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RESEARCH METHODS OF ENT ORGANS

Methods of examination and endoscopic examination of ENT organs have a number of general principles.

1. The examinee is seated so that the light source and the table with the instruments are to the right of him.

2. The doctor sits opposite the subject with his feet to the table: the legs of the subject should be out.

3. The light source is located at the level of the right auricle of the subject at a distance of 10 cm from it.

4. Rules for the use of the frontal reflector:

a) strengthen the reflector on the forehead with a frontal bandage. The hole of the reflector is placed against the left eye (Fig. 5.1);

b) the reflector should be 25-30 cm away from the organ under investigation (focal length of the mirror);

c) using a reflector direct a beam of reflected light on the nose of the subject.
Then they close their right eye and look through the reflector’s hole with the left and turn it so that a beam of light (“bunny”) is visible on the nose. Open the right eye and continue examination with two eyes. Periodically, it is necessary to monitor whether the visual axis of the left eye is in the center of the light beam and whether the focal length is maintained, which the doctor can adjust by leaning forward or backward.
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RESEARCH METHODS OF ENT ORGANS

  1. CLINICAL ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF THE UPPER RESPIRATORY AND EAR. RESEARCH METHODS OF ENT ORGANS
    Otorhinolaryngology is a science and practical discipline about diseases of the ear, nose, pharynx and larynx (abbreviated as ENT). Given the applied nature of the manual, it is advisable to provide the main content - a description of the diseases - with information on the clinical anatomy, physiology and research methods of these organs. Since diseases of ENT organs are often interconnected with pathology nearby
  2. Ultrasonic and thermal imaging methods for diagnosing diseases of ENT organs.
    Ultrasound diagnosis of the sinuses, TMJ. Echoencephalography (Greek echo echo, echo + anat. Encephalon brain + Greek grapho write, depict; synonyms: ultrasound encephalography, neurosonography) is a method of examining the brain using ultrasound. The soft tissues of the head, bones of the skull, and brain tissue have different acoustic impedances and
  3. MILITARY ENT SPECIALIST. ENT PROFORBOR METHODS
    Military medical expertise is a section of the theory and practice of military health care, which is a set of special scientific, methodological, organizational and practical measures carried out with a view to recruiting and providing medical support to the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, and improving medical and social assistance to personnel in accordance with existing legislation. Medical organization
  4. Methods of clinical research of organ systems
    Sometimes, even at first glance, you can correctly assess the general condition of the animal and correctly assume the diagnosis. Depending on the degree of the disorder, the dog may have: shock - a life-threatening condition characterized by severe disorders of the central nervous system, blood circulation, respiration and metabolism due to the action of an extremely strong pathological irritant on the body;
  5. Inflammatory diseases of the ENT organs
    The most common inflammatory diseases of the ENT organs are represented by the following nosological forms: nasal boil, acute otitis media, acute sinusitis, paratonsillitis, pharyngeal abscess, laryngeal tonsillitis, phlegmonous laryngitis. The clinical significance of these diseases lies in the fact that they can occur both in latent and fulminant forms, accompanied by serious complications.
  6. Intracranial Complications of Diseases of the ENT Organs
    Otogenic meningitis, brain abscesses Develop in patients with a history of acute or chronic purulent otitis media or corresponding clinical manifestations from the ear. NP: Immediate transportation to the ENT department is required. In the course of transportation, symptomatic therapy may be necessary due to cerebral edema (Lasix 40 mg IM, prednisolone IV 60 mg), respiratory arrest.
  7. TUMORS OF ENT ORGANS
    Tumors of the upper respiratory tract - the nose and paranasal sinuses, pharynx and larynx, as well as the ear are relatively common and make up more than 6-8% of human tumors of all localizations. Among the organs of the upper respiratory tract, benign and malignant tumors are most often found in the larynx; in second place, the nose and paranasal sinuses, then the pharynx;
  8. ENT organ damage syndrome
    Fractures of the bones of the nose and paranasal sinuses Leading symptoms: • deformation of the external nose; • retraction of the facial sinuses; • damage to the skin; • pain on palpation (crunch, crepitus); • swelling, hematoma of the eyelids; • nosebleeds. Symptoms can be combined with a head injury, with symptoms of concussion. Emergency Anesthesia: 1 ml of a 1% solution of morphine intravenously.
  9. Diphtheria lesion of ENT organs
    E p e d e m and o l o g and I d and fter i. Since 1976, in our country there has been a steady increase in the incidence of diphtheria, which in 1985-1987. reached a marked rise. The incidence of diphtheria in 1992-1994. can be seen as an outbreak of the second wave of the diphtheria epidemic. In Russia for 10 months of 1992, 2,707 people fell ill with diphtheria, among whom there were 727 children, for 10 months of 1993.
  10. SPECIFIC DISEASES OF ENT ORGANS
    SPECIFIC DISEASES
  11. The defeat of the ENT organs in AIDS
    Human immunodeficiency viruses (HIV) are retroviruses that infect lymphocytes, macrophages and nerve cells, resulting in the development of secondary acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). At the end of XX century. all of humanity is literally shocked by the global epidemic of this new infectious disease. AIDS has spread all over the world, affects people of all races and nationalities and so far
  12. Clinical anatomy and physiology of ENT organs
    Clinical Anatomy and Physiology
  13. Features of the structure of ENT organs in children
    Nasal cavity In a newborn, the lower conch descends to the bottom of the nose, there is a relative narrowness of all nasal passages, which leads to rapidly impeding nasal breathing in young children, even with a slight swelling of the mucous membrane due to its catarrhal state. At a young age, rudiments are sometimes found in the mucous membrane of the nasal septum
  14. UPPER RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS AND ENT ORGANS
    UPPER RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS AND
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