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When evaluating the general plan of a dairy farm for 800 cows of the Ilyinsky state farm, the following shortcomings were noted: there was no landscaping of the territory within the livestock facility with hardwood trees, there was an intersection of clean and dirty paths, and there were no sanitary inspection rooms and desbarriers.
Also, when examining a livestock facility, the following were discovered: hard surfaces in driveways and walking grounds.
When analyzing the functional zoning scheme, it was found that there is no conformity to the recommended zoning scheme of the enterprise territory.
Compared with the standards for cows and heifers 2 - 3 months before calving, 1.9 - 2.5 m2, the specific area of the boxes in the barn is within normal limits.
The specific cubic capacity in the room in comparison with the standards (25-30 m? / Goal.) Is not within the normal range.
The farm uses straw as bedding material; there is no warehouse on the farm for storing bedding material. Therefore, the complex stores less than 50% of the annual litter requirement. A small portion of the straw is stored in designated areas in buildings.
It is necessary to create at the enterprise special storage facilities for bedding, with a volume of 4525 m ?.
The daily water requirement is 44.34 m?
The hourly water requirement is 4.6 m?
Manure removal from the premises is carried out using scraper conveyors TS - 15.
From the building to the UPA pneumatic installation - 15, with a TSN-3 OB conveyor. Further, in the pneumatic installation, manure enters a special hopper. After filling, manure from the hopper is pumped out and taken out by a tractor to the manure storage. The farm has two manure depots measuring 30 * 45 m and a capacity of 2500 tons each.
Manure removal is performed every day.
In the barn it is necessary to have 7 exhaust ducts with an area of 1 m ?, and 36 supply ducts with an area of 0.16 m?
To this end, to eliminate a heat deficit of 22,605.7 kcal / h, two SFOA-100 electric heaters can be used in the barn, with an air supply of 5000 P and a heat supply of 90 kW - 77850 kcal and a heat generator TG - 75 A with an air supply of 5700 P.
Compared with the standard light coefficient (1: 10 - 1: 15), the actual light coefficient is slightly normal, it is 1: 18.6.
The specific power of the electric bulbs in the barn corresponds to the norm and is 4.1 W / m ?.
The required sizes of walking areas are for cows and heifers - 72 m * 105.8 m; for calves - 60 m * 57.8 m.
Requirements for the preparation and storage of feed, their preparation for feeding is observed and complies with the standards. Timely cleaning and disinfection of feeders.
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Based on the analysis of the content of the article, the following conclusions can be drawn: The most important hardening is important to start at an early age, when the body is in the process of formation, and mechanisms of immunobiological protection are developing. For complete hardening, it is necessary to use a set of hardening procedures, taking into account the individual characteristics of the body. Like age,
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