about the project
Medical news
For authors
Licensed books on medicine
<< Previous Next >>


Eye damage is noted in the secondary period of syphilis, most often in the form of iritis. Patients complain of pain, photophobia, and lacrimation. On examination, pericorneal injection, narrowing of the pupil and a sluggish reaction to light and convergence are found. On the iris, a rash of small, papule sized, pin-sized pellets is often noted. Damage resulting from syphilitic iritis can lead to glaucoma.

Parenchymal keratitis occurs in the secondary and tertiary periods of syphilis. It is characterized by the one-sidedness of the process, relative goodness, and lends itself well to antisyphilitic therapy. Syphilitic chorioretinitis, uveitis, retinitis, optic neuritis are much less common.

Eye damage in the tertiary period of syphilis occurs in the form of iridocyclitis and chorioretinitis.
The most serious manifestation of late syphilis is atrophy of the optic nerve, which occurs in isolation or in combination with a spinal cord and ends with a decrease or complete loss of vision.

Lesions of the auditory analyzer can be observed already in the primary period of syphilis. They manifest as hearing loss, the frequency of which increases in the secondary and early latent period of syphilis. Mostly bilateral damage to the inner ear is noted, less often - the root of the VIII pair of cranial nerves. In tertiary syphilis, some patients may develop deafness.
<< Previous Next >>
= Skip to textbook content =


    The fact of transmission of syphilis to offspring was established in the late 15th - early 16th centuries. For several centuries, the question of the mechanism of transmission of syphilitic infection remained unclear. For centuries, the germinative hypothesis was dominant, according to which syphilis is transmitted to the fetus only by the father through a sperm that directly infects the egg cell. According to this view, a child with syphilis
  2. Congenital syphilis. Fetal syphilis
    Under the influence of treponem, changes that occur in the placenta make it functionally inferior, as a result of which its intrauterine death occurs at the 6-7th month of pregnancy. The dead fruit is pushed out on the 3-4th day, usually in a macerated state. The macerated fruit, compared with a normally developing fruit of the same age, has significantly smaller sizes and weights. Leather
    Currently, there is a large group of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Classification of STIs (WHO, 1982) Bacterial nature 1. Syphilis and other treponematoses (pint, frambesia, bezhel) 2. Gonorrhea 3. Chancroid 4. Venereal lymphogranulomatosis 5. Donovanosis 6. Urogenital chlamydia and Reiter’s disease 7. Urogenital mycoplasmosis (in t .h.
  4. The course of the secondary and tertiary periods of syphilis. Malignant course of syphilis
    Secondary period. This period begins with the onset of the first generalized rashes (on average 2.5 months after infection) and lasts in most cases for 2–4 years. The duration of the secondary period is individual and is determined by the characteristics of the patient's immune system. In the secondary period, the most pronounced wave-like course of syphilis, i.e., alternation
  5. Tertiary syphilis. Congenital syphilis.
    Tertiary syphilis. Congenital
  6. Treatment of patients with syphilis. Cure criterion. Clinical examination of patients with syphilis
  7. Syphilis Classification
    1. Primary seronegative syphilis. 2. Primary seropositive syphilis. 3. Primary latent syphilis. This group includes patients who, during the entire first course of treatment, persistently negative standard serological reactions persist. 4. Secondary fresh syphilis. 5. Secondary recurrent syphilis. 6. Secondary latent syphilis. This group includes patients
  8. A. N. Rodionov. Syphilis, 2000
    History Epidemiology Etiology Pathogenesis Reinfection and superinfection in syphilis Classification of syphilis General principles for the clinical diagnosis of syphilis Clinical manifestations of syphilis .......
  9. Abstract. Syphilis, 2010
    Introduction: what is syphilis? General principles for the diagnosis of syphilis. Laboratory diagnosis of syphilis. How to interpret tests on
  10. Syphilis
    Syphilis is a chronic sexually transmitted disease caused by damage to the skin, mucous membranes, internal organs, bones and nervous system. Congenital syphilis is an infectious disease, the infection of which occurred from a mother with syphilis in the period of fetal development. Congenital syphilis develops as a result of the pathogen entering the fetus through the placenta.
  11. Syphilis
    DEFINITION Early congenital syphilis is an intrauterine infection that occurs in a child under the age of 2 years. EPIDEMIOLOGY The incidence rate of congenital syphilis per 100,000 children was 2.8 in 1998 compared with 0.04 in 1990. In 1998, 837 children with congenital syphilis were registered in Russia. CLASSIFICATION Distinguish manifest early congenital syphilis (with
  12. Syphilis
    1. Is there a congenital form of syphilis: a) yes b) no The correct answer: a 2. Is the exudative-tissue reaction characteristic of the secondary period of syphilis: a) yes b) no The correct answer: a 3. Indicate the constituent elements of gum: a) sclerosis b) lymphoid cells c) histiocytes d) leprous spheres Correct answer: b 4. What are the types of tissue reactions with acquired syphilis: a) productive-atrophic
  13. Congenital syphilis
    Congenital syphilis (syphilis congenita) occurs due to infection of the fetus during pregnancy. In newborns, the development of acquired syphilis is also possible, which appears when a child is infected during childbirth. The source of infection of the fetus is only a mother with syphilis. The frequency of infection of children and the severity of congenital syphilis depend on the duration and
    There are various classifications of syphilis, in which its clinical and epidemiological characteristics, the route of infection (acquired or congenital), as well as the prognosis for patients, depending on the timing of initiation of therapy, are taken into account to varying degrees. The classification of syphilis, adopted in our country, is based on the principle of periodization of the clinical course of the disease, cardinal provisions
    Syphilis? classic sexually transmitted disease. This disease is characterized by damage to the skin, mucous membranes, internal organs (cardiovascular system, stomach, liver), bone-joint and nervous systems. The cause of infection is a spiral-shaped microbe of pale treponema. The main feature of treponema is great mobility - each microbe of pale treponema during reproduction
    The detection of positive serological reactions in the blood is the basis for establishing the diagnosis of latent syphilis in people who do not have clinical signs of this disease. Latent syphilis can occur in patients who in the past had active manifestations of syphilis, resolving either independently or under the influence of insufficient specific treatment, or is a special form
  17. Syphilis (luez)
    Cause In most cases, syphilis infection occurs through sexual contact. It is possible to transmit infection from a sick mother to the fetus during pregnancy, as well as during blood transfusion. Household infection is extremely rare. Symptoms A painless ulcer with a firm base appears at the site of the pathogen penetration into the body. 1-2 weeks after this, the nearest
Medical portal "MedguideBook" © 2014-2019