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Industry structure

The single economic complex of the country is represented by sectoral, intersectoral and territorial structures.

The sectoral structure of the national economic complex is a set of sectors of the national economic complex, characterized by certain proportions and relationships. The sectoral structure of a single national economic complex is represented by two areas: material production and intangible production.

The scope of material production includes:

1. The sectors that create wealth - industry, agriculture, construction.

2. Industries delivering material goods to the consumer, transport and communications.

3. Branches associated with the production process in the field of circulation - trade, catering, logistics, marketing, procurement.

The scope of intangible production consists of the following industries:

1. Branches of services, which include: housing and communal services, consumer services, transport and communications related to public services.

2. Branches of social services - health care, physical education, social security.

3. Education, culture, art.

4. Science and scientific services.

5. Lending, finance and insurance.

6. The apparatus of governing bodies.

7. Other industries.

For the modern sectoral structure of the national economy of Russia, a characteristic feature is the presence of not only sectoral, but also intersectoral complexes.

The territorial structure refers to the division of the national economy into territorial entities - zones, districts of different levels, industrial centers, nodes.

Under the structure of a particular industry refers to the division of the industry into certain relatively independent parts, branches, individual enterprises, characterized by the specifics of the types of activities produced (services rendered).

The structure of branches of material production, such as industry, agriculture, construction, transport, is formed through the allocation of parts called sub-sectors.
The main characteristic of a sub-industry is the production of products of a certain type or the implementation of a specific type of activity, characterized by a characteristic feature. So, construction is divided into housing, industrial and civil (administrative), transport - into passenger, cargo, air, water, etc.

In addition, the structure of the industry is determined by the size, concentration, form of ownership and location of industry enterprises.

Approximate structuring of the industry provides for division according to various criteria, namely:

• on a functional basis, the industry is divided into sub-sectors;

• based on the form of ownership, enterprises can be grouped into state, municipal, private, with equity participation, etc .;

• enterprises can be divided into large, small and medium-sized enterprises according to the scale of production;

• it is also possible territorial division of industry enterprises

(diagram 1).

To determine the sectoral structure of the national economy, a system of national accounts is used. The system of national accounts is a system of national accounting based on the synthesis and systematization of data from continuous and sample surveys, as well as statistical reporting. The result of the processing of primary information is a set of balance tables, the indicators of which allow to determine generalizing macroeconomic indicators characterizing the state of the economy and the dynamics of economic growth.
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Industry structure

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