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INFECTIOUS GRANULEMS, VEGENERA DISEASE

Diseases that are considered granular or granulomatous have a different etiology and pathogenesis. They are united by known pathomorphological signs, manifested by the formation of granulomas. The latter are limited, peculiarly constructed morphological structures - nodules of productive inflammation, consisting of cells of young connective tissue. Most granulomas occur as a manifestation of various infectious processes (tuberculosis, syphilis, scleroma, leprosy, glanders, etc.). Granulomas may form when exposed to harmful chemical elements (berylliosis), foreign bodies, including
from surgical material (granulomas of foreign bodies) or with the introduction of oily drugs (oleogranulomas). Diffuse granuloma lesions (granulomatosis) can occur with systemic lesions, for example, with systemic autoimmune vasculitis (Wegener's granulomatosis). In otorhinolaryngological practice, the most important are scleroma, tuberculosis, syphilitic granuloma diseases, as well as Wegener's granulomatosis.
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INFECTIOUS GRANULEMS, VEGENERA DISEASE

  1. Ear Infectious Granulomas
    Infectious granulomas are characterized by a number of common signs: the presence of specific pathogens, a chronic course, the formation of granulomas and
  2. Larynx Infectious Granulomas
    Tuberculosis of the larynx occurs as a complication of the pulmonary process, infection occurs spontaneously, through sputum when the patient coughs. The larynx is affected in 8-30% of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis at a flowering age (20-40 years), more often in men. Pathomorphological forms: infiltrate, ulcer, perichondritis, essentially the stage of the disease. The posterior sections of the larynx are usually affected: the intercarpal space,
  3. Wegener's disease
    At present, Wegener's disease (granulomatosis) is considered as an autoimmune disease that is part of the group of systemic rheumatoid diseases. It has a clearly defined clinical picture with a primary primary lesion of the upper respiratory tract and subsequent involvement of the visceral organs in the process. The disease was first described in 1936-1939. F.Wegener in whose honor
  4. Donovanosis (fifth sexually transmitted disease, inguinal granuloma)
    Donovanosis - a chronic infectious disease, the causative agent of which is the body of Donovan, parasitizes mainly inside macrophages. The main route of infection is genital, less commonly household. Possible infection simultaneously with mild chancre, syphilis, gonorrhea. The incubation period varies from several days to 4 to 5 months. When donovanosis affects the glans penis, extreme
  5. GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT INFECTIOUS DISEASES. CONDITIONS OF THE ORIGIN AND DISTRIBUTION OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES, GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF THEIR PREVENTION
    The emergence and spread of various microbial diseases is due to the fact that some microbes under certain conditions can acquire the properties of pathogens. These are the so-called pathogenic microorganisms. Pathogenic microorganisms can cause various diseases, including infectious ones. It is known that pathogenic microorganisms are characterized by strict specificity, i.e.
  6. Wegener's granulomatosis
    Wegener's granulomatosis is a systemic disease manifested by necrotic granulomatous vasculitis. Most often, a generalized form of Wegener's granulomatosis occurs, in which the upper respiratory tract, lungs and kidneys are affected. A limited form of the disease is observed in less than 20% of patients and is manifested by a primary lesion of the upper respiratory tract and lungs. Granulomatosis
  7. Wegener's granulomatosis
    Wegener's granulomatosis is a granulomatous inflammation of the respiratory tract, necrotizing vasculitis of small and medium caliber vessels, usually combined with necrotizing glomerulonephritis. There are 3 forms: localized, transitional, generalized. Laboratory criteria: accelerated ESR, leukocytosis, hypergammaglobulinemia. Diagnosis criteria. The diagnosis criteria are as follows. 1.
  8. Wegener's granulomatosis
    Wegener's granulomatosis (GV) is a systemic vasculitis characterized by necrotizing granulomatous inflammation and necrotizing vasculitis, affecting the small vessels of the upper respiratory tract, lungs and kidneys. HBV is equally common in men and women; the average age of patients is 35–45 years. Etiology and pathogenesis. The causes of the disease are unknown. Suggest role
  9. Wegener's granulomatosis
    Wegener's granulomatosis is one of the varieties of rheumatic diseases, the main symptoms of which are lesions of the upper respiratory tract and ear. The disease described by F. Wegener in 1936 belongs to the group of systemic vasculitis and is characterized by granulomatous-necrotic lesion of small vessels, is rare. Et and about l about d and I. Causes of granulomatosis
  10. DONOVANOSIS (VENERIC GRANULEMA)
    King K. Holmes Definition. Donovanosis (venereal granuloma) is a weakly contagious, chronic, sluggish ulcer disease that affects the skin and lymph nodes of the genital and perianal regions. The disease is sexually transmitted and is due to the presence in the cells of the affected tissues of microorganisms that are morphologically
  11. Diseases of the nervous system. Diseases accompanied by an increase in intracranial pressure. Cerebrovascular disease. Cerebral infarction. Spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage. Infectious lesions of the central nervous system. Alzheimer's disease. Multiple sclerosis.
    1. The earliest changes in neurons during blood flow arrest 1. cytolysis 4. microvacuolization 2. tigrolysis 5. wrinkling of neurons 3. hyperchromatosis 2. The most common causes of cerebral infarction 1. stenotic atherosclerosis 2. thromboembolism 3. true polycythemia 4. thrombosis 5. embolism fatty with a fracture of the tubular bones 3. Cerebral edema of the cytotoxic type occurs at 1.
  12. INFECTIOUS AND PARASITIC DISEASES
    Infection is a biological phenomenon, the essence of which is the introduction and reproduction of harmful prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms in the human body with the subsequent development of various forms of interaction - from asymptomatic carriage of invading organisms to severe disease. In practical medicine, the term "infection" refers to an infectious disease, or infectious
  13. INFECTIOUS BURSAL DISEASE
    Infectious bursal disease (lat. - Bursitis infectiosa avium; Eng. - Infectious Bursae Disease; infectious bursitis of hens, Gambororo disease, IBD) - a contagious disease of young chickens, mainly 2 ... 15 weeks of age, characterized by diarrhea, loss of appetite , immune depression, inflammation of the mucous membrane of the factory bag, intramuscular hemorrhages, deep
  14. Yu.V. Lobzin. Infectious Diseases, 2000
    The textbook for practical classes on infectious diseases is intended for students of the 4th, 5th and 6th year of the faculty of training doctors and aims to provide independent work in the process of practical training in the clinic of infectious diseases. It is a teaching tool with which cadets can independently learn methods and practical skills,
  15. Infectious Disease General Concepts
    Infectious diseases - an extensive group of human diseases caused by pathogenic bacteria, viruses, protozoa, etc. Infectious diseases differ from non-communicable diseases in such fundamental ways as: • contagiousness (contagiousness); • specificity of the pathogen; • formation of immunity in the process of disease. Infectious diseases can be transmitted from the patient
  16. PREVENTION OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES
    Prevention of infectious diseases occupies a leading place in the Soviet health care system; it is ensured by the implementation of widespread preventive and anti-epidemic measures, as well as measures for the sanitary protection of the USSR from the importation and spread of quarantine and other infectious diseases (including AIDS). Infectious Disease Prevention Issues
  17. Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases.
    Infection is the introduction and reproduction of pathogens in the body of humans and animals, accompanied by a complex of reactive processes. An infectious process is an interaction or struggle between a macroorganism (human, animal) and a pathogenic microorganism. The epidemic process is the occurrence and spread of infectious diseases among people. is he
  18. APPROACH TO THE PROBLEM OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES
    Robert G. Petersdorf, Richard K. Root (Robert G. Petersdorf, Richard K. Root) The spectrum of infectious diseases. The vast majority of infectious diseases of humans and animals with an established etiology are caused by biological agents: viruses, rickettsia, bacteria, mycoplasmas, chlamydia, fungi, protozoa or nematodes. The great importance of infectious diseases in medical
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