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Complications of withdrawal from anesthesia.

prolonged awakening and apnea

- shiver

- cramps

- respiratory and circulatory disorders

- disorders of sensitivity in the limbs

- hoarseness of voice

- swelling of the ligamentous apparatus

- vomiting

- muscle pain

The prolonged awakening of mb is associated with cerebral hypoxia due to hypotension, hypoventilation, metabolic disorders - acidosis, leading to cerebral edema. It is necessary to differentiate with impaired cerebral circulation (thrombosis, hemorrhage): for which the initial manifestations are the same, but focal symptoms are noted (anisocaria, unilateral paralysis, etc.) - it is necessary to continue mechanical ventilation, drug therapy.

Apnea and prolonged recovery of spontaneous breathing are more often associated with the action of muscle relaxants, metabolic acidosis, and hyperkalemia.

Gastric lavage at the end of surgery - prevention of hiccups and vomiting

Trembling and chills occur after fluorotan - warm the patient

Edema of the ligamentous space (difficulty in noisy breathing - “stridor” - with retraction of the supraclavicular areas, cyanosis, hoarseness, tachycardia require observation in intensive care.

Currently, the main form of non-inhalation anesthesia is intravenous.
For its implementation, the following drugs are used:

- hexenal

- sodium oxybutyrate

- thiopental sodium

- viodryl

- sombrevin

Drugs are available in bottles, in powder, diluted with saline or 5% glucose. All solutions are 2, 5 and 10%. Atropine is administered the day before.

In case of an overdose, caffeine, lobelin, oxygen inhalation are administered.
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Complications of withdrawal from anesthesia.

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