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Sycosis of the vestibule of the nose

Sycosis is a purulent-inflammatory disease of hair follicles and surrounding tissue caused by staphylococci and streptococci. The infection penetrates either from the side of the nasal cavity, with chronic lesions of the paranasal sinuses, or is introduced from the outside by contaminated fingers. Sycosis of the vestibule of the nose can be combined with sycosis of the scalp and chin.

The clinical picture and symptoms. The disease begins with the appearance of small, pin-sized, red dense nodules, on top of which pustules penetrated by a hair soon develop, which is a clinical manifestation of ostiofolliculitis. Recurrent and increasing in number osteofolliculitis, localized in a certain place, can gradually increase the area of ​​the pathological process, in which all large areas of the skin are involved. The affected areas of the skin turn red, infiltrate and become painful. Pus secreted from the opened pustules dries in the form of dirty green and dirty yellow crusts, under which there is a weeping erosive surface. On the eve of the nose, non-healing painful cracks appear. Sycosis is characterized by a chronic course with frequent exacerbations. The disease lasts for many months and even years.
It can be combined with dermatitis and eczema, exacerbating the clinical picture.

Diagnosis of sycosis in typical cases is straightforward. With the formation of continuous crusts and pronounced infiltrate, it is difficult to distinguish it from eczema.

Sycosis treatment is long. After softening and removing the crusts by laying on the threshold of the nose 2% white mercury or 3% salicylic ointment, all hairs of the affected area of ​​the skin are removed with tweezers. Epilation, depending on the prevalence of the process, can take several months. With pronounced inflammatory changes in the skin, mechanical hair removal is very painful. Therefore, it is desirable to use X-ray epilation, which at the same time has a beneficial effect on the inflammatory process itself. In the future, treatment can be continued by the appointment of the above ointments or 10% synthomycin emulsion. In the case of a persistent course of the disease - local treatment should be supplemented with general. The latter should include the appointment of adequate antibiotics, anti-staphylococcal gamma globulin and autohemotherapy. In recent years, laser blood and ultraviolet rays have been used to treat patients with chronic inflammatory processes.
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Sycosis of the vestibule of the nose

  1. Sycosis
    Sycosis, or folliculitis, of the nose is a limited purulent inflammation of the hair sacs in the region of the vestibule of the nose and adjacent sections of the upper lip. Et and about l about d and I. The etiological factor is usually Staphylococcus aureus; the infection is often introduced by the fingers when removing the crusts from the vestibule of the nose. It is relatively common. Purulent diseases of the nasal cavity contribute to the development of infection
  2. Staphylococcal Sycosis
    Chr. recurrent pyodermatitis, mainly in men. Osteofolliculitis and folliculitis are usually localized on the scalp, in the area of ​​the mustache and beard, less often on the inner surface of the wings of the nose, in the area of ​​the eyebrows, armpits, along the edge of the eyelids, on the pubis. At the beginning, the disease is relatively limited. areas of skin. single ostiofolliculitis appear, which have a tendency
  3. Excision of inflamed glands of the vestibule of the vagina
    Non-specific inflammation of the glands of the vestibule of the vagina, called vulvodynia, according to the classification of the International Committee for the Study of Vaginal Diseases, is divided into three categories: 1) vestibulitis; 2) squamous papillomatosis (vulvar dermatosis, periodic candidiasis); 3) essential vulvodynia. As a rule, all patients have a long history (of 6 months or more) of treatment
  4. Vulva and vestibule
    Vulva and
  5. Deformations of the nasal septum, synechia and atresia of the nasal cavity
    The etiologic deformation of the nasal septum may be due to physiological, traumatic, and compensatory factors. Physiological curvature occurs when there is a mismatch in the growth of the nasal septum and the bone frame into which it is inserted. The growth of the septum is slightly ahead of the growth of the facial skeleton, so its curvature occurs. In childhood, physiological
  6. Clinical anatomy of the external nose
    The nose (nasus) consists of the external nose and nasal cavity. The external nasus (nasus externus) is represented by a bone-cartilaginous skeleton in the form of a pyramid (Fig. 1.1), covered with skin. It distinguishes the tip, root (bridge of the nose), back, slopes and wings. Fig. 1.1. Outer nose. a - front view: 1 - nasal bone; 2 - frontal process of the upper jaw; 3 - triangular lateral
    The nasal cavity (cavitas nasi) is the initial section of the respiratory tract and, at the same time, the organ of smell. Passing through the nasal cavity, the air either cools, or warms up, moisturizes and purifies. The nasal cavity is formed by the outer nose and bones of the facial skull, divided by a septum into two symmetrical halves. The nostrils are the front openings in the nasal cavity, and through the choanas are the back openings
  8. Syphilis of the nose
    Syphilitic lesions of the nose are currently extremely rare. Primary syphilis of the nose develops when pale treponema penetrates through microscopic lesions of the skin or mucous membrane of the nose (the so-called extragenital route of infection). This is possible as a result of infection by poorly disinfected instruments used in the examination of patients with syphilis, or
    The study of the nose and paranasal sinuses, after identifying the needles and clarifying the anamnesis, begins with an external examination and palpation. On examination, pay attention to the condition of the skin and soft tissues, the absence or presence of defects, the symmetry of both halves of the face, as well as the shape of the external nose. Palpation should be done carefully. With soft hand movements, the presence or
  10. Nose injuries
    Clinical picture Damage to the external nose is very common. The degree of damage to soft tissues, bone and cartilage skeleton depends on the nature of the injury, the direction and strength of the impact. The nasal bones and septum are most often damaged, and fractures of the frontal processes of the upper jaw and the walls of the paranasal sinuses are less common. Sometimes there is damage to the nose with a break in its tip or edge. Injuries
  11. Furuncle nose
    A boil of the nose is an acute inflammation of the hair bag or sebaceous gland. Et and about l about d and I. Of primary importance is a local decrease in the resistance of the skin and the whole organism to staphylococcal and streptococcal infections. Under these conditions, the microflora, getting into the hair bags and sebaceous glands of the skin, more often the lower third of the nose and its vestibule (often introduced by hands), usually causes acute purulent
  12. Furuncle nose
    Boil - purulent-necrotic inflammation of the hair follicle, adjacent sebaceous gland and fiber. The wide involvement of surrounding tissues in the inflammatory process is a qualitative difference between the boil and the one close to it in etiology and pathogenesis of ostiofolliculitis. The ability to unlimited spread of inflammation, with features of the venous system of the face and the likelihood of rapid development
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