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Damage to various parts of the ear occurs when a number of factors act: mechanical, chemical, thermal, and radiation.
Damage to the auricle. The main symptom is the appearance of a fluctuating swelling of a bluish color in the auricle. Small otogematomas resolve independently.
Emergency care: extensive otogematomas should be punctured, the contents should be evacuated, a pressure bandage applied for several days. For mechanical damage to the outer ear with a violation of the integrity of the tissues, stopping bleeding, surgical treatment of the wound, suturing, and the appointment of anti-inflammatory drugs are required.
Damage to the eardrum can be the result of careless manipulations in the external auditory canal with sharp objects, due to exposure to caustic fluid or a temperature factor. There is pain and noise in the ear, dizziness, hearing loss, bleeding.
Emergency therapy is limited to the introduction of a sterile swab into the external auditory canal to prevent infection of the middle ear, urgent hospitalization.
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- EAR INJURY, FOREIGN BODY OF THE EAR
In case of an external ear injury, first aid is similar to first aid for injuries. Damage to the eardrum can occur during explosions, diving, during diving operations. The rupture of the membrane is accompanied by pain, hearing loss, minor bleeding from the ear. First aid: - insert a sterile cotton swab into the external auditory meatus; - put on the ear
- Ear injuries
Ear damage occurs when a variety of factors act in peacetime (domestic, industrial, transportation, sports injuries, etc.), and it is especially common during a war. Injury may damage various parts of the ear. However, combined injuries are more often observed when organs adjacent to the ear are damaged. Among the damaging factors, the most common are
- Ear Injury
According to the damage-causing factor, ear injuries are divided into mechanical injuries, thermal injuries, electrical injuries, actinotrauma (damage by radiant energy), chemo-injuries, aku, vibro-, baro- and accelereotrauma. They arise in domestic conditions, in production, transport, during sports and in military service. Injuries are isolated and combined with damage to neighboring organs (brain,
- Medical sorting of injured ear, nose, throat
On the battlefield and on the BCH, the victims are divided into two groups: - the first - the wounded with signs of suffocation (frequent hoarse breathing, blueness of the face, motor anxiety) or with bleeding from the nose, ear, mouth, and neck. The wounded of this group are assisted and evacuated to the MPP in the first place; - the second - wounded with damage to the ENT organs without signs of suffocation and bleeding,
- Characteristics of medical care for injuries of the ear, throat, nose
Those injured with mechanical trauma of ENT organs receive assistance at the stages of pre-medical, first medical and qualified care only for respiratory distress, ongoing bleeding, heavy blood loss and shock. In emergency care due to bleeding from damage to the blood vessels and respiratory tract, approximately 10.5% of the ENT of the wounded are in need (bleeding is observed in 7.5%
- LESSON 13 First aid for injuries. Closed soft tissue damage. Traumatic brain injuries. Damage to the chest. Transport immobilization for injuries.
Purpose: To teach students the differentiological diagnosis of various traumatic conditions, the rules of first aid to the victim. Test questions 1. Injury. Definition Classification of injuries. 2. Closed soft tissue damage. Injury. First aid. 3. Stretching. Complaints First aid. 4. The gap. Complaints First aid. 5. The syndrome of prolonged crushing. Pathogenesis. The clinical picture.
- The mechanism of injury. Classification of injury types
A. External forces Newton’s law of inertia: “A moving body continues to move until an external force acts on it.” 1. The horizontal moment. Force = MA = MDD = V2 - V1 / t = braking V2 = final speed V1 = initial speed 2. The action of gravity. Force = GmM / R2 = mg g = GM / R2 = acceleration due to gravity = 9.8 m / s2 R = radius of the Earth; G = grav. Constant; M = mass
- Middle ear chronic inflammation
Causes Acute purulent otitis media of the middle ear, suffered from acute respiratory viral infections, scarlet fever, tonsillitis, measles, diseases of the upper respiratory tract, middle ear injury. Symptoms Frequent profuse suppuration from the ear with an unpleasant odor, hearing loss, periodic exacerbations of inflammation in the middle ear. Often, cholesteatom masses are released from the ear. Possible increase in temperature. First Aid Alcohol
- Syphilis ear
Manifestations of secondary syphilis (roseola, papule) on the skin of the outer ear are noted simultaneously with a similar lesion of other areas of the skin. Of greatest importance in syphilis of the ear is the process localized in the inner ear. Distinguish between congenital and acquired forms of the disease. With a congenital form, damage to the inner ear is detected at the age of 10-20 years and it manifests itself in a triad
- Ear leprosy
The manifestation of leprosy of the outer ear is observed with skin lesions. In the skin of the auricle (lobe and curl), nodes are formed where pain and tactile sensitivity are reduced. Sometimes there is a degeneration of the nervous apparatus of the inner ear with manifestations of sensorineural hearing loss. Patients with infectious granulomas are urgently sent to the hospital, are examined under Art. 3, 4,6
- MIDDLE EAR DISEASES
Middle ear diseases represent the most clinically and socially important group. They often get sick adults and especially children. The result of these diseases is hearing loss, leading to a decrease in social activity, professional suitability and degree of fitness for military service. Finally, middle ear diseases can cause intracranial complications, which threaten fatal
- Ear bleeding
They are the consequences of an injury to the ear canal, eardrum, or medial wall of the tympanic cavity. Bloody discharge can be with rupture of the eardrum, with acute otitis media, with external and secondary otitis media of influenza etiology. Such bleeding is accompanied by pain, hearing loss, dizziness, and imbalance. Ear bleeding, often
- Malignant tumors of the ear
Malignant tumors of the ear can be both primary, i.e. developed directly in a particular department of the ear, and arising from the germination of tumors from neighboring organs and tissues. In the outer and middle ear, cancer is more often diagnosed in adults, and sarcoma in children. Of the other species, there may be melanoma. The course of tumors of the outer ear is relatively slow, they look like
- Syphilis ear
Congenital syphilis is characterized by damage to the inner ear and appears at the age of 8 to 20 years. Bilateral pronounced sensorineural hearing loss develops (the Getchinson triad - deformity of incisors, parenchymal keratitis and cochlear neuritis) with a decrease, less often loss of vestibular function. Often there is a positive symptom of Anber - pressor nystagmus with a whole drum