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Damage to the external nose is very common. The degree of damage to soft tissues, bone and cartilage skeleton depends on the nature of the injury, the direction and strength of the impact. The nasal bones and septum are most often damaged, and fractures of the frontal processes of the upper jaw and the walls of the paranasal sinuses are less common. Sometimes there is damage to the nose with a break in its tip or edge. Injuries to the nose are always accompanied by heavy bleeding. Complaints of pain in the nose, bleeding, with the formation of a hematoma of the nasal septum - difficulty in nasal breathing. In cases of nasal bone fracture with displacement of bone fragments, deformation of the external nose is noted.
Stop bleeding and reposition of bone fragments with their subsequent fixation. Hospitalization in the ENT department.
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- Nose injuries
Damage to the external nose and walls of the nasal cavity are more often observed in men and in children. Injuries to the skin of the nose are found in the form of a bruise, bruising, abrasion, and injury. During the examination, it must be borne in mind that damage often only appears to be superficial in appearance, but actually penetrates more deeply; in such a wound there may be a hardly detectable foreign body;
- Mechanical injuries of the external nose. Emergency treatment
Damage to the external nose and walls of the nasal cavity is more often observed in men and in children. Injuries to the skin of the nose are found in the form of a bruise, bruising, abrasion, and injury. During the examination, it must be borne in mind that damage often only appears to be superficial in appearance, but actually penetrates more deeply; in such a wound there may be a foreign body; these damages
- Injuries to the nose and sinuses
The nature of the injury depends on the strength and direction of the impact. There are open and closed herbs. Most of them are accompanied by nosebleeds, and with severe trauma, loss of consciousness and shock can occur. Stopping bleeding, if possible - reduction of bone fragments under anesthesia.
- Medical sorting of injured ear, nose, throat
On the battlefield and on the BCH, the victims are divided into two groups: - the first - the wounded with signs of suffocation (frequent hoarse breathing, blueness of the face, motor anxiety) or with bleeding from the nose, ear, mouth, and neck. The wounded of this group are assisted and evacuated to the MPP in the first place; - the second - wounded with damage to the ENT organs without signs of suffocation and bleeding,
- Characteristics of medical care for injuries of the ear, throat, nose
Those injured with mechanical trauma of ENT organs receive assistance at the stages of pre-medical, first medical and qualified care only for respiratory distress, ongoing bleeding, heavy blood loss and shock. In emergency care due to bleeding from damage to the blood vessels and respiratory tract, approximately 10.5% of the ENT of the wounded are in need (bleeding is observed in 7.5%
- Deformations of the nasal septum, synechia and atresia of the nasal cavity
The etiologic deformation of the nasal septum may be due to physiological, traumatic, and compensatory factors. Physiological curvature occurs when there is a mismatch in the growth of the nasal septum and the bone frame into which it is inserted. The growth of the septum is slightly ahead of the growth of the facial skeleton, so its curvature occurs. In childhood, physiological
- LESSON 13 First aid for injuries. Closed soft tissue damage. Traumatic brain injuries. Damage to the chest. Transport immobilization for injuries.
Purpose: To teach students the differentiological diagnosis of various traumatic conditions, the rules of first aid to the victim. Test questions 1. Injury. Definition Classification of injuries. 2. Closed soft tissue damage. Injury. First aid. 3. Stretching. Complaints First aid. 4. The gap. Complaints First aid. 5. The syndrome of prolonged crushing. Pathogenesis. The clinical picture.
- The mechanism of injury. Classification of injury types
A. External forces Newton’s law of inertia: “A moving body continues to move until an external force acts on it.” 1. The horizontal moment. Force = MA = MDD = V2 - V1 / t = braking V2 = final speed V1 = initial speed 2. Gravity. Force = GmM / R2 = mg g = GM / R2 = acceleration due to gravity = 9.8 m / s2 R = radius of the Earth; G = grav. Constant; M = mass
- Anatomy of the nose
In clinical and anatomical terms, the nose is divided into external and internal departments. The external nose, nasus externus, is an important anatomical component of the face, largely determining its individual characteristics. The external shape of the nose is compared with a trihedral pyramid. In the outer nose, there are: 1) the root located between both eye sockets, 2) the tip (tip) of the nose, 3) the back
- Fracture of the bones of the nose and paranasal sinuses
Case: Face asymmetry is determined in the form of deformation of the external nose, sinus front wall sagging, skin damage, palpation pain (sometimes with a crunch, crepitation of bone fragments and air in the subcutaneous tissues), edema, eyelid hematoma and usually bleeding from the nose. Depending on the depth of damage, fractures can be isolated or combined with a head injury
- NOSE CAVITY
The nasal cavity (cavitas nasi) is the initial section of the respiratory tract and, at the same time, the organ of smell. Passing through the nasal cavity, the air either cools, or warms up, moisturizes and purifies. The nasal cavity is formed by the outer nose and bones of the facial skull, divided by a septum into two symmetrical halves. The nostrils are the front openings in the nasal cavity, and through the choanas are the back openings