Licensed books on medicine
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The health sector structure is understood as separation
health care sectors into independent parts characterized by the specifics of the types of activities or services provided by the sub-sector.
Due to the significant variety of activities and health services and the lack of a single attribute, according to which such services can be divided into groups of homogeneous composition, the formation of a universal, statistically substantiated industry
health care structure is difficult. At the same time, by analogy with other sectors of the economy, structural components and components of the healthcare industry can be distinguished.
Depending on the method of rendering the services and the form in which their final result is presented, it is customary to divide the services into tangible (tangible), intangible and mixed, combining the signs of either type. Material services are associated with the provision of benefits or the receipt of effect in material form. IN
medicine, this is primarily the products of the pharmaceutical and medical industries, orthopedic services, certain types of dental services, as well as other services, the provision of which requires the use of materialized, material treatment as the main structure-forming. Intangible services, implemented in the form of diagnostic and treatment processes, in which the main role belongs to the content and methods of providing medical care, are more common in healthcare, while the material elements of activity are of auxiliary importance.
The division of health services into groups is possible on the basis of their mass character.
As you know, in a manufacturing economy individual, small-scale, large-scale, mass production are distinguished. According to this principle, health services can be divided into personal
(individual), family (family planning), group (vaccination), mass (quarantine measures).
More specific is the division of the healthcare industry into sub-sectors in accordance with the organizational and institutional attribute characterizing the type of medical organization, as well as the types and methods of their activity. With this approach, outpatient, inpatient, sanatorium patient care, pharmaceutical services, sanitary and epidemiological services, scientific and educational organizations, health management bodies, organizations engaged in resource provision of health care and others are distinguished.
Such a structuring of the healthcare industry is in the most consistent with the principles of the formation of the industry structure adopted in the economy and management organization.
According to the form of ownership of Russian healthcare organizations, state and municipal institutions are allocated whose fixed assets are in federal (subject of the federation), regional, local property, as well as private.
Applying the approach described above for dividing health care into sub-sectors and classifying intra-industry structures, we transform the above structure scheme of the national economy as follows (Scheme 3).
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- Concept, structure, economic boundaries of healthcare. The place of healthcare in the national economy.
Concept, structure, economic boundaries of healthcare. Place of healthcare in the folk
- Ministry of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation
Department of Health Care and Resort Development
Central Research Institute of Health Organization and Informatization. Resources and activities of healthcare institutions, 2009
Key health indicators. Russian Federation. Network and personnel of medical organizations. Russian Federation. The distribution of medical organizations by subordination. Russian Federation. Medical staff. District physicians. District pediatricians. General practitioners. Doctors and paramedical ambulance personnel. Nursing staff.
- Health Effectiveness. Determining Health Effectiveness
The concept of the effectiveness of medical care should not be identified with the general economic category of efficiency, with the corresponding indicators in the field of material production. In health care, even when applying the most skilled labor and using modern medical equipment, there can be a “zero” or even “negative” result. Performance indicators
- Lesson 12 Topic: DEVELOPMENT OF HYGIENE, SOCIAL HYGIENE AND HEALTH ORGANIZATION IN ALTAI KRAI. FORMATION OF DOMESTIC MEDICINE AND HEALTH IN THE SOVIET PERIOD. DEVELOPMENT OF THEORETICAL AND CLINICAL DISCIPLINES
Goals and objectives: 1. To acquaint students with the development and establishment of healthcare in the Soviet period. 2. Find out the main directions of preventive medicine. 3. To acquaint students of the medical and preventive faculty with the creation of the republic’s sanitary authorities. 4. Acquaintance of students with the history of the development of hygiene in the region. The development of social hygiene in Altai
- Lecture. Health Effectiveness. Determining Health Effectiveness, 2011
The lecture gives the concept of health care efficiency, considers various types of health care performance indicators and their calculation, much attention is paid to the cost-effectiveness of health care and its features in
- The phenomenon of collective knowledge: coordination of individual cognitive structures or the formation of supra-individual psychological structure?
S. L. Rubinstein is one of the first psychologists who formulated the most important methodological position on the social nature of the psyche, concerning not only the phylogenetic aspect, but also the sociality of the ontogenetic origin of psychological phenomena. For the first time these ideas were formulated by him in his work “The principle of creative initiative” (Rubinstein, 1997). They formed the basis in principle
- HEALTH REFORM BASES
Reform is the natural state of health care (WHO, Lublin Charter, 1967. Health principles: ethical values, better health, better quality, primary health care priority, justice, equity, humanism, better financing). Motivating reasons:? lack of funding? cost increase? difficulties of the national economy? system difficulties
- Health care reform
Over the coming years, it is necessary to solve the problem of ensuring full financing of the State Guarantee Program of free medical care, including the cost of depreciation of equipment and major repairs of buildings and structures. This will require optimization of the structure of medical services, improvement of the regulatory framework, including the development of minimum social safety standards
- People's Commissariat of Health
The Soviet period of development was marked by fundamental changes in the political, social and economic structure of the country. The fundamental principles of building a state, its constituent elements were modified. The healthcare sector, as one of the directions for ensuring the national security of the country, did not remain aloof from these changes. Guided by new principles, deciding
- Health Perspectives in Russia
The main objectives of health care reform are: giving health care the status of the most important factor and element of a country's security system; demonopolization of public health; search and implementation of alternative sources of financing, development of additional paid services adequate to the material capabilities of each citizen; structural adjustment of the system
- Health Economics Basics
To determine the concept of "health economics", first of all, a general idea of the concept of "economy" should be given. There are several meanings of the term “economy” (Manager's Dictionary-Handbook, 1996): 1. The set of production relations of a historically defined mode of production prevailing in a particular country or at different times, for example, a market economy,
- . SPECIAL HEALTH FORMS
In accordance with the federal laws “On Defense” and “On Mobilization Training and Mobilization in the Russian Federation”, special forces are created in the country when mobilization is announced, designed to perform special tasks but to ensure the combat activity of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. To participate in the medical support of personnel of the Russian Armed Forces
- The economic boundaries of health and the factors that determine them
It is extremely difficult to define clear boundaries of healthcare as one of the sectors of the country's economy due to the fact that many activities related to maintaining and promoting health do not relate directly to medicine, to professional medical activity, which forms the basis of healthcare as an industry. Therefore, by defining the economic boundaries of healthcare we will
- USSR Ministry of Health
Since 1946, all government bodies, in connection with the transformation of the Council of People's Commissars into the Council of Ministers, were renamed the ministries of the USSR. At the same time, not only the name of the department has changed; certain changes have also occurred in the activities of government bodies in the field of public health. In particular, the new Ministry of Health of the Union
- Healthcare as an industry
The separation of the health care economy into a separate part of the national economy is determined by the unity of the type and purpose of the activity performed (health protection) and the technologies used (treatment technologies, medical technologies). To specify the industry affiliation of different types of industrial and economic activities, the following three types of industries are distinguished: 1) “pure”
- Governing bodies of special healthcare units
The management bodies of special health care units (the Main Directorate for the Management of Specialized Healthcare Units, departments and sectors for the management of rear hospitals) are structural divisions of the Ministry of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation and the health management bodies of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. They form when
- Systems and forms of healthcare in the countries of the world
The importance in the health care economy at both the macro and micro levels is given to the issues of financing medical care to the population. Sources of financing determines the form of health care Depending on the sources of financing, health systems in the countries of the world are divided into three forms: - predominantly state (public) health care system,
- HEALTH INFORMATION BASIS
Medical informatics is a developing scientific branch dealing with the accumulation, search and optimal use of bio-medical information, databases and knowledge for solving various medical problems. The main goal of healthcare informatization is to ensure the functioning of the industry through information and computer support for medical technologies at all levels to increase
- Market power in healthcare
Like any branch of the social sphere, public health is under a regulating state influence, which somewhat distorts the manifestation of market laws in the process of functioning of enterprises. The need for state regulation of market relations in healthcare is determined by the fact that the health of the nation is one of the main indicators of the level of socio-economic