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The origin of veterinary medicine in Russia
Archaeological studies show that in the territory of modern Russia, primitive man was a farmer and livestock farmer for another 6-8 thousand years BC. Primitive people brought domesticated animals to this region in the process of natural resettlement and development of new agricultural territories. Such movements were necessary for the development of new pastures and land. Of course, people of that time transferred experience of working with them to new places with domesticated animals, including the simplest sanitary and hygienic techniques. Particularly fast was the development of new territories after the domestication of a horse. During this period, people inevitably had to, in addition to the experience they knew about caring for animals, master some techniques that ensure the working capacity and productivity of animals, and prevent their diseases in new climatic conditions. Additional information was extremely necessary, as animals fell into new, more severe, climatic and natural conditions. Such information was transmitted orally from generation to generation and formed the basis of what is defined as rational folk veterinary medicine. In subsequent periods, much of this information was used in writing.
As already noted in the Middle Ages, as the triumph of Christianity, literacy in Western Europe was preserved only in a closed life outside the walls of city-states and monasteries.
The way of life of the Slavs, and other peoples living in the territory of modern Russia, was sharply different from the way of life of the peoples of Western Europe. Representatives of the peoples living in the territory of modern Russia easily traveled by boat from Novgorod to Kiev and further to Constantinople. They had information about walruses, beluga whales, and northern whale species. Many wall paintings, archaeological finds and other monuments have been preserved confirming that the peoples living in the early Middle Ages on the territory of modern Russia were familiar with livestock breeding technologies and the simplest methods of preventing and treating animal diseases.
They took all this from their ancestors who had moved here from the southern primitive communal settlements and adapted to local climatic and natural conditions.
Livestock farming was one of the main sources of life for the Slavs and other peoples living in those years on the territory of modern Russia.
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The origin of veterinary medicine in Russia
- The origin of veterinary medicine
If veterinary science is regarded as a sphere of human activity, the task of which is to obtain knowledge about the causes of diseases and the conditions for their spread, develop measures to combat them, prevention and treatment, then it originated in the form of folk veterinary medicine during the domestication of animals. The process of establishing veterinary medicine was lengthy and difficult. But at all stages he made excuses
- Veterinary during the years of Soviet power in Russia
Active participation of Russia in the hostilities of the First World War 1914-1917 required the mobilization of most veterinarians to serve in the army. Because of this, the veterinary service of animals of the national economy was sharply weakened. If we consider that before the war, such service was insufficient and imperfect, one of the main reasons for mass distribution will become clear.
- Veterinary medicine of Russia until the 18th century
The development of veterinary medicine during this period can be traced back to handwritten works. In the X11 - X1U centuries, translations from Latin and Greek languages of collections of animal information, animal anatomy, written by Andrei Vesalius, textbooks and manuals on pharmacopeia, and other books on natural sciences appeared in Kiev. Ivan III (1462-1505) established a printing house in Moscow, where it was printed, translated
- Veterinary of noble Russia (XVIII century)
For Russia, the eighteenth century was the heyday of the reforms of Peter the Great. It was characterized by the strengthening of feudal-feudal relations, the development of trade and industry, the organization of educational and scientific institutions. In 1725, the Academy of Sciences was opened. To prepare new scientific personnel, a university and a gymnasium were created at it. In 1755, Moscow University was opened. IN
- Veterinary medicine during the formation of precapitalist relations in Russia (1800 - 1860)
This period was characterized by the emergence of veterinary medicine as a science, the enormous problem of which continued to be massive animal diseases. Many veterinarians approached their scientific understanding, but the problem continued to remain very difficult not only for the health of animals, but also for people. In 1803, Minister of the Interior Kochubey invited Alexander the First to open
- Veterinary medicine during the formation of capitalism in Russia (from the 60s of the XIX century to 1917)
As you know, in 1849, Pollender discovered motionless filamentous formations in the blood of a fallen cow. In 1850, Daven found the same formations in the blood of a cow who died from anthrax and a dead person. In 1855, a professor at the Yurievsky (Derpt) Veterinary School, Brauel experimentally reproduced anthrax in animals by introducing them with such filiform formations with
- Kolesnichenko I.S. History of Veterinary Medicine, 2010
Contents: The origin of veterinary medicine. The origin of veterinary medicine in Russia. Veterinary medicine in the ancient world. Veterinary medicine in the Middle Ages and Renaissance (V-XVII centuries). Veterinary medicine of Russia until the 18th century. Veterinary medicine of noble Russia (XVIII century). Veterinary medicine during the formation of precapitalist relations in Russia (1800 - 1860). Veterinary medicine of the formation of capitalism in Russia (from
- ORIGIN OF MEDICAL KNOWLEDGE IN ANCIENT CHINA
One of the first Chinese doctors who lived about five thousand years ago is considered the mythical emperor Shen Nong, who used all kinds of herbs for treatment. According to legend, he composed a description of about 70 poisons and antidotes, died at the age of 140 and became the deity of pharmacists after death. He is considered the author of one of the oldest in the world, the “Canon on the roots and herbs”, containing a description of 365
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