home
about the project
Medical news
For authors
Licensed books on medicine
<< Previous

Complications of withdrawal from anesthesia.

prolonged awakening and apnea

- shiver

- cramps

- respiratory and circulatory disorders

- disorders of sensitivity in the limbs

- hoarseness of voice

- swelling of the ligamentous apparatus

- vomiting

- muscle pain

The prolonged awakening of mb is associated with cerebral hypoxia due to hypotension, hypoventilation, metabolic disorders - acidosis, leading to cerebral edema. It is necessary to differentiate with impaired cerebral circulation (thrombosis, hemorrhage): for which the initial manifestations are the same, but focal symptoms are noted (anisocaria, unilateral paralysis, etc.) - it is necessary to continue mechanical ventilation, drug therapy.

Apnea and prolonged recovery of spontaneous breathing are more often associated with the action of muscle relaxants, metabolic acidosis, and hyperkalemia.

Gastric lavage at the end of surgery - prevention of hiccups and vomiting

Trembling and chills occur after fluorotan - warm the patient

Edema of the ligamentous space (difficulty in noisy breathing - “stridor” - with retraction of the supraclavicular areas, cyanosis, hoarseness, tachycardia require observation in intensive care.



Currently, the main form of non-inhalation anesthesia is intravenous.
For its implementation, the following drugs are used:

- hexenal

- sodium oxybutyrate

- thiopental sodium

- viodryl

- sombrevin

Drugs are available in bottles, in powder, diluted with saline or 5% glucose. All solutions are 2, 5 and 10%. Atropine is administered the day before.

In case of an overdose, caffeine, lobelin, oxygen inhalation are administered.
<< Previous
= Skip to textbook content =

Complications of withdrawal from anesthesia.

  1. Complications of anesthesia
    Complications of anesthesia include vomiting, respiratory arrest, collapse, thrombophlebitis. Vomiting is prevented by a pre-narcotic fasting diet. If vomiting occurs, the head is given a lower position to relieve vomiting and the mouth is cleaned with tampons. Respiratory arrest can be reflexive and due to intoxication in case of drug overdose. When breathing stops, anesthesia
  2. Anesthesia Types and stages of anesthesia
    General anesthesia, or anesthesia, is a condition of the body that is characterized by a temporary shutdown of a person’s consciousness, his pain sensitivity and reflexes, as well as a relaxation of skeletal muscle muscles caused by the action of narcotic analgesics on the central nervous system. Depending on the route of administration of narcotic substances into the body, inhalation and non-inhalation anesthesia is isolated. 1. Theories
  3. Difficulties and complications with obstetric benefits and operations with pelvic presentation of the fetus
    During the first stage of fetal extraction by the pelvic end (extraction to the umbilical ring) during traction and pressure by the obstetrician’s hands not in the area of ​​the inguinal fold, but on the thigh, fracture and damage to the skin are possible, therefore, it is necessary to be well-versed in the correctness of the fetal grip by the inguinal fold . Difficulties (removing the fetus to the lower angle of the shoulder blades) may be
  4. Stage of childbirth: preparatory, fetal and subsequent
    The preparatory stage begins from the first contractions to the full opening of the cervical canal and rupture of the amniotic membranes. At this stage, wave-like contractions of the muscles of the internal genital organs occur. The contractions exert pressure on the fetus and fetal water, as a result of which they are shifted towards the cervix, which causes the opening of its canal. Plots are introduced into the open channel
  5. Ways of water entering the body and removing it
    Water enters the body mainly through the digestive canal, the intake of water with inhaled air is not significant; the formation of oxidation water is of particular importance mainly during fasting. Metabolic water is formed as a result of the breakdown of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. When thawing 1 g of glucose, 17 kJ (4 cal) of energy is released and 0.6 ml of water is formed.
  6. Complications of maintaining anesthesia
    hypoxia and hypercapnia - develops in case of airway obstruction by clots of mucus, blood, a foreign body, impaired tightness of the respiratory system, decreased oxygen concentration, forced patient position on the operating table, and loss of the endotracheal tube. - Hemodynamic disorders: hypotension, arrhythmia, etc., associated not only with anesthesia, but also with trauma
  7. Intracranial and orbital complications in paranasal sinusitis
    Acute and chronic inflammation of the nasal cavity and its adnexal lumps can cause a series of ocular and intracranial complications, which often lead to loss of vision, and sometimes end in the death of the patient. Orbital complications Orbital complications can occur as a result of the transition of the inflammatory process from the paranasal sinuses by contact, because eye socket from all
  8. Emergency conditions for complicated influenza
    D - ka: During an epidemic, the flu is diagnosed taking into account the epidemiological situation. Signs of severe flu and the development of complications: hyperthermia, adynamia, headache, tachycardia, shortness of breath, oliguria, agitation, as well as a critical drop in body temperature due to a decrease in blood pressure and mental retardation (toxic toxic shock), meningeal symptoms and convulsions (cerebral edema) increasing
  9. Lecture. Narcosis, 2011
    Anesthesia components preoperative preparation anesthesia classification inhalation anesthesia anesthesia apparatus and instruments anesthesia stage complications of general anesthesia drugs used for non-inhalation anesthesia
  10. Complications of using the Swan Catheter - Ghana
    The Swan - Ganz catheter should never be inserted without undeniable evidence, and the data obtained with its help must be skillfully interpreted. Wrong decisions resulting from misinterpretation of data are the most common serious “complications” of this technique. In addition to the harmful effects of errors in obtaining or interpreting complication data
  11. Features of anesthesia in complicated births
    When planning childbirth, the following forms of uterine dysfunction are distinguished: pathological preliminary period, discoordination of labor, rapid childbirth, segmental dystocia, uterine tetanus. Delivery in patients with preeclampsia and with serious extragenital pathology is considered to be complicated. The pathological preliminary period is a kind of protective reaction of the pregnant woman’s body
  12. HEADACHES IN OTITIES AND THEIR COMPLICATIONS
    Clinic. The boil of the external auditory canal is characterized by pain in the ear, which sometimes radiates to the teeth, eye, occipital region and even the neck. Less commonly, they are felt throughout the head. The pain intensifies with any displacement of the outer part of the ear, during the movement of the lower jaw (chewing, talking), pressure on the tragus and pulling the auricle. In acute otitis media, headaches are more common.
  13. Complications of the use of double-lumen endobronchial tubes
    Severe complications when using double-lumen endobronchial tubes include: (1) hypoxemia if the tube is in the wrong position or is occluded; (2) traumatic laryngitis (especially when using a hooked tube); (3) rupture of the trachea or bronchi with excessive inflation of the bronchial cuff; (4) inadvertent fixation of the tube to the bronchus by ligatures during surgery (detected by
Medical portal "MedguideBook" © 2014-2019
info@medicine-guidebook.com