Licensed books on medicine
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The discipline “Industry Economics” studies the conditions for the functioning of sectors of the national economy in various market structures, the development factors of industrial markets, the methodological foundations of the effective management of the industry and firm, as well as the mechanisms of state regulation of industrial development.
The industry economy, like any branch of economic science, has its own subject and research method. The subject of research of the economy of the industry is a combination of various components of the resources used, the patterns of their distribution in the industry aspect, a certain set of economic laws, manifested in the form of methodological foundations for the effective management of industrial socio-economic systems. Effective management of a sectoral socio-economic system should be understood as such a combination of control actions that ensures the functioning and development of the industry but the best option, established on the basis of the relevant criteria of optimality and limitations.
In the study of the discipline, theoretical and empirical methods of scientific knowledge are used: systems theory, regional development theory, public sector theory, as well as methods of factorial, comparative analysis and more.
Industry development is basically an evolutionary process. It is characterized by continuity, reflects the changes taking place in society, in the economy, in the entire system of socio-economic relations. This process is subject to basic economic laws. The specifics of the impact of these laws on sectoral socio-economic systems must be studied in order to develop an optimal system of control actions when deciding on the location of sectoral enterprises, determining the scale of production, volume and range of products, developing pricing and marketing policies, and establishing sales channels.
The development of industries is always associated either with the direct participation of the state (countries with a command and administrative management system), or with its regulatory impact through the formation of legal, macroeconomic, foreign economic, tax, customs and other regulators (economically developed countries).
Particular attention when studying the economy of the industry should be given to the specifics of the industry structure that has formed in the Russian Federation at the present stage.
This structure is characterized by the highest degree of concentration of production both in the industrial sector itself and in the territorial aspect. The situation is aggravated by the underdevelopment and imperfection of the Russian legal regulation of industry development, in particular, antitrust laws.
Due to the special nature of health care as a branch of the national economy, special attention must be paid to the specifics of the manifestations of economic laws, to the features of the functioning of health care enterprises in various market structures. The importance of studying the conditions for the functioning of healthcare in various industry markets
It is also dictated by the need for state regulation of the development of all healthcare sub-sectors, since any branch of the social sphere should not be subject only to market regulators. This function of the state allows to realize the basic constitutional rights of citizens.
In the course of studying the discipline "Industry Economics", students deepen their theoretical knowledge of macro and microeconomics, master practical skills in the methodology of planning industry development, in applying the basic laws of the market in specific economic conditions, in assessing the effectiveness of a health care enterprise.
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- Abstract. Methods of drug administration, 2010
Subcutaneous administration Intramuscular administration Intravenous administration Intraosseous administration Intraperitoneal administration Intrathoracic and intrapulmonary methods of drug administration Autohemotherapy Bloodletting Intracheal administration Scarring and drug administration
- Administration Methods
AEROSOL INHALATION Endobronchial administration usually results in a high local concentration of the drug without systemic side effects. Examples are bronchodilator P-agonists, inhaled corticosteroids, and pentamidine. However, some inhaled solutions reaching the lung parenchyma are quickly absorbed by the large surface of the capillary bed (e.g.
- Intratracheal administration
In clinical practice for lung diseases, medicinal substances are administered intratracheally using a probe. Before administration, the probe is disinfected and lubricated with petroleum jelly. For large animals, the probe is inserted through the nasal cavity to the pharynx and in between the swallowing movements it is further advanced. With the correct insertion of the probe into the trachea, the animal develops a cough that soon disappears. To
The International Statistical Classification of Diseases (ICD) is the main tool for statistical development of information on public health and the activities of health facilities. It provides methodological unity and comparability of the results of a study of the incidence of the population, causes of death, and reasons for contacting medical institutions, both within the country and between countries.
- INTRODUCTION OF FEEDING
The timely introduction of correctly selected foods for complementary foods contributes to improving health, improving nutritional status and physical development of infants and young children during the period of accelerated growth, and therefore should be the focus of the health care system. Throughout the period of complementary feeding, breast milk should remain the main type of milk,
Today, one of the most sought-after professions is the profession of a psychologist. Currently, more than 150 universities in the country are training relevant specialists. The existing experience of their preparation in high school convincingly proves that the image of the future graduate profession should be the same object of formation as professional knowledge, skills, and ways of thinking. In connection with
- Intradermal vaccine
The intradermal administration of the vaccine for therapeutic purposes is used by cadets in the treatment of patients with toxoplasmosis or brucellosis. In the treatment room of the treatment department, the cadet should independently administer toxoplasmin toxoplasmosis patients intradermally under the supervision of a teacher (intern). Previously, he makes dilutions of the vaccine 10, 100, 1000, 10 000 times and produces a titration test for
Iron deficiency is one of the most common malnutrition in the world and, according to experts, affects more than three billion people. In terms of severity, it ranges from depletion of iron reserves, which does not cause any decrease in physiological activity, to iron deficiency anemia and can affect the mental development and development of motor skills. Special
- INTRODUCTION AND REMOVAL OF IUDS.
Since the methods of administration for different types of IUDs are different from each other, you should get acquainted each time and follow the instructions for the technique of introducing IUDs. The following IUD instructions apply to all types of intrauterine devices. 1. Explain to the patient what the procedure for administering the IUD is. 2. Conduct a thorough gynecological (bimanual) examination for
- Routes of administration of drugs
The choice of the route of administration of drugs depends on the severity of the patient’s condition, the necessary duration of their continuous administration, the nature of the disease, the age of the patient and the manual capabilities of medical personnel. According to the speed of reaching a peak concentration of drugs in the bloodstream, the following routes of drug administration are distinguished: ¦ intra-arterial; ¦ intravenous; ¦ intratracheal; ¦ sublingual (in
- I. INTRODUCTION
Before the introduction of aseptic and antiseptic methods, postoperative mortality reached 80%: patients died from purulent, putrefactive and gangrenous processes. The nature of rotting and fermentation, discovered in 1863 by Louis Pasteur, became an incentive for the development of microbiology and practical surgery, and it has been argued that microorganisms are also the cause of many wound complications. In this essay will be
- Intraosseous injections
They are shown in the following cases: in the presence of injured large veins, intoxication, disorders of the gastrointestinal tract; small animals - with a small diameter of veins; with prolonged drip infusions; in shock, when the veins are in a collapsed state; pigs - if intravenous infusion is difficult. For intraosseous injections, strong needles are used. In the olives of these needles
I would advise you to skip this introduction - it is much more complicated than other sections and can create a misconception about the book. I decided to include it in order to show some readers why our traditional way of thinking is wonderful, but still inadequate. The rear wheels of the car can be excellent, but they themselves are inferior. Having developed one aspect of thinking, we are proud of it and
- Subcutaneous administration
In the treatment of animals, parenteral administration of liquid dosage forms into the body is widely used, that is, bypassing the digestive canal. For these purposes, injection needles, syringes, special devices, various devices are used, strictly observing the rules of asepsis and antiseptics. At the place chosen for the injection, the hair is cut off, the skin is cleaned with alcohol or twice moistened with alcohol