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Tests in the test form

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Tests in a test form are designed to control the level of knowledge in the specialty "Health Economics" among students of medical universities and postgraduate students in the specialty "Public Health and Organization of Health", "Health Economics".

The content of the test items is fully consistent with the educational standard "Industry Economics".

For reference: SD.01 Industry Economics. Industry concept; industry and market; industry structure; economic boundaries of the industry and the factors that determine them; place of industry in the national economy; sources and causes of market power; measurement of market power; economics of location of enterprises, reasons for location, size of the enterprise and factors determining it; concentration of production in the industry; causes, indicators, concentration and oligopoly; concentration and monopoly; integration (horizontal and vertical), diversification; mergers and acquisitions (horizontal and vertical); product differentiation; non-price competition, market structure and product diversity; oligopolistic pricing; oligopolistic interconnection and coordination, price discrimination; industry and economic performance; prospects for the technical, economic and social development of the industry.



Answer standards are given at the end of all test tasks.

The test is rated on the following scale:

“Excellent” 95% of correct answers and more

“Good” 90 - 94% of correct answers

“Satisfactory” 85 - 89% of correct answers

“Unsatisfactory” less than 84% of correct answers



Option 1



Choose one answer option:



! The industry economy is studying:

a) the conditions for the functioning of market structures

b) the conditions for the functioning of the sectors of the economy in various market structures

c) types of market structures and historical conditions of their appearance and development

d) market economy sectors

2. The emergence and development of industries occurs under the law:

a) outstripping growth in the production of capital goods

b) the division and socialization of labor

c) supply and demand

d) cost

3. The health care structure does not include:

a) private health facilities

b) private dental offices

c) veterinary hospitals of all forms of ownership

d) pharmacy kiosks

4. The market is:

a) economic relations associated with the exchange of goods and services, resulting in the formation of demand, supply and price

b) economic relations resulting in competition

c) type of economy of individual countries

d) the environment in which industry enterprises compete

5. The main sources of market power are:

a) concentration of production

b) production cooperation

c) diversification of production

d) economies of scale

6. Tobin coefficient is:

a) an indicator of market power, characterizing the gap between the price of a product and the marginal cost of its production

b) a measure of market power characterizing economic profit per dollar of equity invested

c) a measure of market power based on the concept of cross elasticity of demand

d) a measure of market power relating the market value of a firm to the value of its assets

7. The survival factor of an enterprise in a given territory is not:

a) nature of products

b) nature of production processes

c) promotion of general employment

d) the availability of transport communications

8. The concentration of production is:

a) the creation and development of large enterprises, creating opportunities for more efficient use of high-performance equipment

b) focusing on one company several high-tech industries

c) growth in the number of industries

d) expanding the economic boundaries of the industry

9. Market concentration is:

a) market concentration within a small area

b) market concentration of a large number of sellers of homogeneous goods

c) the degree of prevalence in the market of one or more firms

d) the degree of prevalence in the market of one product having unique properties

10. The source of concentration of production is not:

a) production integration

b) diversification of production

c) the merger of small industries into large

d) strengthening the firm's market power

11. Is not a competitive strategy:

a) diversification

b) price leadership

c) differentiation

d) focus

12. Not a model of oligopolistic pricing

a) price wars

b) conspiracy-based oligopoly

c) price leadership

d) “cost plus”



Option 2



Choose one answer option:

! The industry economy is studying:

a) development factors of industry markets

b) the specifics of national markets

c) the development and functioning of market structures

d) markets as a characteristic of socio-economic development of society

2. The sectoral structure of the national economic complex is:

a) a set of sectors of the national economy, characterized by certain proportions and relationships

b) market structure

c) organizational structure of enterprises within the industry

d) a set of enterprises in this industry

3. Health economics are:

a) a set of organizations, enterprises, firms under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation

b) social economics studying the activities of health facilities

c) a branch of economic science that studies the economic aspects of the activity of the healthcare system, as well as the role of healthcare in the preservation and reproduction of the labor force and the production of the aggregate social product

d) the process of scientific substantiation of the forms and methods of medical care, assessment of its effectiveness

4. The main sources of market power are:

a) monopolistic competition

b) natural monopoly

c) oligopolistic pricing

d) pure monopoly

5. The Bane Index is:

a) an indicator of market power, characterizing the gap between the price of a product and the marginal cost of its production

b) a measure of market power characterizing economic profit per dollar of equity invested

c) a measure of market power based on the concept of cross elasticity of demand

d) a measure of market power relating the market value of a firm to the value of its assets

6. The factor of attractiveness of this enterprise for the territory is not:

a) promotion of general employment

b) environmental impact

c) the availability of transport communications

d) promoting the growth of related industries

7. The factors of concentration of production does not apply:

a) design and technological features of products

b) product portability

c) geographical distribution of markets

d) annual output

8. For the quantitative assessment of market concentration do not use:

a) the number of market sellers

b) market share of sellers

c) market concentration ratios

d) the amount of goods sold and bought in the market

9. Vertical integration happens:

a) ascending and descending

b) result of takeover and merger

c) concentrating and diversifying

d) only downward

10. Marketing factors of non-price competition are:

a) advertising

b) industrial espionage

c) "luring" qualified specialists and VIP managers

d) dumping policy

eleven.
For the oligopolistic market is not typical:

a) a small number of firms supplying the entire market

b) several firms have large market shares in the industry market

c) inability to enter the industry

d) awareness of their interdependence by industry firms

12. Not a model of oligopolistic education:

a) non-conspiracy-based oligopoly

b) price wars

c) price leadership

d) cost plus model



Option 3

Choose one answer option:

! The industry economy is studying:

a) state participation in the management of certain sectors of the economy

b) laws governing the functioning of state-owned enterprises

c) mechanisms of state regulation of industry development

d) forms and methods of state management of economic development

2. The scope of material production includes:

a) public service industries

b) production of spiritual goods

c) industries that deliver wealth to the consumer, transport and communications.

d) production of social services

3. The market for pure (perfect) competition is characterized by:

a) a large number of buyers and sellers, a homogeneous product, limited entry into the industry

b) a large number of buyers and sellers, a homogeneous product, free entry into the industry

c) a large number of buyers and sellers, a unique product, free entry into the industry

d) a limited number of buyers and sellers, a homogeneous product, free entry into the industry

4. The main sources of market power are:

a) administrative barriers

b) administrative law

c) administrative resource

d) team administration of industry development

5. The Papandreou Index is:

a) an indicator of market power, characterizing the gap between the price of a product and the marginal cost of its production

b) a measure of market power characterizing economic profit per dollar of equity invested

c) a measure of market power based on the concept of cross elasticity of demand

d) a measure of market power relating the market value of a firm to the value of its assets

6. Based on the breakeven timetable, it is determined:

a) the minimum allowable volume of production and sales of products

b) the minimum sales volume for each type of product and the minimum allowable volumes to ensure breakeven

c) profit or loss of the company in the next period

d) maximum production volumes and the maximum possible profit of the enterprise

7. The indicators of concentration of production do not include:

a) design and technological features of products

b) annual output

c) average annual number of employees

d) the average annual value of fixed assets

8. The Herfindahl-Hirschman Index characterizes:

a) degree of concentration of production

b) level of market power

c) synergistic effect of the merger

d) degree of market concentration

9. Transaction costs do not include:

a) support costs

b) transaction costs

c) costs incurred as a result of information retrieval

d) enforcement costs

10. Does not apply to factors of non-price competition:

a) improved customer service

b) advertising

c) warranty service

d) discount sales

11. Not a model of oligopolistic pricing

a) non-conspiracy-based oligopoly

b) conspiracy-based oligopoly

c) price wars

d) cost plus model

12.ORES is:

a) international syndicate

b) international cartel

c) international trade organization

d) international treaty of oil exporting countries



Option 4

Choose one answer option:

! The industry economy is studying:

a) management theory of business entities

b) ownership of industry enterprises

c) assessment of the effectiveness of control actions

d) methodological foundations of the effective management of the industry and firm

2. Under the structure of a particular industry is understood:

a) the composition and capacity of enterprises forming the industry b) the division of the industry into certain relatively independent parts, characterized by the specifics of activities

c) the market structure that forms the external environment of the industry

d) types of industry markets

3. The system of national accounts allows you to:

a) determine the general macroeconomic indicators characterizing the dynamics of economic growth

b) the dynamics of the production enterprise

c) general indicators of socio-economic development of the region

d) determine the structure of gross domestic product

4. The main sources of market power are:

a) private ownership of the means of production

b) concentration of production

c) diversification of ownership of the means of production

d) ownership of critical raw materials

5. Lerner index is:

a) an indicator of market power, characterizing the gap between the price of a product and the marginal cost of its production

b) a measure of market power characterizing economic profit per dollar of equity invested

c) a measure of market power based on the concept of cross elasticity of demand

d) a measure of market power relating the market value of a firm to the value of its assets

6. The location of health care enterprises in the territory does not affect:

a) structural diversification of the local economy

b) total employment of the local population

c) the level and quality of life of the population

d) the formation of a positive image of local authorities

7. The criteria for the effectiveness of concentration of production are not:

a) the intensity of use of factors of production

b) production management costs

c) adaptability to reorganize production into new products

d) the intensity of labor of employees

8. Medical - industrial complex is:

a) the association of manufacturers of medical services to reduce production costs

b) a system consisting of elements, each of which is a manufacturer of medical devices

c) a system whose main function is the material production of products and the provision of medical services

d) territorial medical association

9, Does not motivate the company to diversify:

a) the possibility of reducing business risk

b) the ability to access new technologies and resources

c) the pursuit of economies of scale

d) the possibility of obtaining tax benefits

10. Oligopolistic price wars are:

a) obstruction by oligopoly firms of new firms from entering the industry

b) a cycle of successive price reductions by firms competing in the oligopolistic market

c) unfair competition between firms in an oligopoly

d) a cycle of successive price increases by rival oligopolistic firms

11. The price leader is:

a) a producer capable of keeping product prices below market

b) a manufacturer capable of keeping product prices above market

c) the producer making the highest possible profit at the average market prices for his products

d) producer setting prices in the industry market

12. Not a model of oligopolistic pricing:

a) non-conspiracy-based oligopoly

b) conspiracy-based oligopoly

c) price leadership

d) price wars



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