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The structure of the sanitary and epidemiological service

The sanitary service is headed by the chief state sanitary doctor of the Republic of Belarus, deputy. The Minister of Health, the lead agency of the Sanitary and Epidemiological Service, is the Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology.

The chief state sanitary officer submits the chief sanitary doctors of the regional city and district centers of hygiene, epidemiology and public health (TsGEEOZ), who are also deputy heads of the local public health management body.

The main institution of the sanitary-epidemiological service is the Center for Health and Safety.

In Belarus there are 147: 1 - republican; 6 - regional, 22 - urban, 118 - district.

In the 90s, the sanitary and epidemiological stations were reorganized into the Center for Hygiene and Epidemiology (CGE), and in 2002 - into the Center for Hygiene, Epidemiology and Public Health (CGEEOZ). In addition to the CGE, departmental sanitary units of the Ministry of Defense, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the railway and aeroflot operate in the republic. These include: sanitary and epidemiological units; sanitary and epidemiological stations.

Other institutions of the sanitary-epidemiological service include:

1. Disinfection stations (or disinfection and sterilization centers).

2. Sanitary control points.

3. BelNII of epidemiology and microbiology. BelNII Sanitary and Hygienic Institute, Department of Hygienic and Epidemiological Profile of Medical Institutions.

The sanitary-epidemiological service employs 1,700 doctors and 6,000 paramedics. Depending on the capacity (on the number of serviced population) TsGEiOZ there are 4 categories.

* In large cities with regional division, 3 categories of district sanitary-epidemiological stations were established: I category of over 600,000 people, II category of 400,000-600,000, III category of up to 400,000.

According to the categories, the staff and structure of the Center for Health and Safety

Depending on the size of the population served



The main functions of the CGE:

1. The study of the main issues of economic construction and the sanitary condition of the region.

2. The study and monitoring of public health.

3. Systematic sanitary and hygienic studies of water, air, soil and consumer products.

4. Preventive sanitary supervision during the construction of local facilities.

5. Current sanitary surveillance.

6. Conducting anti-epidemic measures.

7. Ensuring radiation safety.

8. Prevention of AIDS and HIV.

9. Medical and hygienic training and education of the population

CGE structure

City Center of Central Generation: - Sanitary and Hygiene Department

- epidemiological department

- disinfection department

Regional TsGE (Grodno): - organizational and methodical department

- sanitary department

- epidemiological department

- disinfection department

- radiological department

- department of especially dangerous infections

District CGE: - Sanitary and hygienic department with a laboratory

- epidemic department with a bacteriological laboratory.

In 2002
The CGE structures include public health departments (reorganized health centers) and the AIDS prevention department (reorganized specialized center).

The structure of the main departments of the CGE.

The epidemiological department includes:

1) anti-epidemic group;

2) a parasitological group;

3) anrabic vaccination room;

4) bacteriological laboratory.

May include:

5) department for the fight against intestinal infections;

6) AIDS prevention department;

7) department of hospital hygiene;

8) socio-hygienic monitoring.

The structure of the sanitary-hygienic department includes groups according to the sectors of sanitary activity:

1) community hygiene;

2) occupational health and industrial sanitation;

3) food hygiene;

4) the hygiene of children and adolescents;

5) appropriate laboratories.



Disinfection department:

1) Department of evacuation and focal disinfection;

2) Department of chamber disinfection and sanitation.

May be:

- departments of preventive pest control, disinfection and disinfestation, viral laboratory, environmental department.
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The structure of the sanitary and epidemiological service

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