about the project
Medical news
For authors
Licensed books on medicine
<< Previous Next >>

The economic boundaries of health and the factors that determine them

It is extremely difficult to define clear boundaries of healthcare as one of the sectors of the country's economy due to the fact that many activities related to maintaining and promoting health do not relate directly to medicine, to professional medical activity, which forms the basis of healthcare as an industry. Therefore, defining the economic boundaries of healthcare, we make the assumption that the main industry product is a medical service.

Since the economic boundaries of the industry are formed by a specific type of market structure, it is necessary to characterize the market model in which modern Russian health care operates. The Russian market model is closest to the model of monopolistic competition (Table 3).

Table 3 -

signs of monopolistic competition in relation to the medical services market

* Various qualitative characteristics of the services of the same name consist in the difference between the service and the conditions for the provision of the service, different technological components (the use of medicines with the same international non-proprietary name, but with a different trade name).

Scheme 3.

Healthcare structure

An important factor affecting the medical services market is the factor of state regulation, that is, this market cannot be considered a classic model of monopolistic competition. State regulation of the market implies that the state in the person of federal, regional and municipal authorities sets general rules for the behavior of market participants. Relations between the state and market entities acquire a bilateral character, interaction on the basis of agreements, government contracts and agreements is possible.
State regulation is carried out by:

• antitrust measures;

• state monopoly on certain types of products and services;

• standardization of services;

• licensing and accreditation;

• establishing minimum social standards;

• price regulation for certain types of products (the maximum allowable wholesale and retail mark-ups for drugs and medical devices);

• compulsory insurance;

• tax regulation (including excise taxes and duties);

• compensation for losses incurred by manufacturers of goods and services that sell them on the market at low prices.

The objective need for state regulation of the market for medical and pharmaceutical services emphasizes the limited possibilities of self-regulation of this market, which is due to industry-specific health care as a special segment of the social sphere. Self-regulatory mechanisms for the market of medical goods and services manifest themselves through market tools such as demand,

offer, pricing (see the section "Industry and Market").

The specifics of the formation of demand for health services is that their high social significance is combined with low elasticity of demand (an insignificant degree of change in the number of goods and services requested in response to changes in their market prices). The imperative need for these services severely limits their interchangeability.

Thus, the economic boundaries of the industry are formed not so much under market influence as under the influence of state regulators.
<< Previous Next >>
= Skip to textbook content =

The economic boundaries of health and the factors that determine them

  1. Economic boundaries of the industry and the factors that determine them
    One of the first issues to be addressed in analyzing an industry is the question of its boundaries. What is included in this industry? This is not an easy task, as many industries are dynamic and develop very quickly. So, for example, in the 60s one could talk about the electronics industry, covering the entire range of goods manufactured in those years. Today, these are several new industries - household production
  2. Concept, structure, economic boundaries of healthcare. The place of healthcare in the national economy.
    Concept, structure, economic boundaries of healthcare. Place of healthcare in the folk
  3. The concept, structure, economic boundaries of the industry. Place industry in the national economy
    The concept, structure, economic boundaries of the industry. Place industry in the national
  4. Healthy lifestyle and its determining factors
    Man is the most complex and subtlest system; it is capable of self-healing. However, our lifestyle is often contrary to the needs of the body and harms it. I.P. Pavlov Factors affecting health. Health and lifestyle. Healthy lifestyle. Biological and passport age. The amount of health. It is known that a person and his health are affected by a huge
  5. Health and its determining factors
    It seems that everything is very simple - the doctor examined the patient, received objective (and subjective) results, compared with the "standard" and concluded: "You are healthy" or "You are sick." However, in reality, everything is extremely complicated. No wonder they say that "healing is an art." It depends not only on the deep and comprehensive knowledge of the doctor, but not least on his intuition. Doctor's judgment
  7. The size of the enterprise and the factors that determine it
    Of great importance for the viability and competitiveness of the enterprise is the determination of its size. It is necessary to distinguish between the concepts of "size of production" and "size of the enterprise." The size of the volume of production is always expressed by the quantity of products, the more products in physical terms the enterprise produces, the larger the size of production. Enterprise size is quantity
    The main feature of coronary blood flow is its discontinuity, while in other organs it is continuous. During systole, the pressure inside the left ventricular myocardium reaches blood pressure. The force of LV contraction almost completely blocks the intramyocardial part of the coronary arteries; blood flow can change direction to the epicardium for a short time. In addition, even at the end of diastole, pressure in
    As you know, in psychology there is a widespread understanding of the psychological essence of personality as an “ensemble of relations” (L. I. Bozhovich, I. V. Dubrovina, E. V. Ilyenkov, V. N. Myasishchev, etc.). When the relation is meant, then in its content the connection between something and something, between something and someone and between someone and someone is thought. Moreover, in connection with something and someone, the second component of this connection is “burdened” with psychological
  10. General characteristics of industrial factors that determine working conditions in the production of drugs.
    1. The chemical factor. Studies show that the main unfavorable operating factor of the working environment at the enterprises of the chemical and pharmaceutical industry is the pollution of harmful workplace air, clothing, and skin with harmful organic and inorganic substances. Air pollution with toxic substances is possible at all stages of the process: when
Medical portal "MedguideBook" © 2014-2019