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The picture of chronic catarrhal laryngitis is similar to acute, but their symptoms can be smoothed out, undulating, combined, as a rule, with chronic pharyngitis. The causes are chronic inflammatory diseases of the trachea, bronchi, lungs, sinusitis, vasomotor rhinitis, adverse environmental factors - frequent or constant cooling, airborne impurities, alcohol abuse. 100% of smokers have a larynx (smoker's laryngitis), but passive smoking (presence in a smoky room) is quite harmful. Chronic laryngitis is expressed in persistent dysphonia, fatigue of the voice, hoarseness, coarsening (voice of the smoker). A type of chronic laryngitis - atrophic, found in the lake, pharyngopathy; when blanching and thinning of the mucosa are noted. Treatment as in acute laryngitis, but preventive measures are crucial: the rejection of cold food and drink, bad habits, the elimination of adverse factors of work and life, the treatment of lung diseases, etc.
Hypertrophic laryngitis is diffuse and (more often) limited. When spilled, the vocal folds are not only enlarged, but also covered by enlarged vestibular ones, which, when phonated, close together, forming a kind of voice timbre (dog voice).
Limited hypertrophic laryngitis is more common.
Nodules of singers. They arise when the voice is used improperly, it is very common among singers with an incorrectly set voice (hence the name), actors, lecturers, teachers and everyone who overloads the "voice" apparatus. There is an overgrowth of the epithelium and connective tissue at the border of the middle and posterior third of the vocal folds, the size of no more than millet grain. The glottis does not completely close.
2. Pachydermia - limited outgrowths in the form of nodules and tubercles in the posterior sections of the vocal folds or in the intercarpal space.
3. Sub-folded laryngitis - a symmetrical thickening in the sub-vocal space (as with false croup) without signs of suffocation, but only with a change in timbre and sonority of the voice.
4. Prolapse of the blinking ventricle - it is one-sided and two-sided when the roller is visible between the vestibular and vocal folds, sometimes obscuring the latter for examination.
Prevention and treatment as described above for forms of chronic laryngitis.
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- Acute laryngitis. Features of the clinic and treatment tactics for sub-laryngitis
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- Chronic inflammation of the tonsils (chronic tonsillitis)
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- Chronic inflammation of the tonsils - chronic tonsillitis
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- CHRONICAL BRONCHITIS. CHRONIC PULMONARY HEART.
In recent years, due to the deteriorating environmental situation, the prevalence of smoking, and a change in the reactivity of the human body, there has been a significant increase in the incidence of chronic non-specific lung diseases (COPD). The term KNZL was adopted in 1958 in London at a symposium convened by the pharmaceutical group Ciba. He combined such diffuse diseases
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The main forms of chronic rhinitis (rhinitis chronica) - catarrhal, hypertrophic and atrophic - are a nonspecific dystrophic process of the mucous membrane and, in some cases, the bone walls of the nasal cavity. The disease is common. E and l about g and I and patogenesis. The occurrence of chronic rhinitis is usually associated with discirculatory and
- CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE LUNG DISEASES / CHRONIC BRONCHITIS AND LUNG EMPHISEMA /
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- Chronic hyperplastic laryngitis
Chronic hyperplastic laryngitis is characterized by various kinds of laryngeal mucosa hyperplasia; prevalence distinguish between limited and diffuse forms of the disease. Et and about l about d and I. It occurs usually after frequent acute processes, the disease is caused by hypothermia and overheating of the body, voice overload, smoking, alcohol, etc. K l and n and with with to I
- Chronic tracheitis
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- Chronic professional laryngitis
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- Chronic duodenitis
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- Chronic pancreatitis
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- Chronic pneumonia
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- Classification of chronic inflammation.
Clinically distinguish between chronic inflammation that develops after acute and occurs de novo. Morphologically distinguish chronic inflammation of infectious and non-infectious origin. Infectious inflammation, in turn, is specific and non-specific. The terms “specific” and “non-specific” inflammation are used in the context of a type of inflammation. Histological features
- Chronical bronchitis
Chronic bronchitis is a disease common among smokers and residents of megacities affected by smog (a mixture of fog, smoke and soot). The diagnosis of chronic bronchitis is made when a persistent cough with sputum production lasts for at least 3 months in 2 years. With simple chronic bronchitis, cough with sputum without signs of airway obstruction is noted