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The reasons for the entry of foreign bodies into the esophagus in dogs may be the habit of playing various objects and, hasty food, accidentally swallowing toys. In cats, the cause of foreign bodies (most often these are sewing needles with or without thread) is the special structure of the villi of the tongue. When trying to free itself from a randomly captured foreign body, the cat, on the contrary, pushes it inward with the tongue movements. Foreign bodies in birds are rare observations.

In more than 50% of cases, a foreign body passes freely through the esophagus and through other parts of the gastrointestinal tract and exits naturally. Sharp foreign objects get stuck in the initial section of the esophagus, while large ones linger in places of physiological narrowing of the esophagus (in the thoracic region). The retention of a foreign body in the esophagus is facilitated by a spasm of the esophageal muscles in response to irritation by the foreign body.

Symptoms of obstruction depend on the nature of the foreign object, its level of delay in the esophagus and the degree of damage to the wall of the esophagus. When a foreign body is localized in the oral cavity (a piece of a stick between the upper molars), the dog is restless, makes multiple chewing movements with his jaws, has excessive salivation, with his front paws, he tears his muzzle, trying to free himself from the foreign body. Cats react more calmly. They can observe chewing movements and salivation.
A stuck needle, however, makes it difficult to swallow (when you try to drink water, it flows out of your mouth).

If a large foreign body enters the throat, instant death from suffocation is possible. The animal lies with its mouth wide open, without breathing, with a glazed look, the gums are blue.

The ingestion of a foreign body into the thoracic esophagus leads to a sudden violation of swallowing, salivation and violent bubbling vomiting that occurs after the next intake of water.

First aid to animals in these cases consists in an urgent attempt to remove a foreign object. It is removed by hand through a wide mouth, after which they begin an indirect heart massage. According to the observations of the author, if strangulation by a foreign body is noticed immediately, then the outcome is successful.

A foreign object is removed from the oral cavity as follows. You need to try to unclench the jaws of the animal and grab the foreign body with forceps.

Only a doctor can get a foreign body out of the esophagus after a preliminary x-ray examination and drug administration. To eliminate esophageal spasm and salivation, you should administer atropine (0.5 - 3 ampoules) and pour 50-100 ml of liquid paraffin into the animal's mouth. In the future, the doctor, having established the localization of the foreign body, will take one way or another way to remove it.
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  1. Foreign bodies in the throat and esophagus
    Sometimes not only kittens, but also excessively curious adult cats swallow foreign objects. Some of these items are so small that they easily slip through the throat and esophagus, and then safely pass the stomach and intestines, and go out naturally, while others can get stuck. Often, for example, fish bones are stuck between the teeth, or stuck in the back of the throat
  2. Foreign bodies in the mouth, pharynx, larynx, trachea, esophagus, stomach and intestines
    Foreign bodies can be sharp, damaging and obstructing (clogging) the pharynx, larynx and esophagus. In case of suffocation, an urgent tracheotomy is necessary. The dog is fixed in the dorsal position, the hair is quickly removed from the ventral surface of the anterior third of the neck, twice the skin is lubricated with a 3% alcohol solution of iodine. Through a needle inserted strictly along the midline of the ventral surface
  3. Foreign bodies of the pharynx
    Foreign bodies of the pharynx often come with food (fish and meat bones, glass fragments, pieces of wire, pieces of meat, lard). Foreign bodies can also be objects that accidentally fall into the mouth (pins, nails, buttons), dentures. Less common are living foreign bodies (leeches, roundworms). The ingestion of foreign bodies in the throat can be caused by such predisposing moments as fast food,
    Foreign bodies fall into the throat when breathing or when swallowing and are countless diverse objects. The outcomes of a foreign body staying in the pharynx are different: it can be coughed up, expelled with exhalation, spit out, lie freely in the pharynx without injuring the mucous membrane, advance further and become a foreign body of the larynx, trachea and bronchi, the esophagus, and finally, injure the mucous membrane and
  5. Foreign bodies of the esophagus
    The ingress of foreign bodies into the esophagus is random and the predisposing moments are considered in the description of the physiology of the esophagus. Foreign bodies linger in places of physiological constriction, most often (50 - 60%) - in the area of ​​cricopharyngeal constriction, which has powerful striated muscles. The second place in the frequency of fixation of foreign bodies takes the thoracic region -
  6. Foreign bodies of the pharynx
    Foreign bodies of the pharynx are quite common. They can be of various nature and shape: fish bones, metal objects (nails, pins), pieces of wood, shells of cereals, pieces of fruit, etc. Often in the throat pieces of unhealed food get stuck, dentures, etc. The reasons for the ingestion of foreign bodies in the throat are inattentive food intake, conversation, laughter with food. Children left
  7. Damage and foreign bodies of the esophagus
    Damage to the esophagus is external and internal. External, rarer ones include a breakthrough in the esophagus of abscesses of the lymph nodes, a tumor growing in it. Military injuries and incised wounds of the esophagus are possible in combination with damage to the pharynx and trachea. Internal damage - all cases of damage to the mucous membrane or the entire wall of the esophagus by foreign bodies, chemical agents,
  8. Diseases of the mouth, pharynx, esophagus
    Stomatitis (stomatitis) is an inflammation of the oral mucosa. All types of domestic animals are affected, but more often cattle and horses. By the nature of the inflammation, stomatitis is alternative, exudative and proliferative. Of the alternative ones, necrotic and ulcerative are most often found. Among the exudative, serous, catarrhal, purulent, fibrinous and, less often, hemorrhagic are distinguished
  9. Injuries, foreign bodies of the esophagus, trachea and bronchus
    Injuries, foreign bodies of the esophagus, trachea and
  10. Alien bodies of the digestive tract
    Foreign bodies of the pharynx Foreign bodies almost always enter the pharynx with food. Hasty food, lack of teeth, diseases of the masticatory apparatus, sudden cough, laughter, talking with food contributes to their ingestion. In addition, foreign bodies can enter the pharynx through the nose, as well as from the larynx and esophagus. Of particular danger are large foreign bodies. They are stuck in the larynx.
  11. Foreign bodies
    Foreign bodies of the ear, nose, pharynx, and less commonly, the larynx, trachea, and bronchi, are more common. Foreign bodies of the ear are more common in children (paper, pencils, fruit bones), in adults - foreign bodies with sharp edges (fragments of matches) and insects. Rinsing with water is contraindicated during perforation of the tympanic membrane and complete obstruction of the lumen by a foreign body. Insects are killed before removal,
  12. Examination of the oral cavity and pharynx
    First of all, it is necessary to establish the presence and nature of the contents in the oral cavity. This is extremely important in forensic cases due to the possibility of detecting lumps of cotton wool, gauze, cloth, paper, etc. On the mucous membrane of the oral cavity, most often on the tongue and on the mucous membrane of the cheeks, white plaques of irregular shape are often found and various sizes. Sometimes at
  13. Foreign bodies of the larynx
    Meat and fish bones, needles, pins, buttons, eggshells, dentures, coins, small parts of toys usually enter the larynx from the mouth, less often from the stomach when vomiting. Such foreign bodies are much less common, such as parts of broken surgical instruments, tissue removed during surgery (adenoids, palatine tonsil, polyp), as well as living foreign bodies (leeches, roundworms,
  14. Foreign bodies in the digestive tract
    Esophagus obstruction 1. What is the most common cause of esophageal obstruction? At what level is obstruction more common? In most cases, foreign bodies (such as cartilage, fishing hooks) cause esophageal obstruction. Symptoms of obstruction can occur with stenosis and tumors of the esophagus. More often, obstruction occurs at the level of the base of the heart and lower sphincter of the esophagus. Foreign bodies in
  15. Foreign bodies
    Foreign bodies in the throat Cause Foreign bodies often fall into the throat with food. It can be fish and meat bones, glass fragments, pieces of plastic, large pieces of food. Foreign objects can also get into the mouth - pins, nails, buttons, dentures. Foreign bodies enter the mouth as a result of rapid absorption of food, sudden laughter or coughing during meals, and
  16. Burns of the pharynx and esophagus
    Burns distinguish between thermal, chemical, electrical and radiation. Thermal burns of the oral cavity, pharynx and esophagus (often at the same time) usually occur when swallowing hot food, often liquid, sometimes when hot air, gas or steam gets into these cavities. In rare cases, only one organ is affected, which is associated with the duration of the contact of the damaging agent with the mucosa
    Definition Foreign body aspirated into the respiratory tract. Etiology Foreign body aspirated by a child. Entry into the trachea of ​​teeth displaced during manipulations in the upper respiratory tract. Surgical material remaining in the respiratory tract after surgery. Typical cases In children aged 7 months to 4 years: foreign body aspiration
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