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Benign laryngeal tumors

Laryngeal fibroma is in first place among all benign tumors of the larynx. It occurs equally often in men and women aged 20-50 years, in children is extremely rare. Usually they grow on the free edge along the upper surface of the vocal fold, have a dark cherry (sometimes lighter) color, as a rule it is single, mobile (Fig. 4.18). Its size is from lentil grains to peas. Complaints of the patient are reduced only to dysphonia. Treatment is only surgical. It is removed under local anesthesia, endolaryngeal with special forceps Moritz-Schmidt (Fig. 4.19) or Cordes (Fig. 4.20). If, due to a high pharyngeal reflex, removal is difficult to resort to high-frequency endotracheal anesthesia. The operation technique is simple, the prognosis is favorable, relapses are extremely rare.

Laryngeal papillomas (papillomatosis) are conditionally benign tumors, since there is a persistent course and a tendency to relapse. They are usually found in young children, starting from the age of two, with repeated operations spread to the pharynx, trachea, and even to the skin around the tracheostomy.
In appearance they resemble cauliflower or mulberry, the color is pale pink. Usually, papillomatosis leads to persistent aphonia and cannula carriage. Active papillomatosis occurs in adults. So, in the clinic we operated on a patient of 52 years old, whose larynx papillomas were removed more than 30 times in the past. Removal of papillomas is currently carried out, as a rule, under general anesthesia. With frequent relapses, wider operations on the larynx are performed, for example, longitudinal laryngotomy (dissection of the larynx) for radical removal of papillomas.

Laryngocele is a rare tumor characteristic only of the larynx - bloating of the blinking sinus with the appearance of swelling only in the larynx (internal tumors) or on the neck (external). They do not bring much damage to health, but they must be distinguished from tumors of a different genesis, in which radiography helps (Fig. 4.21).
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Benign laryngeal tumors

  1. Benign laryngeal tumors
    Among benign tumors of the larynx, fibromas, papillomas, and angiomas are more common. Fibroma (fibrous polyp) usually occurs at the free edge of the vocal fold at the border between the anterior and middle thirds, grows very slowly and often does not reach large sizes. It has a rounded shape, the base can be wide or in the form of legs. The histological structure of fibroma is presented
  2. Benign tumors are cured by poisons
    Benign tumors consist of cells that differ from normal ones mainly only by enhanced growth. Such tumors are characterized by limited enhanced growth, are often covered with a connective tissue capsule, and do not grow into surrounding tissues. In rare cases, benign tumors reach gigantic sizes (up to 10-20 kg), but even then they do not spread throughout the body. Clinically
  3. Benign ear tumors
    Ear tumors are rare diseases. There are benign and malignant neoplasms. Benign ear tumors include papillomas, fibromas, angiomas, chondromas, osteomas, etc. Of the tumor-like formations, various cysts (atheromas, dermoids, etc.) should be noted. Benign tumors are localized mainly in the outer ear.
  4. Benign tumors
    Among benign tumors of the nose and paranasal sinuses, papillomas, adenomas, vascular tumors, chondromas, and osteomas are of the greatest clinical importance. Many benign tumors show a tendency to malignancy over time. It is noted that tumors of any degree of differentiation, localized on the lateral wall of the nose, should practically be regarded as potential
  5. Benign Gastric Tumors
    formed as a result of inflammatory-reactive hyperplasia of the mucosa. Tumors are fibroepithelial, less commonly fibroids, fibroids, neuromas, angiomas, lipomas, hemangiomas. Polyps - conditionally benign tumors, are single or multiple formations located mainly in the antrum
  6. Benign Nasal Tumors
    Benign nasal tumors include papillomas, fibromas, angiomas and angiofibromas, chondromas, osteomas, neuromas, nevi (pigmented tumors), warts. Some authors referred to benign tumors and mucous polyps, however, these formations do not have a tumor structure and represent inflammatory and allergic hyperplasia of the mucous membrane, the so-called "singing
  7. Benign pharyngeal tumors
    Benign pharyngeal tumors include fibroma, papilloma, hairy polyp, angioma, neurinoma, neurofibroma, mixed tumors, lipoma, cysts, pharyngeal goiter. More often than others, papillomas and fibromas on the leg are found. Papillomas are usually soft, located on the soft palate and palatine arches, are small in size and, as a rule, bother the patients a little. In some cases, papillomas come from
  8. Benign tumors without characteristic localization
    1. Papilloma. Benign tumor from the integumentary (multilayered squamous or transitional) epithelium. • Often occurs in the skin, larynx, oral cavity, bladder, etc. Macroscopic picture: spherical formation on a wide base or thin leg, soft elastic consistency, mobile. The surface of the tumor is covered with small papillae. Microscopic picture: tumor
  9. Benign Ovarian Tumors
    Benign tumors of the ovaries are divided into: • epithelial; • connective tissue. Epithelial neoplasms of the ovaries usually include: • serous: o smooth-walled; o papillary. • mucinous tumors: o proper cystomas or pseudo-mucinous cystomas o pseudomyxomas. The main type of connective tissue benign tumor is ovarian fibroma.
  10. Benign Ovarian Tumors
    Benign tumors of the ovaries are divided into: • epithelial; • connective tissue. Epithelial neoplasms of the ovaries usually include: • serous: o smooth-walled; o papillary. • mucinous tumors: o proper cystomas or pseudo-mucinous cystomas o pseudomyxomas. The main type of connective tissue benign tumor is ovarian fibroma.
  11. Benign liver tumors
    Epidemiology. They occur at any age, mainly in women. In the structure of liver tumors, benign tumors make up 34%. Etiology: • intake of oral hormonal contraceptives containing estrogen; • pregnancy, childbirth; • ovarian tumors; • hormonal changes in children. Pathological anatomy: Hamartomas - nodular subcapsular
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