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Mental development of the child: the impact of the environment

The sociologist and ethnopsychologist M. Mead sought to show the leading role of sociocultural factors in the mental development of children. Comparing the characteristics of puberty, the formation of a structure of self-consciousness, self-esteem among representatives of different nationalities, she emphasized the dependence of these processes primarily on cultural traditions, the characteristics of the upbringing and education of children, the dominant style of communication in the family. The concept of inculturation introduced by her as a learning process in a specific culture enriches the general concept of socialization.

Mead identified three types of cultures in the history of mankind - post-figurative (children learn from their predecessors), cofigurative (children and adults learn mainly from peers, contemporaries) and prefigurative (adults can learn from their children) 1.
Her views had a great influence on the concepts of personality psychology and developmental psychology; she clearly showed the role of social environment, culture in the formation of the psyche of a child.

Thus, we have traced the formulation of the problem of determinipsychic development in theoretical positions and empirical studies of a number of major psychologists.
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Mental development of the child: the impact of the environment

  1. The influence of toys on the mental development of the child
    Toy as a means of mental development of the child. A toy arises in the history of mankind as a means of preparing a child for life in his contemporary system of social relations. A toy is an object that serves for fun and entertainment, but at the same time is a means of the child’s mental development. As mentioned above, even in infancy, the child receives rattles that determine
  2. The mechanism of mental development of the child
    To understand the mechanism of the child’s mental development, its significance during the child’s mental development, we outline the main components. 1. The first basic concept of the mechanism of mental development is the so-called social situation of child development. This is that particular form of relationship in which the child is with adults in one or another period of his life. Social development situation
  3. The influence of environmental factors on the development and survival of eggs and larvae of helminths
    Oxygen. It has been established that about 0.0009 cm3 of oxygen is required for the development of Ascafis suilla eggs. Mature A.suilla eggs need less oxygen than developing eggs. Each egg in the process of development requires 0.0000025-0.0000031 cm3 of oxygen. With the cessation of oxygen access, the further development of helminth eggs stops and can continue during aeration. Egg survival
  4. The role of the game in the mental development of the child
    In game activity, the most intensively formed mental qualities and personal characteristics of the child. Other types of activities take shape in the game, which then acquire independent significance. The impact of the game on the overall development of the child. Game activity affects the formation of the arbitrariness of mental processes. So, in the game, arbitrary attention begins to develop in children and
  5. The hypothesis of the mental development of a child D. B. Elkonin
    The value of this approach is that the author tried to embrace and relate the two main vectors of child development. One of them characterizes the relationship of the child with the world of things, which involves the child's knowledge and mastery of the objective world. Another vector characterizes the interaction of the child with the world of people. DB Elkonin believes that the activity of the child inside these two vectors
  6. Theories of child mental development
    In child psychology, the facts initially accumulated and systematized, superimposed on the temporary grid of child development. The appearance of new processes and fractures in the development of children was recorded. C. Darwin first raised the question of the existence of a special law of genesis. Then E. Haeckel and I. Müller formulated the famous biogenetic law: during intrauterine development
  7. Theories of child mental development
    Earlier it was said that there are a large number of theories that explain the course of the child’s mental development. It was also said that all this set fits into three possible approaches - biogenetic, sociogenetic and personological. The most prominent representatives of the biogenetic approach are the theories of recapitulation of E. Haeckel and St. Hall and the theory of psychosexual development of Z. Freud.
  8. MENTAL DEVELOPMENT OF A CHILD AS A PROBLEM OF TEACHING CORRECT BEHAVIOR: BEHAVIORISM ABOUT THE LAWS OF CHILD DEVELOPMENT
    MENTAL DEVELOPMENT OF A CHILD AS A PROBLEM OF TEACHING CORRECT BEHAVIOR: BEHAVIORISM ABOUT CHILDREN'S REGULATIONS
  9. PERIODIZATION AND REGULARITIES OF MENTAL PSYCHIC DEVELOPMENT
    Most psychologists divide childhood into periods. The basis of periodization of the child’s mental development L.S. Vygotsky put the concept of leading activities, which is characterized by three signs: 1. It should be meaningful for the child. For example, at 3 years old previously meaningless things acquire meaning for the child in the context of the game. Therefore, the game is the leading activity and
  10. Mental development of the child: biological and social factors
    American psychologist and sociologist Baldwin was one of many at that time who urged to study not only cognitive, but also emotional and personal development. The social environment, along with innate prerequisites, was considered by him as the most important factor in development, since the formation of a system of norms and values, self-esteem of a person occurs within society. Baldwin is one of the first
  11. The main psychological neoplasms and their impact on the cognitive development of the child
    1. In the course of solving the educational problem, the child is faced with the need to foresee the results of his actions, that is, plan their order, outline the means of achieving goals. In other words, he must imagine in advance what will result from his efforts, i.e. the opportunity to see the future result. This is possible with the help of the developed ability to plan these actions in the mind, i.e.
  12. CRITERIA FOR PERIODIZING MENTAL CHILD DEVELOPMENT
    Dividing the child’s life path into periods allows you to better understand the patterns of child development, the specifics of individual age stages. The content (and name) of periods, their time boundaries are determined by the author of periodization about the most important, significant aspects of development. L.S. Vygotsky distinguished three groups of periodization: by the external criterion, by one and several
  13. Indicators of the child’s mental development and methods for their study
    The indicators of the child’s mental development include: - the development of the child’s cognitive sphere (perception, attention, memory, imagination, thinking); - the formation of a system of personal relationships (emotions, needs, motives, attitudes, value orientations, orientation, etc.); - mastery of a system of diverse practical and mental actions that provide an opportunity
  14. Mental development of the child and the biological factor of maturation of the body
    The pupil of S. Hall, the famous American psychologist A. Gesell (1880-1971) conducted a longitudinal study of the mental development of children from birth to adolescence using repeating slices1. He took significant steps to put the study of the problems of the development of young children on a scientific basis, to trace the phases of development of individual components of behavior from birth to
  15. The role of biological and social factors in the mental development of the child
    The mental development of children depends on many circumstances. Here we have a five-year-old child who knows how to pronounce only a few words indistinctly, drags the doll extended to him in his mouth, and draws incomprehensible scribbles with a pencil on paper. What's the matter? Maybe the child suffered a serious brain disease? And perhaps he is pedagogically neglected - they never talk to him, they don’t play, they don’t
  16. MEDICAL ASPECTS OF THE NERVO-MENTAL AND SPIRITUAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE CHILD. BEHAVIOR OF CHILDREN AND TEENAGERS.
    Constant dynamic monitoring of the child’s neuropsychic development, the organization of activities aimed at the achievement of maximum mental health by the individual is the most important component of the work of a pediatrician. In conditions of maturation of the cerebral cortex during the period of early childhood and the preschool period (up to 6 years), the child’s mental development is quite closely connected with
  17. MENTAL DEVELOPMENT OF A CHILD IN THE FIRST YEAR OF LIFE
    MENTAL DEVELOPMENT OF A CHILD IN THE FIRST YEAR
  18. THE ROLE OF ACTIVITY AND COMMUNICATION IN THE MENTAL PSYCHOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT
    ROLE OF ACTIVITY AND COMMUNICATION IN MENTAL DEVELOPMENT
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