Psychological work is associated with the knowledge of purely individual personal characteristics of people, their deep inner experiences and conditions. In the process, the psychologist operates on information, the careless use of which can cause irreparable harm to individual military personnel, families, military groups, the authority of military psychology. At the same time, the psychologist should develop suggestions and recommendations to commanders (commanders), provide them with the necessary information about military personnel in the interests of ensuring educational work with them, independently carry out targeted intervention in their thoughts, feelings, worldview, behavior.

In this regard, psychologists, as the main specialists in psychological work, are presented with a number of socio-ethical and professional requirements, the observance of which allows the specialist to maintain people's trust, choose the right line of behavior in a conflict between the norms of subordination and morality.

Professional and ethical standards are the requirements for the level of professional qualification of a psychologist, the implementation by him in his activity of moral specific norms of behavior in relations with both colleagues, the scientific community, and with subjects (clients).

The requirements for the level of professional qualification are formulated in a number of principles.

The principle of secrecy. This principle means that any information communicated by the client to the psychologist cannot be transferred without his consent to any public or state organizations, officials or private individuals, including relatives, friends, etc.

Not only the fact of the possibility or impossibility of transmitting information is discussed, but also the volume of this information, the circle of persons to whom it can be transmitted, the purpose and procedure for using the information by these people. There are exceptions to this rule, which the client must be warned about in advance. An example is the situation when a psychologist finds out at the reception about something that is a serious threat to someone’s life or health.

The principle of no harm. He suggests that the psychologist should not disseminate information and special psychological knowledge that can be used to manipulate people and worsen relations between them.

The psychologist must:

respect the personal inviolability of military personnel, their right to self-determination, to participate or not to participate in research, to psychological counseling without the presence of third parties;

explain to the military the goals and objectives of psychological research, the procedure for using the information received;

not to use methods and procedures that infringe on a person’s personal dignity;

evaluate any professional situation from an ethical point of view and inform the commanders (chiefs), other persons about the ethical requirements for it and their own ethical position.

The results of the psychological examination are provided to the test person in a form that is accessible to a correct understanding.

The principle of scientific validity of the psychological methods used and the objectivity of conclusions.

This principle requires that the methods and tools used by the psychologist be valid and reliable, i.e.
yielded results that you can trust. The psychologist must use methods and techniques, the mechanism of action of which he clearly understands, considers sufficiently mastered and anticipates the consequences of their application.

The conclusions drawn by the psychologist should flow from the results of the examination itself, and not depend on the subjective attitudes of those who conduct it or use its results.

The principle of comprehensive diagnosis and psychological assistance.

This principle involves a combination of various methodological techniques in the diagnosis of the same property.

During the provision of psychological assistance, a system of reasons should be revealed that determine the situation proposed to the counseling psychologist.

In determining the factors that determine the possibility of positive changes, an integrated approach should prevail, taking into account the possibility of implementing these factors in the system of professional actions, both of the psychologist himself and other officials, specialists and the client's environment.

The principle of an invaluable attitude towards the client and respect for his personality. The psychologist must create such conditions under which the military man (client) who has applied for help feels calm and comfortable during the reception. It is necessary to accept people as they are. For the sake of creating an atmosphere of trust conducive to a more complete disclosure of personality, the psychologist should strive to avoid value judgments.

The principle of the effectiveness of recommendations. This principle assumes that the recommendations of the psychologist must be useful for the person to whom they are given. They should be feasible both for the person himself and for officials related to solving a specific problem. The effectiveness of the recommendations implies their specificity, taking into account the competence and competence of those people to whom they are addressed.

The principle of reflection of professional restrictions. The psychologist should be responsible for the consequences of his professional activity, clearly present the limits of his capabilities in solving the problems, apply only proven and mastered methods of work, predict the consequences of his activity, and minimize the risk of unintentional negative impact on people.

Officials who have received psychological information from a psychologist should refrain from applying administrative measures without a thorough and comprehensive analysis and consideration of the information received and the possible consequences of the applied influences. In the interests of the client, the psychologist should actively cooperate with doctors, lawyers, and officials of educational institutions. He is authorized to personally impede the incorrect and unethical implementation of measures of psychological work.

Violation by the psychologist of professional and ethical norms and principles of work is incompatible with the performance of his duties in his position.

The involvement of psychologists, specialists of centers (points) of psychological assistance and rehabilitation in the service in dresses and guards, their appointment as inquiry officers, senior cars, sending them on long business trips not related to the performance of official duties, and the performance of other unusual functions and tasks by them are contrary to professional and ethical standards and principles of work.
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Professional and ethical standards in psychological work

  1. Professional and ethical standards in psychological work
    Psychological work is a very complex and responsible area of ​​professional activity that can affect people's fates (for example, when a medical or forensic psychological diagnosis is made). The psychologist owns information, the careless use of which can cause irreparable harm to individual military personnel, families, military collectives, the authority of military psychology. At that
  2. Professional and ethical standards of psychologist
    The professional activity of a psychologist is a very complex and responsible area of ​​professional activity that requires appropriate education, professional skill, as it affects the fate of people. It is associated with the knowledge of purely individual personality characteristics of people, their deep inner experiences and conditions. In the process, the psychologist operates with information,
  3. Professional and ethical standards of military psychologist
    The professional activity of a psychologist is a very complex and responsible area of ​​professional activity. It requires appropriate education, professional skill and may affect the fate of people (for example, when a medical or forensic psychological diagnosis is made). The professional activity of a military psychologist is associated with the knowledge of purely individual
  4. Appendix No. 1 ETHICAL STANDARDS for the professional activities of a psychologist in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation
    to Art. 16 of the Guideline, approved by order of the Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation in 1997 N___ ETHICAL STANDARDS for the professional activities of a psychologist in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation A military psychologist is called upon with all his professional activities to help create favorable conditions for the comprehensive development of the individual
  5. ETHICAL NORMS for the professional activities of a psychologist in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation
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  6. ETHICAL NORMS for the professional activities of military psychologists of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation
    (Guidelines for psychological work in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, Appendix 1) The military psychologist is called upon to promote the creation of favorable conditions for the comprehensive development of the personality of servicemen, members of their families and civilian personnel, the preservation, strengthening and restoration of their mental health, the formation of highly moral relations between them in
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  8. Moral and ethical standards and legal regulation of medical workers
    Medical ethics (bioethics) - the science of morality. It is represented by the sum of the norms and principles of behavior in the relationships adopted in medicine and biology in a certain period of time, in everyday medical practice. According to the prominent English philosopher and economist, founder of the University of London, Jeremy Bentan (J. Bentham, 1748-1832), ethical standards and principles
  9. Criteria for the effectiveness of psychological work and professional activities of a psychologist in a military unit
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  10. Criteria for the effectiveness of psychological work and professional activities of a psychologist in a military unit
    The problem of improving the system of criteria for assessing the professional activity of a psychologist in a military unit is due to the insufficient use in everyday practice of adequate means to ensure an objective identification of the degree to which the psychologist’s professional competence and the results of his work correspond to the profession standards. Existing regulatory documents defining the main
  11. Norms of professional ethics
    It is important for a psychologist to observe ethical principles in his work. There is a wide and narrow understanding of ethics. Ethics in the broad sense is an understanding of ideals, moral principles and norms of behavior, the purpose of a person and the meaning of his life. It is of great importance in the work of a teacher-psychologist. On the one hand, he must observe many ethical principles in dealing with children, on the other
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