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Question 29. Prevention of infectious diseases

Infectious diseases are a group of diseases caused by the penetration of pathogenic (pathogenic) microorganisms into the body. In order for a pathogenic microbe to cause an infectious disease, it must have virulence (poisonous; Lat. Virus - poison), that is, the ability to overcome the body's resistance and exhibit toxic effects. Some pathogenic agents cause poisoning of the body by exotoxins (tetanus, diphtheria) that they secrete during their life, while others release toxins (endotoxins) when their bodies (cholera, typhoid) are destroyed.

One of the features of infectious diseases is the presence of an incubation period, that is, a period from the time of infection to the appearance of the first signs. The duration of this period depends on the method of infection and the type of pathogen and can last from several hours to several years (the latter is rare).
The place where microorganisms enter the body is called the entrance gate of infection. Each type of disease has its own entrance gate, for example, cholera vibrio penetrates the body through the mouth and is not able to penetrate the skin.

Preventive measures:

increasing the body's resistance to hygiene and physical education;

carrying out preventive vaccinations;

quarantine activities;

cure the source of infection.

Quarantine is a set of measures to stop the spread of infection, this includes the isolation of previously sick, disinfection of the place of residence, identification of contacts with patients, etc.
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Question 29. Prevention of infectious diseases

  1. GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT INFECTIOUS DISEASES. CONDITIONS OF THE ORIGIN AND DISTRIBUTION OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES, GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF THEIR PREVENTION
    The emergence and spread of various microbial diseases is due to the fact that some microbes under certain conditions can acquire the properties of pathogens. These are the so-called pathogenic microorganisms. Pathogenic microorganisms can cause various diseases, including infectious ones. It is known that pathogenic microorganisms are characterized by strict specificity, i.e.
  2. GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF PREVENTION OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES
    An important role in the epidemic process — the emergence and spread of infectious diseases — belongs to social factors. In our country, much attention is paid to measures aimed at the prevention of infectious diseases. Prevention of infectious diseases is a complex of various measures, among which the most important are: • increasing the level of
  3. General requirements for the prevention of infectious diseases.
    In order to prevent the occurrence and spread of infectious diseases, a complex of organizational, engineering, medical, preventive, hygienic and anti-epidemic (related to the elimination of emerging cases of diseases) measures should be carried out. The complex of preventive measures includes: • providing the population with benign drinking water;
  4. "Theme 7. Infectious diseases and their prevention"
    "Topic 7. Infectious diseases and their
  5. The importance of personal hygiene for the prevention of infectious diseases
    School is not only a “temple of knowledge”, but also a place of gathering of a large number of people. In the face of infection, the school can become one of the foci of the disease. This is due to the fact that children, not yet possessing strong and stable immunity, do not always adequately fulfill the requirements of personal hygiene. Teachers and parents need to remember: from how much children will be accustomed to monitor
  6. Health damaging factors. Infectious diseases and their prevention. Addiction.
    Health damaging factors. Infectious diseases and their prevention.
  7. Immunity, its types. Features of immunity at an early age. Allergy and anaphylaxis. Measures for the prevention of infectious diseases in institutions.
    Immunity - the body's immunity to the causative agents of any disease: 1. Natural: * Congenital - inherited; * Acquired - produced as a result of illness, produces its own antibodies; 2. Artificial: * Active - use of vaccines (ready-made antibodies); * Passive - injected serum, which is made from the patient’s blood plasma
  8. Question 27 Infectious process
    - a complex multicomponent process of the dynamic interaction of infectious pathogenic agents with macroorganism, characterized by the development of a complex of typical pathological reactions, systemic functional changes, hormonal status disorders, specific immunological defense mechanisms and non-specific resistance factors. Infectious process forms the basis
  9. SESSION 9 First aid for febrile illnesses. Thermometry technique. Emergency care for infectious diseases, their prevention. Patient care (gastric lavage, enemas). Curation of patients.
    Purpose: To teach students the diffdiagnosis of febrile conditions and the rules of first aid. To familiarize with the main infectious diseases and measures for their prevention. To teach practical skills in caring for the sick and the basics of supervision. Test questions 1. What is called fever? The clinical picture. The degree of increase in body temperature. 2. Tell us about the method of thermometry.
  10. PREVENTION OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES
    Prevention of infectious diseases occupies a leading place in the Soviet health care system; it is ensured by the implementation of widespread preventive and anti-epidemic measures, as well as measures for the sanitary protection of the USSR from the importation and spread of quarantine and other infectious diseases (including AIDS). Infectious Disease Prevention Issues
  11. Infectious Disease Prevention
    The main direction in health care is not to obtain new methods of treating infectious diseases, but to comply with preventive measures. In the complex of preventive measures, one can distinguish a number of measures aimed at the three links of the epidemic process: the source of the disease; To prevent the occurrence of the source of the disease and to localize it: 1)
  12. Prevention of Infectious Endocarditis
    Secondary prophylaxis of IE is carried out for patients with a high risk of developing the disease before medical procedures and operations that cause transient bacteremia (tooth and granule extraction, urinary tract catheterization, tonsillectomy, abortion, surgical treatment of boils, carbuncles; prolonged venous catheterization, chronic hemodialysis, stomach surgery and
  13. Lectures. Clinic, diagnosis, prevention of infectious diseases, 2010
    The material provides information on clinical and laboratory diagnostics, specific and non-specific prevention of infectious diseases including rabies, botulism, typhoid fever, paratyphoid fever, viral hepatitis, influenza, dysentery, diphtheria, measles, rubella. malaria, meningococcal and mumps infections, salmonellosis, anthrax and
  14. Health effects of production factors. Hygiene of mental and physical labor. Prevention of overwork. Industrial hazards and occupational diseases. The main directions of their prevention
    Productive activity is an integral part of the life of an adult able-bodied person. At the same time, the production process and factors of the working environment have a multilateral effect on the human body. The scientific direction of preventive medicine in the field of hygienic aspects of human labor is occupational hygiene or (in recent years) - medicine
  15. The list of questions to prepare for the certification of doctors on the topic "Prevention of nosocomial infections"
    The urgency of the problem of nosocomial infections. 2. The prevalence and structure of nosocomial infections. Economic damage. 3. The concept of nosocomial infection. 4. Epidemiology of nosocomial infections. 5. Prevention of nosocomial infection. 6. Infection control (IR). 7. Epidemiological diagnostics in the infection control system. 8. The concept of prevention of nosocomial infections 9. Sanitary and anti-epidemic regime
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