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Sanitary and epidemiological welfare of the population

Sanitary and epidemiological welfare of the population is ensured by a set of organizational, legal and economic measures in accordance with the Federal Law "On Sanitary and Epidemiological Welfare of the Population" dated March 30, 1999 No. 52-FZ, which uses the following concepts:

sanitary and epidemiological well-being of the population - the state of public health, the human environment, in which there is no harmful effect of environmental factors on the person, and favorable living conditions are provided;

safe conditions for humans - the state of the environment in which there is no danger of the harmful effects of its factors on humans (Article 1);

harmful effects on humans - the effects of environmental factors that pose a threat to human life or health or to the health of future generations (Article 1);

environmental factors - biological (viral, bacterial, parasitic and others), chemical, physical (noise, vibration, ultrasound, infrasound, thermal, ionizing, non-ionizing and other radiation), social (nutrition, water supply, living conditions, work, rest) and other environmental factors that have or may have an impact on humans and (or) the health status of future generations (Article 1).

Sanitary and epidemiological well-being is ensured through (extract from Article 2):

disease prevention in accordance with the sanitary and epidemiological situation;

development and implementation of federal and regional targeted programs to ensure sanitary and epidemiological welfare of the population;

implementation of sanitary and anti-epidemic measures and mandatory compliance by citizens with sanitary rules;

state sanitary and epidemiological regulation and supervision;

product certification and licensing of certain types of activities;

conducting social and hygienic monitoring;

scientific research in the field of ensuring the sanitary and epidemiological well-being of the population;

measures to timely inform the population about the occurrence of infectious diseases, the state of the environment and ongoing preventive measures;

measures for hygienic education and training of the population and promotion of a healthy lifestyle;

measures to hold accountable for violation of the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of ensuring sanitary and epidemiological welfare of the population.

The rights of citizens - citizens have the right to a favorable environment, the factors of which do not have a harmful effect on humans; receive information from state authorities, bodies and institutions of the sanitary-epidemiological service, from legal entities on the state of the environment, the quality and safety of industrial and technical products, food products, goods for personal and domestic needs, potential health risks for work performed and services provided; carry out public control over the implementation of sanitary rules; make proposals on ensuring the sanitary and epidemiological well-being of the population; to compensate in full the damage caused to their health or property as a result of violation by other citizens, individual entrepreneurs and legal entities of the sanitary legislation (extracts from Article 8).

Obligations of citizens - citizens are obliged to fulfill the requirements of sanitary legislation, as well as decrees, regulations and sanitary and epidemiological conclusions of officials carrying out state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance; take care of the health, hygienic education and education of their children; not to carry out actions that entail a violation of the rights of other citizens to protect health and a favorable living environment (Article 10).

Sanitary and epidemiological welfare is controlled by the Federal Service for Supervision of Consumer Rights Protection and Human Welfare (Rospotrebnadzor) (Gennady Grigoryevich Onishchenko - ensuring sanitary and epidemiological well-being of the population) through regional branches - State Consumer Supervision (RPN) Centers (formerly Sanitary-Epidemiological Supervision (SSES), the main functions which are: preventive, ongoing sanitary surveillance, anti-epidemic work, improving the sanitary culture of the population, monitoring public health.

The tasks of preventive sanitary supervision include: ensuring compliance with sanitary standards in the design and construction of various structures, enterprises, schools, hospitals, sanatoriums, measures for the protection of atmospheric air, water, soil, as well as monitoring the production and release of bacterial preparations, vaccines, serum, monitoring the compliance of industrial products, food products with sanitary and hygienic standards and the requirements of state standards (GOST).

Current sanitary supervision of the sanitary condition of existing, commissioned facilities (industrial, municipal, children's, etc.) is carried out by sanitary doctors of the corresponding RPN departments and their assistants.
This supervision is carried out by systematic monitoring of the sanitary condition of the facilities, presenting the administration with specific sanitary and hygienic requirements based on the current sanitary legislation and monitoring their implementation.

The Department of Municipal Hygiene monitors the condition of the locality (city, town), as well as individual dwellings and public places, hairdressers, bath houses, dormitories, cinemas, etc. Municipal supervision includes: monitoring the cleaning of cities, sanitary protection of water sources with systematic laboratory control of water quality, monitoring of wastewater treatment, sanitary protection of atmospheric air.

Under the sanitary supervision of the food hygiene department there are places of production, transportation, sale, storage and consumption of food products (food industry enterprises, meat plants, slaughterhouses, dairy plants, shops, stalls, markets, canteens, buffets, etc.). Much attention is paid to improving the sanitary and technical literacy of the staff of food enterprises. According to the law, all employees who come into contact with food, as well as employees serving public service enterprises (hairdressers, saunas) must undergo medical monitoring.

The occupational health department carries out sanitary control at industrial enterprises of any form of ownership; monitors their sanitary condition, compliance with established standards and requirements with regard to ventilation, lighting, microclimate, dust, noise and other industrial hazards. The occupational health doctor also monitors the timely issuance of protective equipment to workers. The RPN keeps records and investigates the causes of occupational diseases.

The department of hygiene of children and adolescents carries out sanitary supervision of children's educational institutions, medical institutions (pre-school institutions, schools, children's clinics and hospitals, physical education institutions, etc.). The main objective of this department is to study the interaction of the child’s body with the environment and the development of hygienic standards and requirements aimed at protecting and promoting health, harmonious development and improvement of the functional capabilities of the body of children and adolescents.

Anti-epidemic measures are an integral part of sanitary work. It is quite obvious that the fight against infectious diseases requires the active participation of the entire network of medical institutions: early diagnosis of infectious diseases, hospitalization of patients, vaccination, monitoring and treatment of bacterial carriers, ongoing and final disinfection. Organizational and supervisory work is carried out by the EPI anti-epidemiological department.

Hygienic education and training of citizens are mandatory, aimed at improving their sanitary culture, preventing diseases and disseminating knowledge about a healthy lifestyle; hygienic education and training is carried out in the process of education and training in preschool and other educational institutions (extracts from Article 36). It is a mandatory section of each medical institution and each medical worker.
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Sanitary and epidemiological welfare of the population

  1. Section III Ensuring the sanitary-epidemiological well-being of the population
    Article 18. Sanitary and epidemic well-being of the population. Sanitary and epidemic well-being of the population of the USSR is ensured by comprehensive sanitary-hygienic and sanitary-epidemiological measures and a system of state sanitary supervision. Conducting sanitary-hygienic and sanitary - anti-epidemic measures aimed at improving the environment
  2. Instruction on the procedure for the implementation by bodies and institutions of the sanitary-epidemiological service of the state sanitary supervision of the sanitary condition of health facilities
    (Approved by Order of the USSR M3 of March 23, 76 No. 228) In accordance with the Regulation on State Sanitary Inspection in the USSR, approved by Decree of the Council of Ministers of the USSR dated May 31, 73 No. 361, the sanitary and epidemiological service is entrusted with the supervision of sanitary and epidemiological control events and compliance by institutions and institution managers
    An effective and efficient system of state regulation and control of food quality and safety has developed in Russia, which is based on an integrated approach to products, assessment and regulation of food quality at all stages of its production, processing, storage, transportation and sale. This system includes bodies of state supervision and control:
  4. State Sanitary and Epidemiological Surveillance
    State sanitary and epidemiological surveillance of the Russian Federation is a system of bodies and institutions that ensure the sanitary and epidemiological welfare of the population. Sanitary and epidemic well-being - a set of sanitary-hygienic and anti-epidemic measures aimed at preventing and eliminating environmental pollution, and improving
  5. State sanitary supervision in the field of sanitary protection of soil and cleaning of settlements
    Sanitary protection of the soil provides for: measures to prevent its pollution by household and industrial solid and liquid wastes, mineral fertilizers, pesticides and other exogenous chemicals; supervision of the correct structure, maintenance and operation of facilities for the disposal, elimination and disposal of waste; safe use controls
    The sanitary-epidemiological service began to develop in the 20-30s of the XX century. The main structural unit was the sanitary-epidemiological station. The main task is to create sanitary and epidemiological welfare by conducting preventive and ongoing sanitary and hygienic surveillance, compliance with sanitary legislation and sanitary and epidemiological protection of state borders.
  7. The structure of the sanitary and epidemiological service
    The sanitary service is headed by the chief state sanitary doctor of the Republic of Belarus, deputy. The Minister of Health, the lead agency of the Sanitary and Epidemiological Service, is the Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology. The chief state sanitary doctor submits to the chief sanitary doctors of the regional city and district centers of hygiene, epidemiology and public health (TsGEEOZ),
  8. Sanitary and epidemiological assessment of soil quality
    Sanitary assessment of soil is guided by SanPiN "Sanitary and epidemiological requirements for soil quality", MU "Hygienic assessment of soil quality of populated areas". Sanitary rules establish requirements for the quality of soil in populated areas, and compliance with hygiene standards when placing, designing, constructing, reconstructing the operation of facilities
  9. Sanitary and epidemiological examination of public catering establishments
    Purpose of the lesson: To get acquainted with the methodology of the sanitary-epidemiological examination of public catering enterprises. Work content: 1. Acquaintance with the goals and objectives of the sanitary-epidemiological survey of public catering enterprises. 2. Preparation for the examination. 3. The main issues to be studied in the survey of catering.
  10. General assessment of the sanitary-epidemiological state of public catering enterprises
    The overall assessment of the sanitary-epidemiological state is scored by 5 main factors of the sanitary-epidemiological risk of food poisoning and infectious diseases (Table 17). The condition of the catering enterprise is evaluated in points: • subject to all sanitary and hygienic rules - 100 points; • satisfactory condition of the enterprise - 91-100
  11. Sanitary and epidemiological requirements for public catering establishments
    The production of high-quality products at public catering enterprises and the health status of consumers largely depend on compliance with the requirements of the sanitary and epidemiological rules of SP “Sanitary and epidemiological requirements for public catering organizations, the manufacture and turnover of food products and food raw materials in them”. Quality and
  12. The main goals and objectives of the sanitary-epidemiological survey of public catering establishments
    The EPP survey is an important section of the work of the State Sanitary and Epidemiological Surveillance and other regulatory organizations. The main purpose of the survey is to identify potential sanitary and epidemiological violations that could adversely affect the quality of products and the health status of consumers and staff. The main tasks of the sanitary-epidemiological
  13. Sanitary and epidemiological requirements for the design of EPP
    The production of high-quality products at EPP and the health status of the population served depend on many factors, including the rational design of the enterprise. When designing and reconstructing EPP, it is necessary to ensure the most important hygiene tasks: • compliance with the set of premises and the area and capacity of the enterprise; • rational organization of labor;
  14. Branches of sanitary and epidemiological activities
    Housing and communal sanitation. Tasks: • Planning and construction of populated areas. • Sanitary improvement of cities, towns, villages (ie water supply, sewage, cleaning, gardening). • Sanitary protection of air, water supply, soil, dwellings, public buildings. Disposal of domestic and public wastewater. The fight against the noise. • Monitoring workers' health
  15. Rules for conducting control measures in the implementation of state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance
    Control measures during the implementation of state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance are carried out in accordance with Federal Law of March 30, 1999 N 52-ФЗ “On the sanitary and epidemiological well-being of the population” by officials of bodies and institutions authorized to carry out state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance. When conducting control activities
  16. Sanitary and epidemiological evaluation of catering projects
    Purpose: to get acquainted with the sanitary and epidemiological expertise of catering projects. Work content: 1. Consider and give a sanitary and epidemiological assessment: the type of the enterprise; territory and master plan of the site; building layout; the recruitment and placement of commercial, industrial, warehouse, administrative and technical premises; accommodation
    One of the most important requirements for the work of public catering enterprises is the release of benign, epidemically flawless products. This can only be achieved if certain requirements for the operation of the catering business are fully met. These requirements are set forth in various regulatory documents,
  18. State sanitary supervision and laboratory control in the field of water supply in populated areas
    In accordance with the current legislation, the state executive authorities, local and regional self-government bodies are required to provide residents of populated areas with high-quality drinking water in sufficient quantities (Law of Ukraine "On Ensuring the Sanitary and Epidemic Welfare of the Population", Article 18). To solve the problem of rational water supply in populated areas, important
  19. Государственный санитарный надзор за планировкой, застройкой и благоустройством населенных мест
    Одним из основных принципов деятельности санитарно-эпидемиологических учреждений является осуществление санитарного надзора за планировкой и застройкой населенных мест. Права и обязанности санитарно-эпидемиологической службы в области санитарного надзора определяются "Основами законодательства Украины о здравоохранении", законом Украины "Об обеспечении санитарного и эпидемического благополучия
  20. Sanitary and epidemiological requirements for the location, territory and master plan of the site
    Placement of EPP and the provision of land is allowed in the presence of a sanitary-epidemiological conclusion on their compliance with sanitary rules and norms. POP can be located both as a separate building, and annexed, built-in attached to residential and public buildings in non-residential floors of residential buildings, in public buildings, as well as in industrial and other
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