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EXTERNAL NOSE DISEASES

The external nose and its vestibule, having a skin coating, are characterized by the same diseases that affect other skin surfaces. Pathological forms such as burns, frostbite, erysipelas, seborrhea, eczema and boils are described in detail in textbooks on surgery and dermatology. In rhinological manuals, however, attention is paid only to those skin diseases that have a known specificity, which determined the range of diseases under consideration in this section.
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EXTERNAL NOSE DISEASES

  1. Diseases of the external nose and nasal cavity
    Congenital anomalies of the external nose in the form of its complete absence, splitting of the tip of the nose, double nose, etc. are extremely rare and do not have such practical significance as congenital and acquired changes in the nasal cavity, leading to impaired patency of the nasal cavity for inhaled and exhaled air. Narrowing and overgrowing of the nasal cavity. Congenital narrowness is sometimes observed.
  2. Diseases of the external nose
    Outdoor diseases
  3. Clinical anatomy of the external nose
    The nose (nasus) consists of the external nose and nasal cavity. The external nasus (nasus externus) is represented by a bone-cartilaginous skeleton in the form of a pyramid (Fig. 1.1), covered with skin. It distinguishes the tip, root (bridge of the nose), back, slopes and wings. Fig. 1.1. Outer nose. a - front view: 1 - nasal bone; 2 - frontal process of the upper jaw; 3 - triangular lateral
  4. External Nose Defects Surgery
    Post-traumatic (acquired) and congenital deformities of the external nose are divided as follows: saddle nose (rhinolordosis); humpback nose (rhinokyphosis); lateral displacement of the nasal pyramid (rhinoscoliosis); flatness of the nose (platirinia); wide nose (brachirinia); narrow nose (leptorinia); a long; short; soft, supple nose (mollininia); combined deformations. Usually all
  5. Mechanical injuries of the external nose. Emergency treatment
    Damage to the external nose and walls of the nasal cavity is more often observed in men and in children. Injuries to the skin of the nose are found in the form of a bruise, bruising, abrasion, and injury. During the examination, it must be borne in mind that damage often only appears to be superficial in appearance, but actually penetrates more deeply; in such a wound there may be a foreign body; these damages
  6. Diseases of the outer ear
    Due to the small value of the auricle, all its diseases, as well as damage and developmental abnormalities, up to complete absence, do not entail significant hearing impairment and are mainly of cosmetic value. Another thing is the external auditory canal. Any processes that entail the closure of its lumen, thereby leading to a violation of the air
  7. Allergic diseases of the nose and ear
    M. Lierl Allergic rhinitis is a disease caused by allergic reactions that occur in the nasal mucosa. Distinguish between seasonal and year-round allergic rhinitis. Seasonal allergic rhinitis is caused by allergens that are present in the air only at a certain time of the year: plant pollen, fungal spores, insect particles, year-round - allergens with which the patient
  8. Inflammatory diseases of the nasal cavity
    Consideration of inflammatory diseases of the nasal cavity must be preceded by a summary of a number of fundamental principles contained in the capital work of V.I. Voyacheka "Fundamentals of Otorhinolaryngology" (1953), many of which have not lost their significance at present. Inflammatory diseases of the nose V.I. Voyachek suggests considering as a reactive response of the mucous membrane and
  9. Surgery for diseases of the nose and paranasal sinuses
    The most common operations for diseases of the nose and paranasal sinuses include polypectomy, endoscopic interventions in the paranasal sinuses, opening the maxillary sinus (Caldwell-Luc operation), rhinoplasty, septoplasty. Preoperative period Patients often have marked nasal breathing disorders due to polyps, nasal curvature
  10. Diseases of the outer ear
    Outdoor diseases
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